Principality of Bulgaria

BulgariaBulgarian PrincipalityBulgarianprincipalityBulgarian stateLiberated Bulgariaautonomous Bulgarian principalityBulgaria (Principality)Bulgarian monarchyBulgarian Rebels
The Principality of Bulgaria (Княжество България, Knyazhestvo Balgariya) was a de facto independent, and de jure vassal state under the suzerainty of the Ottoman Empire.wikipedia
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Treaty of San Stefano

San Stefanoat San Stefanopeace treaty
After the Russo-Turkish War ended with a Russian victory, the Treaty of San Stefano was signed by Russia and the Ottoman Empire on 3 March 1878.
The treaty provided for the creation of an autonomous Principality of Bulgaria following almost 500 years of Ottoman domination.

Bulgarian unification

Unification of Bulgariaunificationunited
In 1885, a bloodless revolution resulted in Eastern Rumelia being de facto annexed by Bulgaria, which the Ottoman Empire accepted with the Tophane Agreement.
The Unification of Bulgaria (Съединение на България, Saedinenie na Balgariya) was the act of unification of the Principality of Bulgaria and the province of Eastern Rumelia in the autumn of 1885.

Ottoman Empire

OttomanOttomansTurks
The Principality of Bulgaria (Княжество България, Knyazhestvo Balgariya) was a de facto independent, and de jure vassal state under the suzerainty of the Ottoman Empire.
As a result, Ottoman holdings in Europe declined sharply: Bulgaria was established as an independent principality inside the Ottoman Empire; Romania achieved full independence; and Serbia and Montenegro finally gained complete independence, but with smaller territories.

Kingdom of Bulgaria

BulgariaBulgarianTsardom of Bulgaria
On 5 October 1908, Bulgaria declared its independence as the Kingdom of Bulgaria.
The Kingdom of Bulgaria (Царство България, Tsarstvo Bǎlgariya), also referred to as the Tsardom of Bulgaria and the Third Bulgarian Tsardom, was a constitutional monarchy in Eastern and Southeastern Europe, which was established on 5 October (O.S. 22 September) 1908, when the Bulgarian state was raised from a principality to a kingdom.

Tophane Agreement

Tophane
In 1885, a bloodless revolution resulted in Eastern Rumelia being de facto annexed by Bulgaria, which the Ottoman Empire accepted with the Tophane Agreement.
The Tophane Agreement was a treaty between the Principality of Bulgaria and the Ottoman Empire signed on 5 April 1886 during an ambassadorial conference in Istanbul.

Second Bulgarian Empire

Bulgarian EmpireBulgariaBulgarian
In 1396 the Bulgarian–Ottoman Wars ended with the fall of the Bulgarian Empire, due to the Ottoman invasion of the Balkans and its own internal divisions.
It was succeeded by the Principality and later Kingdom of Bulgaria in 1878.

Congress of Berlin

Berlin CongressBerlin AgreementBerlin Congress of 1878
Due to this, the great powers convened and signed the Treaty of Berlin, superseding the Treaty of San Stefano, which never went into effect.
The congress returned territories to the Ottoman Empire that the previous treaty had given to the Principality of Bulgaria, most notably Macedonia, thus setting up a strong revanchist demand in Bulgaria, leading in 1912 to the First Balkan War.

Tarnovo Constitution

constitutionadvanced democratic constitutionConstitution of Turnovo
It had its own Constitution, flag and anthem, and conducted its own foreign policy. The Bulgarians adopted an advanced democratic constitution, and power soon passed to the Liberal Party led by Stefan Stambolov.
It was adopted on 16 April 1879 (O.S.) by the Constituent National Assembly held in Veliko Tarnovo as part of the establishment of the Principality of Bulgaria.

Bulgarian Declaration of Independence

Declaration of IndependenceIndependence of BulgariaBulgaria declared independence
On 5 October 1908, Bulgaria declared its independence as the Kingdom of Bulgaria.
Bulgaria had been a widely autonomous principality since 3 March 1878, when it was liberated from Ottoman rule in the wake of the Russo-Turkish War (1877–78).

Russo-Turkish War (1877–1878)

Russo-Turkish WarRusso-Turkish War (1877–78)Russo-Turkish War of 1877–1878
After the Russo-Turkish War ended with a Russian victory, the Treaty of San Stefano was signed by Russia and the Ottoman Empire on 3 March 1878.
After almost five centuries of Ottoman domination (1396–1878), a Bulgarian state re-emerged: the Principality of Bulgaria, covering the land between the Danube River and the Balkan Mountains (except Northern Dobrudja which was given to Romania), as well as the region of Sofia, which became the new state's capital.

