Productivity

productiveproductivity growtheconomic productivityworker productivityeconomically productivelabor productivitylabour productivity productivityemployee productivityincrease productivity
Productivity describes various measures of the efficiency of production.wikipedia
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Production (economics)

productionProduction theoryeconomic production
Productivity describes various measures of the efficiency of production.
Productivity gains are distributed, for example, to customers as lower product sales prices or to staff as higher income pay.

Workforce productivity

labor productivitylabour productivityproductivity
Most common example is the (aggregate) labour productivity measure, e.g., such as GDP per worker.
It is one of several types of productivity that economists measure.

Economic growth

growthGDP growthgrowth rate
Labour productivity is a revealing indicator of several economic indicators as it offers a dynamic measure of economic growth, competitiveness, and living standards within an economy.
Increases in labor productivity (the ratio of the value of output to labor input) have historically been the most important source of real per capita economic growth.

Mass production

mass-producedmass-productionmass-produce
A famous example is the assembly line and the process of mass production that appeared in the decade following commercial introduction of the automobile.
One of the many advantages of this new method was the increase in labour productivity due to the less labour-intensive requirements of managing the machinery.

Toxic workplace

toxic culturetoxictoxic work environments
A toxic workplace is a workplace that is marked by significant drama and infighting, where personal battles often harm productivity.
A toxic workplace is a workplace that is marked by significant drama and infighting, where personal battles often harm productivity.

Workplace bullying

bullyingbulliedworkplace
Workplace bullying results in a loss of productivity, as measured by self-rated job performance.
In such situations, a bullying scenario in the boardroom may actually threaten the productivity of the entire organisation.

Job performance

performancework performanceemployee performance
Workplace bullying results in a loss of productivity, as measured by self-rated job performance.
Another closely related construct is productivity.

Psychopathy in the workplace

corporate psychopathworkplace psychopathbusiness psychopath
The presence of a workplace psychopath may have a serious detrimental impact on productivity in an organisation.
Examples of detrimental effects are increased bullying, conflict, stress, staff turnover and absenteeism; reduction in productivity and in social responsibility.

Organizational culture

corporate culturecompany cultureculture
When toxic employees leave the workplace, it can improve the culture overall because the remaining staff become more engaged and productive.
In such situations, a bullying scenario in the boardroom may actually threaten the productivity of the entire organisation.

Sociocultural evolution

socioculturalsocial evolutionismcultural development
Historically, productivity has improved through evolution as processes with poor productivity performance are abandoned and newer forms are exploited.
The status of a human society rests on the productivity of food production.

Electrification

electrifiedelectrifyelectrifying
A similar pattern was observed with electrification, which saw the highest productivity gains in the early decades after introduction.
The period of electrification of factories and households from 1900 to 1940, was one of high productivity and economic growth.

Assembly line

assemblyassembly linesassembly-line
A famous example is the assembly line and the process of mass production that appeared in the decade following commercial introduction of the automobile.
The gains in productivity allowed Ford to increase worker pay from $1.50 per day to $5.00 per day once employees reached three years of service on the assembly line.

Learning effect (economics)

new ideas
In economics, the learning effect is the process by which education increases productivity and results in higher wages.

Management by objectives

management by objectiveinvestment goalsmanagement by objectives (MBO)
An effective or knowledgeable supervisor (for example a supervisor who uses the Management by objectives method) has an easier time motivating their employees to produce more in quantity and quality.
As an example of the influence of management buy-in as a contextual influencer, in a 1991 comprehensive review of thirty years of research on the impact of Management by Objectives, Robert Rodgers and John Hunter concluded that companies whose CEOs demonstrated high commitment to MBO showed, on average, a 56% gain in productivity.

Production assurance

production product assurance
Many companies have formal programs for continuously improving productivity, such as a production assurance program.
Production assurance is broadly related to productivity and quality management since organizational and human factors must be considered, as well as technical aspects.

Scientific management

TaylorismTayloristTaylor System
Modern productivity science owes much to formal investigations that are associated with scientific management.
Crucially, Taylor himself prominently acknowledged that if each employee's compensation was linked to their output, their productivity would go up.

Workplace incivility

Incivility
Workplace incivility has also been associated with diminished productivity in terms of quality and quantity of work.

Distraction

distractedDiversiondistractibility
While employees are distracted by this, they cannot devote time and attention to the achievement of business goals.
Studies show that while humans are predisposed to the desire to multitask, most people struggle to have legitimate productivity while multitasking.

Technological change

technological progresstechnologicaltechnological development
Some of the most important immediate factors include technological change, organizational change, industry restructuring and resource reallocation, as well as economies of scale and scope.

Efficiency

efficientefficientlyefficiencies
Productivity describes various measures of the efficiency of production.

Real income

Increasing national productivity can raise living standards because more real income improves people's ability to purchase goods and services, enjoy leisure, improve housing and education and contribute to social and environmental programs.

Factors of production

factor of productionresourcesinputs
Productivity measures that use one class of inputs or factors, but not multiple factors, are called partial productivities.

Tabulating machine

tabulatoraccounting machinesIBM 405
Tabulating machines for data processing began being widely used in the 1920s and 1930s and remained in use until mainframe computers became widespread in the late 1960s through the 1970s.

Process control

controlindustrial process controlProcess Controls
By the late 1970s inexpensive computers allowed industrial operations to perform process control and track productivity.

Value added

value-addedadd valuevalue-adding
The output measure is typically net output, more specifically the value added by the process under consideration, i.e. the value of outputs minus the value of intermediate inputs.