Professor

chairuniversity professorProf.professorsprofessorshipassociate professorcollege professorresearch professorassistant professorprofessor emeritus
Professor (commonly abbreviated as Prof.) is an academic rank at universities and other post-secondary education and research institutions in most countries.wikipedia
10,172 Related Articles

List of academic ranks

Directoracademic rankDemonstrator
In most systems of academic ranks the word "Professor" only refers to the most senior academic position, sometimes informally known as "full professor".
Professor

Professors in the United States

distinguished professorprofessoradjunct professor
In the United States and Canada, the title of professor applies to most post-doctoral academics, so a larger percentage are thus designated.
In the U.S., "professors" commonly occupy any of several positions in academia, typically the ranks of assistant professor, associate professor, or professor. The same terms are used outside the U.S., although they often denote different roles than in the U.S. system.

Doctor of Philosophy

Ph.D.PhDPh.D
In these areas, professors are scholars with doctorate degrees (typically Ph.D. degrees) or equivalent qualifications who teach in four-year colleges and universities.
The completion of a PhD is often a requirement for employment as a university professor, researcher, or scientist in many fields.

Emeritus

professor emeritusemeritus professorprofessor emerita
An emeritus professor is a title given to selected retired professors with whom the university wishes to continue to be associated due to their stature and ongoing research.
Emeritus, in its current usage, is an adjective used to designate a retired professor, pastor, bishop, pope, director, president, prime minister, rabbi, or other person.

Chancellor (education)

Chancellorvice-chancellorPresident
In many universities, 'full professors' take on senior managerial roles, leading departments, research teams and institutes, and filling roles such as president, principal or vice-chancellor.
Examples of these include the appointment of new professors and docents.

Reader (academic rank)

ReaderreadershipReaders
In Australia, the title associate professor is used in place of the term reader as used in the United Kingdom and other Commonwealth countries; ranking above senior lecturer and below full professor.
Reader is similar to a professor without a chair, similar to the distinction between professor extraordinarius and professor ordinarius at some European universities, professor and chaired professor in Hong Kong and "professor name" (or associate professor) and chaired professor in Ireland.

Honorary title (academic)

honorary fellowhonorary professorHonorary Fellowship
Beyond holding the proper academic title, universities in many countries also give notable artists, athletes and foreign dignitaries the title honorary professor, even if these persons do not have the academic qualifications typically necessary for professorship and they do not take up professorial duties.
Examples of such titles are Honorary Professor, Honorary Fellow, Honorary Senior Research Fellow, Honorary Reader, Honorary Lecturer (normally applies to non-teaching staff, who give occasional lectures), Visiting Fellow (normally applies to students carrying out further studies and research programmes), Industrial Fellow.

Teacher education

teacher trainingeducationteacher preparation
Professors in teacher education sometimes earn less than they would if they were still elementary classroom teachers.

Scholar

scholarsindependent scholarprivate scholar
Many colleges and universities and other institutions of higher learning throughout the world follow a similar hierarchical ranking structure amongst scholars in academia; the list above provides details.
Many scholars are also professors engaged in the teaching of others.

Indiana Jones

title characterDr. Indiana JonesIndy
An example of a fictional professor not depicted as shy or absent-minded is Indiana Jones, a professor as well as an archeologist-adventurer, who is skilled at both scholarship and fighting.
His research is funded by Marshall College (named after producer Frank Marshall), a fictional college in Connecticut, where he is a professor of archaeology.

Professor Frink

Professor John FrinkProf. FrinkProfessor John Frink Jr.
A variation of this type of non-academic professor is the "crackpot inventor", as portrayed by Professor Potts in the film version of Chitty Chitty Bang Bang or the Jerry Lewis-inspired Professor Frink character on The Simpsons.
Frink is Springfield's nerdy scientist and professor and is extremely intelligent, though somewhat mad and socially inept.

