Profumo affair

Profumo scandalProfumosex scandala security scandalBritish politician sexcontroversial personal lifedisgrace in 1963he Profumo AffairJohn ProfumoJohn Profumo affair
The Profumo affair was a British political scandal that originated with a brief sexual relationship in 1961 between John Profumo, the Secretary of State for War in Harold Macmillan's Conservative government, and Christine Keeler, a 19-year-old would-be model.wikipedia
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John Profumo

John Profumo, 5th Baron ProfumoProfumoProfumo affair
The Profumo affair was a British political scandal that originated with a brief sexual relationship in 1961 between John Profumo, the Secretary of State for War in Harold Macmillan's Conservative government, and Christine Keeler, a 19-year-old would-be model.
The scandal, which became known as the Profumo affair, led to his resignation from the Conservative government of Harold Macmillan.

Harold Macmillan

MacmillanHarold Macmillan, 1st Earl of StocktonMacmillan Government
The Profumo affair was a British political scandal that originated with a brief sexual relationship in 1961 between John Profumo, the Secretary of State for War in Harold Macmillan's Conservative government, and Christine Keeler, a 19-year-old would-be model.
Near the end of his premiership, his government was rocked by the Vassall and Profumo scandals, which to some, especially the rebellious youth of the 1960s, seemed to symbolise the moral decay of the British establishment.

1964 United Kingdom general election

19641964 general election1964 election
His Conservative Party was marked by the scandal, which may have contributed to its defeat by the Labour Party in the 1964 general election.
Despite initial popularity and a resounding election victory in 1959, he had become increasingly unpopular in the early-1960s, and while it was for a while thought likely that the Conservatives would win the scheduled 1964 general election, albeit with a reduced majority, the emergence of the Profumo affair in March 1963 and Macmillan's handling of the matter all but destroyed the credibility of his government.

Stephen Ward

Dr Stephen WardStephen Ward, DO
Keeler knew both Profumo and Ivanov through her friendship with Stephen Ward, an osteopath and socialite who had taken her under his wing.
Stephen Thomas Ward (19 October 1912 – 3 August 1963) was an English osteopath and artist who was one of the central figures in the 1963 Profumo affair, a British political scandal which brought about the resignation of John Profumo, the Secretary of State for War, and contributed to the defeat of the Conservative government a year later.

Christine Keeler

Keeler
The Profumo affair was a British political scandal that originated with a brief sexual relationship in 1961 between John Profumo, the Secretary of State for War in Harold Macmillan's Conservative government, and Christine Keeler, a 19-year-old would-be model.
This incident discredited the Conservative government of Harold Macmillan in 1963 in what became known as the Profumo affair.

Mandy Rice-Davies

Perceiving himself as a scapegoat for the misdeeds of others, Ward took a fatal overdose during the final stages of his trial, which found him guilty of living off the immoral earnings of Keeler and her friend Mandy Rice-Davies. She left Ward after a few months to become the mistress of the property dealer Peter Rachman, and later shared lodgings with Mandy Rice-Davies, a fellow Murray's Club dancer three years her junior.
Marilyn Davies, known as Mandy Rice-Davies (21 October 1944 – 18 December 2014) was a Welsh model and showgirl best known for her association with Christine Keeler and her role in the Profumo affair, which discredited the Conservative government of British Prime Minister Harold Macmillan in 1963.

Tom Denning, Baron Denning

Lord DenningLord Denning MRDenning
An inquiry into the affair by a senior judge, Lord Denning, indicated that there had been no breaches of security arising from the Ivanov connection, although Denning's report was later condemned as superficial and unsatisfactory.
Denning was one of the most publicly known judges thanks to his report on the Profumo Affair.

Yevgeny Ivanov (spy)

Yevgeny IvanovEugene IvanovYevgeni Ivanov
When the Profumo–Keeler affair was first revealed, public interest was heightened by reports that Keeler may have been simultaneously involved with Captain Yevgeny Ivanov, a Soviet naval attaché, thereby creating a possible security risk.
His affair with Christine Keeler resulted in another of her lovers, John Profumo, resigning from the United Kingdom government, in what became known as the Profumo affair.

John Vassall

VassallVassall spy caseWilliam John Vassall
In the early 1960s British news media were dominated by several high-profile spying stories: the breaking of the Portland spy ring in 1961, the capture and sentencing of George Blake in the same year and, in 1962, the case of the Admiralty clerk, John Vassall, blackmailed into spying by the Soviets who threatened to expose his homosexuality.
The Vassall scandal greatly embarrassed the Macmillan government, but was soon eclipsed by the more dramatic Profumo affair.

Labour Party (UK)

Labour PartyLabourBritish Labour Party
His Conservative Party was marked by the scandal, which may have contributed to its defeat by the Labour Party in the 1964 general election.
A downturn in the economy and a series of scandals in the early 1960s (the most notorious being the Profumo affair) had engulfed the Conservative government by 1963.

Cliveden

Cliveden HouseCliveden HotelCliveden-on-Thames
She often spent weekends at a riverside cottage that Ward rented on Astor's country estate, Cliveden, in Buckinghamshire.
Later, during the early 1960s, it became the setting for key events of the notorious Profumo Affair.

