Privately held company

PrivatePrivate companyprivately heldprivately ownedprivate enterprisePrivately owned companyPrivate Ownershipprivate companiesPrivate Corporationprivately-held
A privately held company, private company, or close corporation is a business company owned either by non-governmental organizations or by a relatively small number of shareholders or company members which does not offer or trade its company stock (shares) to the general public on the stock market exchanges, but rather the company's stock is offered, owned and traded or exchanged privately or over-the-counter.wikipedia
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List of largest private non-governmental companies by revenue

largest private companies
In 2008, the 441 largest private companies in the United States accounted for US$1.8 trillion ($1.8 trillion) in revenues and employed 6.2 million people, according to Forbes.
This is a list of the world's largest non-governmental privately-held companies by revenue.

Public company

Publicpublicly tradedpublicly traded company
Though less visible than their publicly traded counterparts, private companies have major importance in the world's economy.
Usually, the securities of a publicly traded company are owned by many investors while the shares of a privately held company are owned by relatively few shareholders.

Stock

equitiesequityshares
A privately held company, private company, or close corporation is a business company owned either by non-governmental organizations or by a relatively small number of shareholders or company members which does not offer or trade its company stock (shares) to the general public on the stock market exchanges, but rather the company's stock is offered, owned and traded or exchanged privately or over-the-counter.
For example, in California, USA, majority shareholders of closely held corporations have a duty not to destroy the value of the shares held by minority shareholders.

Proprietary company

Proprietary limited companyPty LtdPrivate
In many countries, there are forms of organization which are restricted to and are commonly used by private companies, for example, the private company limited by shares in the United Kingdom (abbreviated Ltd) or unlimited company and the proprietary limited company (abbreviated Pty Ltd) or unlimited proprietary company (abbreviated Pty) in Australia.
A proprietary company is a form of privately held company in Australia and South Africa that is either limited or unlimited.

Shareholder

shareholdersstockholderstockholders
A privately held company, private company, or close corporation is a business company owned either by non-governmental organizations or by a relatively small number of shareholders or company members which does not offer or trade its company stock (shares) to the general public on the stock market exchanges, but rather the company's stock is offered, owned and traded or exchanged privately or over-the-counter.
A shareholder (also known as stockholder) is an individual or institution (including a corporation) that legally owns one or more shares of stock in a public or private corporation.

Private company limited by shares

PrivateLtd.Private limited company
In many countries, there are forms of organization which are restricted to and are commonly used by private companies, for example, the private company limited by shares in the United Kingdom (abbreviated Ltd) or unlimited company and the proprietary limited company (abbreviated Pty Ltd) or unlimited proprietary company (abbreviated Pty) in Australia.

Private equity

private-equityequityPrivate equity investor
These transactions can involve the sale of private equity fund interests or portfolios of direct investments in privately held companies through the purchase of these investments from existing institutional investors.

Dun & Bradstreet

Dun and BradstreetD&BBradstreet
Researching private companies and private companies' financials in the United States can involve contacting the Secretary of State for the state of incorporation (or for LLC or partnership, state of formation), or using specialized private company databases such as Dun & Bradstreet.

Limited partnership

L.P.limited partnerLP
Well-known limited partnerships include Enterprise Products and Blackstone Group (both of which are public companies), and Bloomberg L.P. (a private company).

Socialism

socialistsocialistssocialistic
This contrasts with socialism, where industry is owned by the state or by all of the community in common.
However, economic liberals and right libertarians view private ownership of the means of production and the market exchange as natural entities or moral rights which are central to their conceptions of freedom and liberty and view the economic dynamics of capitalism as immutable and absolute, therefore they perceive public ownership of the means of production, cooperatives and economic planning as infringements upon liberty.

Private sector

privateprivate-sectorprivate industry
Private enterprises comprise the private sector of an economy.

Non-governmental organization

NGONGOsnon-governmental organisation
A privately held company, private company, or close corporation is a business company owned either by non-governmental organizations or by a relatively small number of shareholders or company members which does not offer or trade its company stock (shares) to the general public on the stock market exchanges, but rather the company's stock is offered, owned and traded or exchanged privately or over-the-counter.

Share (finance)

sharessharestock
A privately held company, private company, or close corporation is a business company owned either by non-governmental organizations or by a relatively small number of shareholders or company members which does not offer or trade its company stock (shares) to the general public on the stock market exchanges, but rather the company's stock is offered, owned and traded or exchanged privately or over-the-counter.

Stock market

equity marketstock marketsstock
A privately held company, private company, or close corporation is a business company owned either by non-governmental organizations or by a relatively small number of shareholders or company members which does not offer or trade its company stock (shares) to the general public on the stock market exchanges, but rather the company's stock is offered, owned and traded or exchanged privately or over-the-counter.

Over-the-counter (finance)

over-the-counterOTCover the counter
A privately held company, private company, or close corporation is a business company owned either by non-governmental organizations or by a relatively small number of shareholders or company members which does not offer or trade its company stock (shares) to the general public on the stock market exchanges, but rather the company's stock is offered, owned and traded or exchanged privately or over-the-counter.

Economy

economiceconomiesnational economy
Though less visible than their publicly traded counterparts, private companies have major importance in the world's economy.

Forbes

Forbes MagazineForbes.comForbes Asia
In 2008, the 441 largest private companies in the United States accounted for US$1.8 trillion ($1.8 trillion) in revenues and employed 6.2 million people, according to Forbes.

Communist state

Communist regimecommunist countriescommunist
This usage is often found in former communist countries to differentiate from former state-owned enterprises, but it may be used anywhere when contrasting to a state-owned or a collectively owned company.

Small business

small businessesmom and popsmall business owner
Most small businesses are privately held.

Subsidiary

subsidiarieswholly owned subsidiarysubsidiary company
Subsidiaries and joint ventures of publicly traded companies (for example, General Motors' Saturn Corporation), unless shares in the subsidiary itself are traded directly, have characteristics of both privately held companies and publicly traded companies.

Joint venture

joint-venturejoint venturesJV
Subsidiaries and joint ventures of publicly traded companies (for example, General Motors' Saturn Corporation), unless shares in the subsidiary itself are traded directly, have characteristics of both privately held companies and publicly traded companies.

General Motors

GMGeneral Motors CorporationGeneral Motors Company
Subsidiaries and joint ventures of publicly traded companies (for example, General Motors' Saturn Corporation), unless shares in the subsidiary itself are traded directly, have characteristics of both privately held companies and publicly traded companies.

Saturn Corporation

SaturnSaturn LLCcar dealership
Subsidiaries and joint ventures of publicly traded companies (for example, General Motors' Saturn Corporation), unless shares in the subsidiary itself are traded directly, have characteristics of both privately held companies and publicly traded companies.

Corporation

corporatecorporationsincorporated
Private companies may be called corporations, limited companies, limited liability companies, unlimited companies, or other names, depending on where and how they are organized and structured.

Limited company

LimitedLtdlimited liability companies
Private companies may be called corporations, limited companies, limited liability companies, unlimited companies, or other names, depending on where and how they are organized and structured.