Promontory of Quebec

its promontoryplateauQuebec promontory
In Quebec City, the term promontory of Quebec refers to the area on which is built the upper part of the borough of La Cité-Limoilou, including Old Quebec (where the promontory is referred to as Cap Diamant).wikipedia
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Quebec City

QuebecQuebec City, QuebecQuébec City
In Quebec City, the term promontory of Quebec refers to the area on which is built the upper part of the borough of La Cité-Limoilou, including Old Quebec (where the promontory is referred to as Cap Diamant).
The Algonquian people had originally named the area Kébec, an Algonquin word meaning "where the river narrows", because the Saint Lawrence River narrows proximate to the promontory of Quebec and its Cape Diamant.

Battle of the Plains of Abraham

Siege of QuebecBattle of QuebecQuebec
Although the southern slope is very steep, it was climbed by British soldiers at nighttime in September 1759 so they could take the French by surprise (who were probably expecting Wolfe's troops to arrive through a more convenient path) and engage in the decisive Battle of the Plains of Abraham.
The battle, which began on 13 September 1759, was fought on a plateau by the British Army and Royal Navy against the French Army, just outside the walls of Quebec City on land that was originally owned by a farmer named Abraham Martin, hence the name of the battle.

Cap Diamant

Cape DiamantCape DiamondCap-Diamant
In Quebec City, the term promontory of Quebec refers to the area on which is built the upper part of the borough of La Cité-Limoilou, including Old Quebec (where the promontory is referred to as Cap Diamant). In the vicinity of the Plains of Abraham, just west of Cap Diamant (100 m) of altitude ), the slopes are notable for containing white-cedars growing directly on the rock.
Cap Diamant (English: Cape Diamond) is a cape on an edge of the Promontory of Quebec and on which Quebec City is located, formed by the confluence of a bend in the St. Lawrence River to the south and east, and the much smaller Saint-Charles River to the north.

Cap-Rouge, Quebec City

Cap-RougeSaint-Félix-du-Cap-RougeCap Rouge
Its neutral tint also contrasted with the reddish minerals covering the slopes of the southwestern extremity of the hill, in the locality already named Cap-Rouge (Red Cape).
It mostly sits at the western foot of the Quebec promontory, in the way of the Logan's Line - an inactive fracture in the Earth's crust first documented by William Edmond Logan.

La Cité-Limoilou

LimoilouLa CitéLa Cite
In Quebec City, the term promontory of Quebec refers to the area on which is built the upper part of the borough of La Cité-Limoilou, including Old Quebec (where the promontory is referred to as Cap Diamant).

Old Quebec

Old QuébecVieux-QuébecHistoric District of Old Québec
In Quebec City, the term promontory of Quebec refers to the area on which is built the upper part of the borough of La Cité-Limoilou, including Old Quebec (where the promontory is referred to as Cap Diamant).

Plateau

plateausmountain plateauplateaux
This area covers the eastern half of a larger plateau attested in French as colline or even plate-forme de Québec (Quebec hill).

Sainte-Foy–Sillery–Cap-Rouge

districtSainte-Foy-Sillery-Cap-Rouge
The western portion of this plateau is occupied by upper Sainte-Foy–Sillery–Cap-Rouge (ie.

James Wolfe

General WolfeWolfeGeneral James Wolfe
Although the southern slope is very steep, it was climbed by British soldiers at nighttime in September 1759 so they could take the French by surprise (who were probably expecting Wolfe's troops to arrive through a more convenient path) and engage in the decisive Battle of the Plains of Abraham.

Rockfall

rock fallrock fallsfalling rocks
Its escarpments were historically a challenge for the authorities because of the risk of rockfall and the ways of traveling between upper and lower town.

Old Quebec Funicular

Nowadays, roads, a free escalator (named du Faubourg), the Old Quebec Funicular, and 20 stairs with an official toponym connect downtown with its upper counterpart.

Toponymy

toponymtoponymsplace name
Nowadays, roads, a free escalator (named du Faubourg), the Old Quebec Funicular, and 20 stairs with an official toponym connect downtown with its upper counterpart.

Charles Baillairgé

Charles BaillargéCharles Baillairge Charles
The longest, escalier du Cap-Blanc (398 steps), was designed in wood by noted architect Charles Baillairgé in 1868 (although renovated many times since then) and is the only one that truly goes at the top of the hill, to the south of the Plains of Abraham.

Plains of Abraham

Plains of Abraham MuseumAbraham Martin dit l'Écossaisheights of Abraham
The longest, escalier du Cap-Blanc (398 steps), was designed in wood by noted architect Charles Baillairgé in 1868 (although renovated many times since then) and is the only one that truly goes at the top of the hill, to the south of the Plains of Abraham. In the vicinity of the Plains of Abraham, just west of Cap Diamant (100 m) of altitude ), the slopes are notable for containing white-cedars growing directly on the rock.

Petit Champlain

Breakneck StairsPetit Champlain quarterRue Champlain, Quebec
The shortest real public stair is the Quai-du-Roi in the Petit Champlain quarter, which has 30 (anti-slip) steps.

Quebec rockslide

Québec rocksliderock sliderockslide of 1889
Two events were notable: the rockslide of 1841 (32 deaths) and the rockslide of 1889 (35 deaths), and both seems to have been caused by faulty infrastructures.

Moat

moatsfossemoated
In 1889, a drain from the moat of the Quebec Citadelle became clogged.

Citadelle of Quebec

La CitadelleCitadel of QuebecCitadel
In 1889, a drain from the moat of the Quebec Citadelle became clogged.

Landslide mitigation

mitigationMitigation measuresrockfall mitigation
Mitigation measures such as net fences were however implemented during the 20th century, which drastically reduced the number of incidents.

Sainte-Foy, Quebec City

Sainte-FoySainte-Foy, QuebecSte-Foy, QC
The highest point is located at the centre-west of the hill, in the former city of Sainte-Foy (110 m).

Saint-Charles River

Rivière Saint-CharlesCharles RiverLake St. Charles
Overall, it is bounded to the northeast by the Saint-Charles River and to the south by the Saint Lawrence River.

Saint Lawrence River

St. Lawrence RiverSt Lawrence RiverSt. Lawrence
Overall, it is bounded to the northeast by the Saint-Charles River and to the south by the Saint Lawrence River.

Thuja occidentalis

cedarnorthern white cedarwhite cedar
In the vicinity of the Plains of Abraham, just west of Cap Diamant (100 m) of altitude ), the slopes are notable for containing white-cedars growing directly on the rock.

Innu language

InnuMontagnaisInnu-aimun
This area is called "Cap-Blanc" (fr) (White Cape), which is possibly a translation of a descriptive Innu toponym.

Cape (geography)

capecapesgeographic cape
Before the 20th century, there were less trees on this cape, as rockfalls were more frequent, so the grayish color of the rock was more apparent.