Prohibition

prohibition of alcoholalcohol prohibitiondryprohibitionistprohibitedProhibition erabanneddry lawprohibitioniststemperance
Prohibition is the act or practice of forbidding something by law; more particularly the term refers to the banning of the manufacture, storage (whether in barrels or in bottles), transportation, sale, possession, and consumption of alcoholic beverages.wikipedia
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Alcoholic drink

alcoholic beveragealcoholalcoholic beverages
Prohibition is the act or practice of forbidding something by law; more particularly the term refers to the banning of the manufacture, storage (whether in barrels or in bottles), transportation, sale, possession, and consumption of alcoholic beverages.
Some countries ban such activities entirely, but alcoholic drinks are legal in most parts of the world.

List of countries with alcohol prohibition

Some countriesa number of Muslim countriessome regions
In some countries where the dominant religion forbids the use of alcohol, the production, sale, and consumption of alcoholic beverages is prohibited or restricted today.
The following countries have or had comprehensive prohibitions against alcohol. Particularly the term refers to the banning of the manufacture, storage (whether in barrels or in bottles), transportation, sale, possession, and consumption of alcoholic beverages.

Chicago

Chicago, IllinoisChicago, ILCity of Chicago
Chicago became notorious as a haven for prohibition dodgers during the time known as the Roaring Twenties.
This ushered in the beginning of what is known as the Gangster Era, a time that roughly spans from 1919 until 1933 when Prohibition was repealed.

Temperance movement

temperancetemperance societyTemperance Hall
The Nordic countries, with the exception of Denmark, have had a strong temperance movement since the late 1800s, closely linked to the Christian revival movement of the late 19th century, but also to several worker organisations.
Typically the movement promotes alcohol education, as well as demands new laws against the selling of alcohols, or those regulating the availability of alcohol, or those completely prohibiting it. During the 19th and early 20th centuries, the Temperance Movement became prominent in many countries, particularly English-speaking and Scandinavian ones, and it led to Prohibition in the United States from 1920 to 1933.

1922 Swedish prohibition referendum

1922prohibition referendumreferendum in 1922
A referendum in 1922 rejected an attempt to enforce total prohibition.
A non-binding referendum on prohibition of alcohol was held in Sweden on 27 August 1922.

Prohibition in Iceland

bannedbanned until 1989Beer Day
In 1915, Iceland instituted total prohibition.
Prohibition in Iceland went into effect in 1915 and lasted, to some extent, until 1 March 1989 (since celebrated as "Beer Day").

1926 Norwegian continued prohibition referendum

1926 referendumnew referendum in 1926Norway (1916–1927)
the ban of distilled beverages was also lifted.
A consultative and facultative referendum on continuing with prohibition was held in Norway on 18 October 1926.

Alcohol monopoly

alcoholic beverage retailing monopolymonopoly companyalcohol
There are government monopolies in place for selling spirits, wine, and stronger beers in Norway (Vinmonopolet), Finland (Alko), Sweden (Systembolaget), Iceland (Vínbúðin), and the Faroe Islands (Rúsdrekkasøla Landsins).
It can be used as an alternative for total prohibition of alcohol.

2012 Czech Republic methanol poisonings

2012 methanol poisoningsmethanol affair
Since the beginning of the "methanol affair" the total number of deaths has increased to 25.
On 14 September, the ban was extended to any sale of all alcoholic beverages with an alcohol content above 20% vol.

2013 Philippine general election

Philippine general election2013 general election2013 elections
In the 2010 elections, the liquor ban was a minimum two days; in the 2013 elections, there was a proposal that it be extended to five days.
The commission also issued an "expanded" liquor ban: instead of banning intoxicating substances on election day and election eve, the commission included the four days preceding the election.

Alko

Oy Alkoholiliike Ab
There are government monopolies in place for selling spirits, wine, and stronger beers in Norway (Vinmonopolet), Finland (Alko), Sweden (Systembolaget), Iceland (Vínbúðin), and the Faroe Islands (Rúsdrekkasøla Landsins).
Many of these date back to the first products launched after the end of prohibition in Finland.

