Product lifecycle

product lifecycle managementPLMproduct life cyclelife cyclelifecycleproduct life-cycleproduct life-cycle managementlife-cyclelifecycle managementProduct Cycle
In industry, product lifecycle management (PLM) is the process of managing the entire lifecycle of a product from inception, through engineering design and manufacture, to service and disposal of manufactured products.wikipedia
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Jeep Grand Cherokee

Grand Cherokee2011 Grand CherokeeGrand Cherokees
After introducing its compact Jeep Cherokee (XJ), the vehicle that launched the modern sport utility vehicle (SUV) market, AMC began development of a new model, that later came out as the Jeep Grand Cherokee.
As AMC began development of the next Jeep in 1985, management created a business process that is now known as product lifecycle management (PLM).

Product life-cycle management (marketing)

Product life cycle managementlife cycleproduct lifecycle
Product lifecycle management (PLM) should be distinguished from 'product life-cycle management (marketing)' (PLCM).
Product life-cycle management (PLM) is the succession of strategies by business management as a product goes through its life-cycle.

François Castaing

Francois CastaingFrancois J. Castaing
The automaker was looking for a way to speed up its product development process to compete better against its larger competitors in 1985, according to François Castaing, Vice President for Product Engineering and Development.
This business process is now known as product lifecycle management (PLM).

Jeep Cherokee (XJ)

Jeep CherokeeJeep Cherokee XJCherokee
After introducing its compact Jeep Cherokee (XJ), the vehicle that launched the modern sport utility vehicle (SUV) market, AMC began development of a new model, that later came out as the Jeep Grand Cherokee.
To compete against its much larger rivals, the smallest U.S. automaker created a business process that is now known as "product lifecycle management" (PLM) to speed up its product development process.

Reliability engineering

reliabilityreliability theoryreliable
Reliability engineering is a sub-discipline of systems engineering that emphasizes dependability in the lifecycle management of a product.

American Motors Corporation

American MotorsAMCAmerican Motors Company
The inspiration for the burgeoning business process now known as PLM came from American Motors Corporation (AMC).
In 1985, AMC originated product lifecycle management (PLM) as a strategic business approach according to Sidney Hill, Jr., executive editor for Manufacturing Business Technology, in an effort to better compete against its much larger rivals by ramping up its product development process.

Product data management

PDMProduct DataEDM
PLM as a discipline emerged from tools such as CAD, CAM and PDM, but can be viewed as the integration of these tools with methods, people and the processes through all stages of a product's life.
Product data management (PDM) or Product information management (PIM) is the business function often within product lifecycle management (PLM) that is responsible for the management and publication of product data.

Computer-aided manufacturing

CAMComputer Aided Manufacturingmanufacturing
PLM as a discipline emerged from tools such as CAD, CAM and PDM, but can be viewed as the integration of these tools with methods, people and the processes through all stages of a product's life.
Integration of CAD with other components of CAD/CAM/CAE Product lifecycle management (PLM) environment requires an effective CAD data exchange.

Knowledge-based engineering

knowledge-basedKBE
Such software includes technology such as Hybrid Modeling, Reverse Engineering, KBE (knowledge-based engineering), NDT (Nondestructive testing), and Assembly construction.
The design process is inherently a knowledge-intensive activity, so a great deal of the emphasis for KBE is on the use of knowledge-based technology to support computer-aided design (CAD) however knowledge-based techniques (e.g. knowledge management) can be applied to the entire product lifecycle.

Product management

ProductProduct portfolio managementproduct portfolio
Although PLM is mainly associated with engineering tasks it also involves marketing activities such as product portfolio management (PPM), particularly with regards to new product development (NPD).
While involved with the entire product lifecycle, the product management's main focus is on driving new product development.

Computer-aided engineering

CAEcomputer aided engineeringComputer Aided Engineering (CAE)
Simulation, validation and optimization tasks are carried out using CAE (computer-aided engineering) software either integrated in the CAD package or stand-alone.
This definition is however better known today by the terms CAx and PLM.

Collaborative product development

CPD
This central role is covered by numerous collaborative product development tools which run throughout the whole lifecycle and across organizations.
Exactly what technology comes under this title does vary depending on whom one asks; however, it usually consists of the Product Lifecycle Management (PLM) areas of: Product Data Management (PDM); Product visualization; team collaboration and conferencing tools; and supplier sourcing software.

Application lifecycle management

ALMapplication managementlifecycle management
Application lifecycle management (ALM) is the product lifecycle management (governance, development, and maintenance) of computer programs.

Life cycle thinking

Integrated Product PolicyIntegrated Product Policy in Life Cycle Thinkinglife cycle
This is called the life cycle of a product.

Configuration management

configurationConfiguration controlCM
Now widely adopted by numerous organizations and agencies, the CM discipline's concepts include systems engineering (SE), Integrated Logistics Support (ILS), Capability Maturity Model Integration (CMMI), ISO 9000, Prince2 project management method, COBIT, Information Technology Infrastructure Library (ITIL), product lifecycle management, and Application Lifecycle Management.

Process development execution system

PDES
One variant of PPLM implementations are Process Development Execution Systems (PDES).
Software systems of this kind have similarities to product lifecycle management (PLM) systems.

Computer-aided design

CADcomputer aided designCAD software
PLM as a discipline emerged from tools such as CAD, CAM and PDM, but can be viewed as the integration of these tools with methods, people and the processes through all stages of a product's life. The first part in its quest for faster product development was computer-aided design (CAD) software system that made engineers more productive.
CAD is one part of the whole digital product development (DPD) activity within the product lifecycle management (PLM) processes, and as such is used together with other tools, which are either integrated modules or stand-alone products, such as:

Building lifecycle management

Building lifecycle management or BLM is the adaptation of product lifecycle management (PLM)-like techniques to the design, construction, and management of buildings.

Marketing

marketermarketedmarketing campaign
Although PLM is mainly associated with engineering tasks it also involves marketing activities such as product portfolio management (PPM), particularly with regards to new product development (NPD).

Product data record

It is a key concept of product lifecycle management (PLM) and product data management (PDM), because it represents all the data that PLM processes and software manage and allow access to.

Visualization (graphics)

visualizationKnowledge visualizationvisualisation
This specialised field is referred to as product visualization which includes technologies such as DMU (digital mock-up), immersive virtual digital prototyping (virtual reality), and photo-realistic imaging.
It is a key part of product lifecycle management.

Assembly modelling

assembly modelingassemblyassemblies
This is achieved using assembly modelling techniques.
All CAD and CPD systems support this form of bottom-up construction.

Concurrent engineering

Simultaneous Engineeringconcurrent designengineered concurrently
Concurrent engineering (British English: simultaneous engineering) is a workflow that, instead of working sequentially through stages, carries out a number of tasks in parallel.

Concept car

conceptconcept vehicleconcept cars
It can be seen as an analogy to creating a concept car to test new technology for future products, but in this case the work is directly used for the next product generation.