Eastern Rumelia

East RumeliaEastern Roumelia(Eastern) Rumelia
This created a much smaller principality, alongside an autonomous Eastern Rumelia within the Ottoman Empire.
After a bloodless revolution on 6 September 1885, the province was annexed by the Principality of Bulgaria, which was de jure an Ottoman tributary state but de facto functioned as independent.

National day

national holidaynational holidaysState day/week
Based on that date Bulgarians celebrate Bulgaria's national day each year.

Suzerainty

suzerainBritish Paramountcysuzerains
The Principality of Bulgaria (Княжество България, Knyazhestvo Balgariya) was a de facto independent, and de jure vassal state under the suzerainty of the Ottoman Empire.

Serbo-Bulgarian War

Bulgarian-Serbian WarSerbo–Bulgarian Warwar
Shortly after, Serbia declared war on Bulgaria in the hope of grabbing territory while the Bulgarians were distracted.
The Serbo-Bulgarian War or Serbian–Bulgarian War (Сръбско-българска война, Српско-бугарски рат, Srpsko-bugarski rat) was a war between the Kingdom of Serbia and Principality of Bulgaria that erupted on 14 November 1885 and lasted until 28 November 1885.

1886 Bulgarian coup d'état

coup d'état9 August coup d'étatAugust 9, 1886
In August 1886 they fomented a coup, in the course of which Alexander was forced to abdicate and was exiled to Russia.
The Bulgarian coup d'état of 1886, also known as the 9 August coup d'état (Деветоавгустовски преврат, Devetoavgustovski prevrat) was an attempted dethronement of Knyaz Alexander Battenberg in Principality of Bulgaria, carried out on 9 August 1886.

History of Bulgaria (1878–1946)

BulgariaKingdom of BulgariaBulgarian Kingdom
*History of Bulgaria (1878–1946)
After the Russo-Turkish War of 1877-1878, the 1878 Treaty of Berlin set up an autonomous state, the Principality of Bulgaria, within the Ottoman Empire.

Bulgarian National Revival

National RevivalBulgarian revivalBulgarian Renaissance
The Bulgarian National Revival, emerging in the late 18th century, revived Bulgarian identity and stoked the idea of creating a new Bulgarian state.
This is meant only to include the Principality of Bulgaria, as revival processes continued until later in Eastern Rumelia and Macedonia.

Treaty of Bucharest (1886)

Treaty of BucharestBucharestTreaty of Bucharest in 1886
The Bulgarians defeated them at Slivnitsa, pushed the Serbian army into Serbia and succeeded to re-conquer the seized by the Berlin Treaty Bulgarian populated towns of Pirot and Vranya, but they were given back to Serbia with the Treaty of Bucharest in 1886.
The Treaty of Bucharest was signed by Serbia and Bulgaria on 3 March 1886 in Bucharest (capital of Romania), marking the end of the Serbo-Bulgarian War.

God Save the Tsar!

God Save the TsaranthemBozhe, tsarya khrani
"God Save the Tsar!" was the national anthem of the Russian Empire and, for a time, the national anthem of the Principality of Bulgaria.

Alexander of Battenberg

Alexander IAlexanderPrince Alexander of Battenberg
They insisted that the Prince could not be a Russian, but in a compromise Prince Alexander of Battenberg, a nephew of Tsar Alexander II, was chosen.
Alexander Joseph (Александър I Батенберг; 5 April 1857 – 17 November 1893), known as Alexander of Battenberg, was the first prince (knyaz) of the Principality of Bulgaria from 1879 until his abdication in 1886.

List of Prime Ministers of Bulgaria

Chairman of the Council of Ministers of BulgariaPrime MinisterPrime Minister of Bulgaria
This is a list of the heads of government of the modern Bulgarian state, from the establishment of the Principality of Bulgaria to the present day.

Sava Mutkurov

Mutkurov, Sava
He also served as one of the regents of the Principality of Bulgaria after Prince Alexander of Battenberg's abdication (1886–1887) and was Minister of War in Stefan Stambolov's government (1887–1891).

Stefan Stambolov

StambolovStefan Nikolov Stambolov
The Bulgarians adopted an advanced democratic constitution, and power soon passed to the Liberal Party led by Stefan Stambolov.

De facto

de facto relationshipde-factode facto'' segregation
The Principality of Bulgaria (Княжество България, Knyazhestvo Balgariya) was a de facto independent, and de jure vassal state under the suzerainty of the Ottoman Empire.