Pro-form

proformCorrelativescorrelative pronounPro-adverbspro-formsproforms
In linguistics, a pro-form is a type of function word or expression that stands in for (expresses the same content as) another word, phrase, clause or sentence where the meaning is recoverable from the context.wikipedia
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Pronoun

pronounspronominalpronominal system
A pronoun substitutes a noun or a noun phrase, with or without a determiner: it, this. (Compare also prop-word; this denotes a word like one in "the blue one".)
It is a particular case of a pro-form.

Pro-sentence

prosentence
A pro-sentence substitutes an entire sentence or subsentence: Yes, or that as in "That is true".
A pro-sentence is a kind of pro-form and is therefore anaphoric.

Binding (linguistics)

bindingbinding theorybound
The rules governing allowable syntactic relations between certain pro-forms (notably personal and reflexive/reciprocal pronouns) and their antecedents have been studied in what is called binding theory.
In linguistics, binding is the distribution of anaphoric elements (pronouns and other pro-forms).

Pro-verb

A pro-verb substitutes a verb or a verb phrase: do.
It, along with pronouns and some other word classes, form the general group of word classes pro-forms.

Correlative

L. L. Zamenhof, the inventor of Esperanto, called a table of systematic interrogative, demonstrative, and quantifier pro-forms and determiners in a language a table of correlatives, after the relative and demonstrative proforms, which function together as correlatives.
In the wrong output languages, the demonstrative pro-forms function as correlatives with the relative pro-forms, as autant–que in French; in English, demonstratives are not used in such constructions, which depend on the relative only: "I saw what you did", rather than *"I saw that, what you did".

Esperanto vocabulary

correlativestable of correlativescorrelative system
L. L. Zamenhof, the inventor of Esperanto, called a table of systematic interrogative, demonstrative, and quantifier pro-forms and determiners in a language a table of correlatives, after the relative and demonstrative proforms, which function together as correlatives.
The "correlatives" are a paradigm of pro-forms, used to ask and answer the questions what, where, when, why, who, whose, how, how much, and what kind.

Interrogative word

interrogative pronouninterrogativeinterrogative pronouns
An interrogative pro-form is a pro-form that denotes the (unknown) item in question and may itself fall into any of the above categories.
interrogative pro-form

Demonstrative

demonstrative pronoundemonstrativesdemonstrative pronouns
L. L. Zamenhof, the inventor of Esperanto, called a table of systematic interrogative, demonstrative, and quantifier pro-forms and determiners in a language a table of correlatives, after the relative and demonstrative proforms, which function together as correlatives.
See pro-form for a full table.

Locative adverb

hencewhencelocative adverbs
Pro-form locative adverbs generally form a closed class and are particularly important in a language.

Anaphora (linguistics)

anaphoraanaphoricanaphor
Anaphora (linguistics)
Usually, an anaphoric expression is a proform or some other kind of deictic (contextually-dependent) expression.

Deixis

Linguistics

linguistlinguisticlinguists
In linguistics, a pro-form is a type of function word or expression that stands in for (expresses the same content as) another word, phrase, clause or sentence where the meaning is recoverable from the context.

Function word

grammatical wordfunctionalfunction
In linguistics, a pro-form is a type of function word or expression that stands in for (expresses the same content as) another word, phrase, clause or sentence where the meaning is recoverable from the context.

Word

wordsverballexical
In linguistics, a pro-form is a type of function word or expression that stands in for (expresses the same content as) another word, phrase, clause or sentence where the meaning is recoverable from the context.

Phrase

phrasesphrasalword-group
In linguistics, a pro-form is a type of function word or expression that stands in for (expresses the same content as) another word, phrase, clause or sentence where the meaning is recoverable from the context.

Clause

clausesfinite clauseclausal
In linguistics, a pro-form is a type of function word or expression that stands in for (expresses the same content as) another word, phrase, clause or sentence where the meaning is recoverable from the context.

Sentence (linguistics)

sentencesentencesdeclarative sentence
In linguistics, a pro-form is a type of function word or expression that stands in for (expresses the same content as) another word, phrase, clause or sentence where the meaning is recoverable from the context.

Meaning (linguistics)

meaninglinguistic meaningmeanings
In linguistics, a pro-form is a type of function word or expression that stands in for (expresses the same content as) another word, phrase, clause or sentence where the meaning is recoverable from the context.

Quantifier (linguistics)

quantifiersquantifierquantification
L. L. Zamenhof, the inventor of Esperanto, called a table of systematic interrogative, demonstrative, and quantifier pro-forms and determiners in a language a table of correlatives, after the relative and demonstrative proforms, which function together as correlatives. They are used either to avoid repetitive expressions or in quantification (limiting the variables of a proposition).

Part of speech

parts of speechclosed classword class
Pro-forms are divided into several categories, according to which part of speech they substitute:

Noun

nounssubstantiveabstract noun
A pronoun substitutes a noun or a noun phrase, with or without a determiner: it, this. (Compare also prop-word; this denotes a word like one in "the blue one".)

Noun phrase

noun phrasesNPnominal phrase
A pronoun substitutes a noun or a noun phrase, with or without a determiner: it, this. (Compare also prop-word; this denotes a word like one in "the blue one".)

Determiner

determinersdefinite determinerdemonstrative determiners
A pronoun substitutes a noun or a noun phrase, with or without a determiner: it, this. (Compare also prop-word; this denotes a word like one in "the blue one".)

Prop-word

A pronoun substitutes a noun or a noun phrase, with or without a determiner: it, this. (Compare also prop-word; this denotes a word like one in "the blue one".)

Adjective

adjectivesadjectivalattributive adjective
A pro-adjective substitutes an adjective or a phrase that functions as an adjective: so as in "It is less so than we had expected."