Gilligan's Island

Gilligan’s Islandboating accident that led to the disappearanceclassic series
The character generally referred to simply as the Professor on the television sit com series, Gilligan's Island, although described alternatively as a high-school science teacher or research scientist, is depicted as a sensible advisor, a clever inventor, and a helpful friend to his fellow castaways.
Russell Johnson is Professor Roy Hinkley, Ph.D. Actor John Gabriel was originally cast, but the network thought he looked too young to have all the degrees attributed to the Professor. Actually, "the Professor" was in fact a high school science teacher, not a university professor. In the first episode, the radio announcer describes him as a research scientist and well known scoutmaster. Johnson, who served as a bombardier in the Pacific during World War II, stated that he had some difficulty remembering his more technically oriented lines. Originally, he was not interested in the role, and was waiting for a TV show of his own, but his agent talked him into auditioning. He had done previous movies like It Came from Outer Space, This Island Earth, and a classic western where he shot Ronald Reagan in the shoulder. Johnson's role in the series was spoofed in a Bloom County comic strip for the Professor's technical expertise being unable to get the castaways off the island. This odd contradiction was played up in "Weird Al" Yankovic's parody song, "Isle Thing", when the Professor, who is brilliant enough to "make a nuclear reactor from a couple of coconuts" cannot "build a lousy raft".

Lecturer

university lecturerlectureshipassistant lecturer
This position is below reader and professor.

Habilitation

habilitatedvenia legendihabilitation thesis
Habilitation
It has practically disappeared amongst most Brazilian HEIs, but it is still required at a few institutions for admissions as a Professor (Professor Titular).

Doctorate

doctoraldoctoral degreedoctorate degree
It qualifies the owner to teach at German universities (facultas docendi). The holder of a Habilitation receives the authorization to teach a certain subject (venia legendi). This has been the traditional prerequisite for attaining Privatdozent (PD) and employment as a full university Professor.

Annalise Keating

Annalise
Annalise Keating (played by Viola Davis) from the American Broadcasting Company (ABC) legal drama mystery television series How to Get Away with Murder is a law professor at the fictional Middleton University.

Doctor of Sacred Theology

S.T.D.doctorate in theologyDoctorate in Sacred Theology
Sacrae Theologiae Professor (S.T.P.) – degree now awarded as S.T.D. or Doctor of Divinity (D.D.)
This degree has sometimes been referred to as Sacrae Theologiae Professor (STP), "Professor of Sacred Theology", even when the individuals holding it were not professors in the present-day sense of the word.

Academy

academicacademiaacademics
Many colleges and universities and other institutions of higher learning throughout the world follow a similar hierarchical ranking structure amongst scholars in academia; the list above provides details.
In the United States, the term academic is approximately synonymous with that of the job title professor although in recent decades a growing number of institutions include librarians in the category of "academic staff."

Scholarly method

scholarscholarlyscholars
Scholarly method
Professor

Education

teachingeducationaleducationist
Managing teaching, research and publications in their departments (in countries where a professor is head of a department);
Instructors in post-secondary institutions might be called teachers, instructors, or professors, depending on the type of institution; and they primarily teach only their specific discipline.

University

universitiesresearch universitiescollege
In these areas, professors are scholars with doctorate degrees (typically Ph.D. degrees) or equivalent qualifications who teach in four-year colleges and universities. Many colleges and universities and other institutions of higher learning throughout the world follow a similar hierarchical ranking structure amongst scholars in academia; the list above provides details. Professor (commonly abbreviated as Prof.) is an academic rank at universities and other post-secondary education and research institutions in most countries.

Latin

Lat.Latin languagelat
Literally, professor derives from Latin as a "person who professes" being usually an expert in arts or sciences, a teacher of the highest rank.

Expert

expertiseexpertsspecialist
Literally, professor derives from Latin as a "person who professes" being usually an expert in arts or sciences, a teacher of the highest rank.

Professor (highest academic rank)

Professorfull professorchair
In most systems of academic ranks the word "Professor" only refers to the most senior academic position, sometimes informally known as "full professor".

Associate professor

AssociateProfessorassociate professors
In some countries or institutions, the word professor is also used in titles of lower ranks such as associate professor and assistant professor; this is particularly the case in the United States, where the word professor is sometimes used colloquially to refer to anyone in an academic post.