Principality of Lucca and Piombino

Princess of Lucca and Piombino1805LuccaLucca and PiombinoPrince of LuccaPrincess of Lucca
The Principality of Lucca and Piombino was created in July 1805 by Napoleon I for his beloved sister Elisa Bonaparte.wikipedia
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Elisa Bonaparte

ElisaElisa BaciocchiElisa Bonaparte Baciocchi
The Principality of Lucca and Piombino was created in July 1805 by Napoleon I for his beloved sister Elisa Bonaparte.
Maria Anna (Marie Anne) Elisa Bonaparte Baciocchi Levoy (3 January 1777 – 7 August 1820), Princesse Française, was an Italian ruler, Princess of Lucca and Piombino (1805-1814), Princess of Lucca (1805-1814), Grand Duchess of Tuscany (1809-1814) and Countess of Compignano by appointment of her brother Napoleon Bonaparte.

Principality of Piombino

Prince of PiombinoPiombinolord of Piombino
22 June 1805), the former Republic of Lucca and occupied by France since late 1799, and the ancient Principality of Piombino, with Elisa the Princess of Piombino since that March.
It existed from 1399 to 1805, when it was merged into the Principality of Lucca and Piombino.

Republic of Lucca

LuccaMost Serene Republic of LuccaLucca, Republic of
22 June 1805), the former Republic of Lucca and occupied by France since late 1799, and the ancient Principality of Piombino, with Elisa the Princess of Piombino since that March.
In 1805, the governance of Lucca was taken over by Napoleon, who merged the State of Lucca with the Principality of Piombino to become the Principality of Lucca and Piombino (1805–1809).

Felice Pasquale Baciocchi

Felice BaciocchiMassa-CarraraFelice
Her husband Felice Pasquale Baciocchi became the titular Prince of Piombino.
Thanks to his brother-in-law's conquests, Baciocchi became Prince of Lucca, but without the associated power or the sovereign power, which really was exercised by his wife.

Duchy of Lucca

Duke of LuccaDuchyLucca
Lucca was restored to separate state status as the Duchy of Lucca (1815–1847).
The Duchy was formed in 1815 by the Congress of Vienna, out of the former Republic of Lucca and the Principality of Lucca and Piombino, which had been ruled by Elisa Bonaparte.

Napoleon

Napoleon BonaparteNapoleon INapoleon I of France
The Principality of Lucca and Piombino was created in July 1805 by Napoleon I for his beloved sister Elisa Bonaparte.

Italian Peninsula

ItalyApennine peninsulaItalian
It was a State located on the central Italian Peninsula (present-day Italy), reporting to the needs of Napoleonic France.

Italy

ItalianITAItalia
It was a State located on the central Italian Peninsula (present-day Italy), reporting to the needs of Napoleonic France.

Monarchy

kingdommonarchieskingdoms
The combined principalities then were ruled as a single monarchy.

French franc

francsfranc
The Principality adopted the French franc as its currency, though few special local coins were minted.

Treaty of Fontainebleau (October 1807)

Treaty of FontainebleauTreaty of Fontainebleau (1807)secret treaty
On 3 March 1809, as part of the Treaty of Fontainebleau, her brother Napoleon created the Grand Duchy of Tuscany, with Elisa ruling as Grand Duchess of all Tuscany from Florence.

Grand Duchy of Tuscany

TuscanyGrand Duke of TuscanyTuscan
On 3 March 1809, as part of the Treaty of Fontainebleau, her brother Napoleon created the Grand Duchy of Tuscany, with Elisa ruling as Grand Duchess of all Tuscany from Florence. Under the Congress of Vienna Piombino was given to the Grand Duchy of Tuscany, and Elba to the exiled Napoleon.

Tuscany

TuscanToscanaTuscany, Italy
On 3 March 1809, as part of the Treaty of Fontainebleau, her brother Napoleon created the Grand Duchy of Tuscany, with Elisa ruling as Grand Duchess of all Tuscany from Florence.

Florence

FlorentineFlorence, ItalyFirenze
On 3 March 1809, as part of the Treaty of Fontainebleau, her brother Napoleon created the Grand Duchy of Tuscany, with Elisa ruling as Grand Duchess of all Tuscany from Florence.

First French Empire

French EmpireFranceFrench
Henceforth the Principality of Lucca and Piombino became part of the Grand Duchy of Tuscany, and consequently a territory of the First French Empire.

Prefect

prefectsPrefeitopraefectus
It did have special status, and a prefect was appointed (Antoine-Marie-Pierre de Hautmesnil).

Departments of France

departmentdépartementdepartments
However, the territory was never named a Department of France.

Imperial and Royal Army during the Napoleonic Wars

Austrian armyImperial Austrian ArmyAustrian Imperial Army
In 1814, the Imperial Austrian Army occupied Lucca, ending French control with the fall of Napoleon.

Congress of Vienna

Vienna CongressTreaty of ViennaFinal Act of the Congress of Vienna
Under the Congress of Vienna Piombino was given to the Grand Duchy of Tuscany, and Elba to the exiled Napoleon.

Elba

Elba IslandIsle of ElbaIsola d'Elba
Under the Congress of Vienna Piombino was given to the Grand Duchy of Tuscany, and Elba to the exiled Napoleon.

Maria Luisa, Duchess of Lucca

Maria LuisaMaria Luisa of SpainMaria Louisa, Duchess of Lucca
The Congress of Vienna (1814–1815) gave the Duchy to exiled Spanish Borbón Maria Louisa (1782-1824), who became the Duchess of Lucca and disregarded the constitution imposed on her by the Congress and governed in an absolutist fashion.

Villa Marlia

Villa Reale di MarliaParco della Villa Reale di MarliaRoyal Villa at Marlia
*Villa Reale di Marlia — royal estate of Elisa Bonaparte in the Principality.