Product (chemistry)

productsproductchemical productsend productreaction productreaction productsSpecialty chemical products for the cosmetics, pharmaceutical, nutrition, vaccine and industrial markets
Products are the species formed from chemical reactions.wikipedia
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Chemical reaction

reactionchemical reactionsreactions
Products are the species formed from chemical reactions.
Chemical reactions are usually characterized by a chemical change, and they yield one or more products, which usually have properties different from the reactants.

Chemical equation

chemical equationsequationequations
When represented in chemical equations products are by convention drawn on the right-hand side, even in the case of reversible reactions.
A chemical equation is the symbolic representation of a chemical reaction in the form of symbols and formulae, wherein the reactant entities are given on the left-hand side and the product entities on the right-hand side.

Chemical synthesis

syntheticsynthesissynthesized
Much of chemistry research is focused on the synthesis and characterization of beneficial products, as well as the detection and removal of undesirable products.
Chemical synthesis is a purposeful execution of chemical reactions to obtain a product, or several products.

Transition state

transition-statetransitiontransition states
During a chemical reaction reactants are transformed into products after passing through a high energy transition state.
products, and instead the complex may fall apart back to the reactants.

Enzyme

enzymologyenzymesenzymatic
In biochemistry, enzymes act as biological catalysts to convert substrate to product.
The molecules upon which enzymes may act are called substrates and the enzyme converts the substrates into different molecules known as products.

Reagent

reactantreagentsreactants
During a chemical reaction reactants are transformed into products after passing through a high energy transition state.
Product

Exergonic process

exergonic
The properties of products such as their energies help determine several characteristics of a chemical reaction such as whether the reaction is exergonic or endergonic.
ΔS = change in entropy (at 298 K) as ΔS = Σ S(Product) − Σ S(Reagent)

Catalysis

catalyzescatalysescatalyst
In biochemistry, enzymes act as biological catalysts to convert substrate to product. It can be a spontaneous reaction or mediated by catalysts which lower the energy of the transition state, and by solvents which provide the chemical environment necessary for the reaction to take place.
Product

Endergonic reaction

endergonicenergetically unfavourableunfavorable
The properties of products such as their energies help determine several characteristics of a chemical reaction such as whether the reaction is exergonic or endergonic.
ΔS = change in entropy (at 298 K) as ΔS = Σ S(Product) − Σ S(Reagent)

Substrate (chemistry)

substratessubstrateenzyme substrate
In biochemistry, enzymes act as biological catalysts to convert substrate to product.
In chemistry, a substrate is typically the chemical species being observed in a chemical reaction, which reacts with a reagent to generate a product.

Metabolic pathway

metabolic pathwayspathwaypathways
This can be important in the regulation of metabolism as a form of negative feedback controlling metabolic pathways.
In most cases of a metabolic pathway, the product of one enzyme acts as the substrate for the next.

Spontaneous process

spontaneousspontaneouslyspontaneity
It can be a spontaneous reaction or mediated by catalysts which lower the energy of the transition state, and by solvents which provide the chemical environment necessary for the reaction to take place.

Solvent

solventsorganic solventorganic solvents
It can be a spontaneous reaction or mediated by catalysts which lower the energy of the transition state, and by solvents which provide the chemical environment necessary for the reaction to take place.

Reversible reaction

reversiblereversiblyirreversible reaction
When represented in chemical equations products are by convention drawn on the right-hand side, even in the case of reversible reactions.

State of matter

states of matterstatephysical state
Additionally the properties of a product can make it easier to extract and purify following a chemical reaction, especially if the product has a different state of matter than the reactants.

Process chemistry

process chemistspharmaceutical
Synthetic chemists can be subdivided into research chemists who design new chemicals and pioneer new methods for synthesizing chemicals, as well as process chemists who scale up chemical production and make it safer, more environmentally sustainable, and more efficient.

Natural product

naturally occurringnatural productsnatural
Other fields include natural product chemists who isolate products created by living organisms and then characterize and study these products.

Exergonic reaction

exergonicenergetically favourableexergonicity
If the products are lower in energy than the reactants, then the reaction will give off excess energy making it an exergonic reaction.

Chemical kinetics

kineticsreaction kineticskinetic
If the kinetics of the reaction are high enough, however, then the reaction may occur too slowly to be observed, or not even occur at all.

Metastability

metastablemetastable stateunstable molecules
This is the case with the conversion of diamond to lower energy graphite at atmospheric pressure, in such a reaction diamond is considered metastable and will not be observed converting into graphite.

Biochemistry

biochemistbiochemicalphysiological chemistry
In biochemistry, enzymes act as biological catalysts to convert substrate to product.

Lactase

LCTlactase supplementsβ-galactosidase
For example, the products of the enzyme lactase are galactose and glucose, which are produced from the substrate lactose.

Galactose

galactose metabolismGal D -galactose
For example, the products of the enzyme lactase are galactose and glucose, which are produced from the substrate lactose.

Glucose

dextrose D -glucoseglucopyranose
For example, the products of the enzyme lactase are galactose and glucose, which are produced from the substrate lactose.