Valerie Hobson

Valerie Profumo
After his marriage in 1954 to Valerie Hobson, one of Britain's leading film actresses, he may have conducted casual affairs, using late-night parliamentary sittings as his cover.
After Profumo's ministerial career ended in disgrace in 1963, following revelations he had lied to the House of Commons about his affair with Christine Keeler, Hobson stood by him, and they worked together for charity for the remainder of her life, though she did miss their more public personas.

Aloysius Gordon

Lucky GordonAloysius "Lucky" Gordon
At the Rio Café they encountered Aloysius "Lucky" Gordon, a Jamaican jazz singer with a history of violence and petty crime.
Aloysius "Lucky" Gordon (5 July 1931 – 15 March 2017) was a British-based Jamaican jazz singer who came to public attention during the Profumo Affair.

Johnny Edgecombe

John Edgecombe
On her return, to counter Gordon's threats, Keeler formed a relationship with Johnny Edgecombe, an ex-merchant seaman from Antigua, with whom she lived for a while in Brentford, just west of London.
involvement with Christine Keeler inadvertently alerted authorities to the Profumo Affair.

Toynbee Hall

Toynbee Hall and University SettlementToynbee Studios
Profumo subsequently sought private atonement as a volunteer worker at Toynbee Hall, an East London charitable trust.
John Profumo dedicated much of his time to the Hall from the 1960s onwards after the Profumo Affair forced him out of politics

George Wigg, Baron Wigg

George WiggGeorge Edward Cecil WiggThe Lord Wigg
His performance was watched with a critical eye by his opposition counterpart George Wigg, a former regular soldier.
According to veteran Press Association reporter Chris Moncrieff, Wigg was unpopular with Labour MPs but managed to use procedure to place the Profumo affair on the record in Parliament and led the pursuit of Profumo which ultimately resulted in the latter's resignation.

Peter Rachman

Rachmanism
She left Ward after a few months to become the mistress of the property dealer Peter Rachman, and later shared lodgings with Mandy Rice-Davies, a fellow Murray's Club dancer three years her junior.
Rachman did not achieve general notoriety until after his death, when the Profumo Affair of 1963 hit the headlines and it emerged that both Christine Keeler and Mandy Rice-Davies had been his mistresses, and that he had owned the mews house in Marylebone where Rice-Davies and Keeler had stayed.

William Astor, 3rd Viscount Astor

William AstorLord Astor3rd Viscount Astor
There she met many of Ward's friends, among them Lord Astor, a long-time patient who was also a political ally of Profumo.
During the 1963 Profumo Affair, Astor was accused of having an affair with Mandy Rice-Davies.

Sunday Mirror

Sunday PictorialThe Sunday MirrorScottish Sunday Mirror
The Radcliffe tribunal's ongoing inquiry into press behaviour during the Vassall case was making newspapers nervous, and only two showed interest in Keeler's story: the Sunday Pictorial and the News of the World.
One of the earliest stories covered by the newly named paper was the Profumo Affair, which was catastrophic for the government of the day.

Baron Profumo

'Jack' Profumo inherited this peerage, the title of Baron Profumo, upon his father's death on 27 March 1940.
John Dennis Profumo, 5th Baron Profumo, British politician known for the Profumo affair (1915-2006)

News of the World

The News of the WorldIrish News of the WorldFabulous Magazine
The Radcliffe tribunal's ongoing inquiry into press behaviour during the Vassall case was making newspapers nervous, and only two showed interest in Keeler's story: the Sunday Pictorial and the News of the World.
Murdoch came under severe criticism in a television interview with David Frost after in late summer 1969 the newspaper published extracts from the memoirs of Christine Keeler, who had been a central figure of the Profumo scandal which had emerged to public scrutiny in 1963.

Harold Wilson

Wilsonwhite heat of technologySir Harold Wilson
The newly elected leader of the opposition Labour Party, Harold Wilson, was initially advised by his colleagues to have nothing to do with Wigg's private dossier on the Profumo rumours.
Labour's 1964 election campaign was aided by the Profumo Affair, a ministerial sex scandal that had mortally wounded Harold Macmillan and hurt the Conservatives.

Alec Douglas-Home

Sir Alec Douglas-HomeLord HomeThe Earl of Home
His successor as prime minister was Lord Home, who renounced his peerage and served as Sir Alec Douglas-Home.
The Conservative Party, in office since 1951, had lost standing as a result of the Profumo affair, a sexual scandal involving a defence minister in 1963, and at the time of Home's appointment as Prime Minister seemed headed for heavy electoral defeat.

Scandal (1989 film)

Scandal1989Scandal'' (1989 film)
The 1989 film Scandal, featuring Ian McKellen as Profumo and John Hurt as Ward, was favourably reviewed. The revival of interest in the affair upset the Profumo family.
Scandal is a 1989 British drama film, a fictionalised account of the Profumo affair that rocked the government of British prime minister Harold Macmillan.

Dolphin Square

DolphinDolphin Square Health Club
In November Keeler left Wimpole Mews and moved to a flat in Dolphin Square, overlooking the Thames at Pimlico, where she entertained friends and perhaps clients.
Other notable residents have included: comedians Ben Lyon and Bud Flanagan; actor Peter Finch; writer Radclyffe Hall; former Lord Chief Justice Lord Goddard; journalist Norman Cliff; tennis writer Bud Collins; Anne, Princess Royal; Profumo affair topless showgirls Christine Keeler and Mandy Rice-Davies.