1931 Finnish prohibition referendum

Finnish prohibition referendumFinland (1919–1932)referendum
After a development similar to the one in the United States during its prohibition, with large-scale smuggling and increasing violence and crime rates, public opinion turned against the prohibition, and after a national referendum where 70% voted for a repeal of the law, prohibition was ended in early 1932.
A referendum on prohibition was held in Finland on 29 and 30 December 1931.

Kansas

KSState of KansasKansan
Kansas and Maine were early adopters of statewide prohibition.
In response to demands of Methodists and other evangelical Protestants, in 1881 Kansas became the first U.S. state to adopt a constitutional amendment prohibiting all alcoholic beverages, which was only repealed in 1948.

Nicholas II of Russia

Nicholas IITsar Nicholas IITsar
Four previous attempts to institute prohibition in the early 20th century had failed due to opposition from the tsar.
War-time prohibition of alcohol was enacted by Nicholas to boost patriotism and productivity, but instead damaged the treasury and funding of the war due to the treasury now being deprived of alcohol taxes.

Progressive Era

ProgressiveProgressive movementProgressives
The League, with the support of evangelical Protestant churches and other Progressive-era reformers continued to press for prohibition legislation.
Significant changes enacted at the national levels included the imposition of an income tax with the Sixteenth Amendment, direct election of Senators with the Seventeenth Amendment, Prohibition with the Eighteenth Amendment, election reforms to stop corruption and fraud, and women's suffrage through the Nineteenth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution.

Association Against the Prohibition Amendment

AAPA
The repeal movement was initiated and financed by the Association Against the Prohibition Amendment, who worked to elect Congressmen who agreed to support repeal.
It was the first group created to fight Prohibition, also known as the 18th Amendment.

Rum-running

bootleggingbootleggerbootleggers
Rum-running or bootlegging became widespread, and organized crime took control of the distribution of alcohol.
Smuggling is usually done to circumvent taxation or prohibition laws within a particular jurisdiction.

Prohibition of drugs

illegal drugdrug prohibitionprohibition
In the early 20th century, many countries had alcohol prohibition.

Invercargill

Invercargill CityInvercargill City CouncilInvercargill suburb
One notable example was the southern city of Invercargill, which was dry from 1907 to 1943.
In December 1905, Invercargill voted in local prohibition of alcohol sales.

Patent medicine

patent medicinestonicnostrums
It was also during this time when patent medicines, many of which contained alcohol, gained popularity.
Until the twentieth century, alcohol was the most controversial ingredient, for it was widely recognised that the "medicines" could continue to be sold for their alleged curative properties even in prohibition states and counties.

Temperance movement in the United States

temperancetemperance movementtemperance activists
By the 1840s the temperance movement was actively encouraging individuals to immediately stop drinking.
Temperance organizations of the United States played an essential role in bringing about ratification of the Eighteenth Amendment of the United States Constitution establishing national prohibition of alcohol.

Quebec

QCQuébécoisQuébec
Prime Minister Wilfrid Laurier's government chose not to introduce a federal bill on prohibition, mindful of the strong antipathy in Quebec.
Montreal's cabarets rose to the forefront of the city's cultural life during the Prohibition era of Canada and the United States in the 1920s.

Teetotalism

teetotalerteetotallerteetotal
Many took a pledge of total abstinence (teetotalism) from drinking distilled liquor as well as beer and wine.
Many Christian groups, such as Methodists, Mormons, and Quakers, are often associated with teetotalism due to their traditionally strong support for temperance movements and prohibition.

Scottish Prohibition Party

prohibitionistScottish ProhibitionScottish Prohibitionist
The Scottish Prohibition Party was a minor Scottish political party which advocated alcohol prohibition.

S. S. Kresge

Kresgehis own chainS.S. Kresge Company
The group's wealthy supporters included John D. Rockefeller, Jr., S. S. Kresge, and the Du Pont family, among others, who had abandoned the dry cause.
A strongly committed prohibitionist, he organized the National Vigilance Committee for Prohibition enforcement and also heavily supported the Anti-Saloon League financially, though he later stopped contributions.