Propinquity

physical or psychological similarityPropinquity effectneighboursproximity
In social psychology, propinquity (from Latin propinquitas, "nearness") is one of the main factors leading to interpersonal attraction.wikipedia
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Interpersonal attraction

attractionattractedChemistry
In social psychology, propinquity (from Latin propinquitas, "nearness") is one of the main factors leading to interpersonal attraction.
The most frequently studied include physical attractiveness, propinquity (frequency of interaction), familiarity, similarity, complementarity, reciprocal liking, and reinforcement.

Leon Festinger

Festingerfailed prophecy
It was first theorized by psychologists Leon Festinger, Stanley Schachter, and Kurt Back in what came to be called the Westgate studies conducted at MIT (1950).
He is also known in social network theory for the proximity effect (or propinquity).

Felicific calculus

Hedonic calculusa calculator to measure happiness and moral valuehedonic or felicific calculus
Propinquity is also one of the factors, set out by Jeremy Bentham, used to measure the amount of (utilitarian) pleasure in a method known as felicific calculus.

The Many Loves of Dobie Gillis

Dobie GillisThalia MenningerBring Me the Head of Dobie Gillis
"Love is a Science" was adapted into a 1959 episode of the Shulman-created TV sitcom The Many Loves of Dobie Gillis, featuring Dobie as its main character and Zelda as a semi-regular, and a 1988 made-for-TV movie based on the series, Bring Me the Head of Dobie Gillis, portrayed Dobie and Zelda as being married.
Zelda did not find Dobie particularly attractive, but fell in love with him because she found him helpless and needing of her care, and also because of the concept of "propinquity" (or nearness; as Gillis and Gilroy, they were typically seated together in class).

Zelda Gilroy

"Love is a Science", a 1959 short story by humorist Max Shulman, features a girl named Zelda Gilroy assuring her science lab tablemate, Dobie Gillis, that he would eventually come to love her through the influence of propinquity, as their similar last names would put them in proximity throughout school.
Zelda assured Dobie that he would eventually come to realize his love for her through the influence of "propinquity": because he was Gillis and she was Gilroy, they were always going to be seated together through high school and college and would eventually fall in love.

Mere-exposure effect

mere exposure effectmere exposureexposure effect
The propinquity effect is usually explained by the mere exposure effect, which holds that the more exposure a stimulus gets, the more likeable it becomes.

Social psychology

social psychologistsocialsocial psychological
In social psychology, propinquity (from Latin propinquitas, "nearness") is one of the main factors leading to interpersonal attraction.

Latin

Latin languageLat.la
In social psychology, propinquity (from Latin propinquitas, "nearness") is one of the main factors leading to interpersonal attraction.

Jeremy Bentham

BenthamBenthamiteBentham, Jeremy
Propinquity is also one of the factors, set out by Jeremy Bentham, used to measure the amount of (utilitarian) pleasure in a method known as felicific calculus.

Utilitarianism

utilitarianutilitariansutilitarian ethics
Propinquity is also one of the factors, set out by Jeremy Bentham, used to measure the amount of (utilitarian) pleasure in a method known as felicific calculus.

Pleasure

pleasantpleasurablerewarding
Propinquity is also one of the factors, set out by Jeremy Bentham, used to measure the amount of (utilitarian) pleasure in a method known as felicific calculus.

Stanley Schachter

Schachter
It was first theorized by psychologists Leon Festinger, Stanley Schachter, and Kurt Back in what came to be called the Westgate studies conducted at MIT (1950).

Massachusetts Institute of Technology

MITM.I.T.Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT)
It was first theorized by psychologists Leon Festinger, Stanley Schachter, and Kurt Back in what came to be called the Westgate studies conducted at MIT (1950).

Euler diagram

EulerEuler diagramsEuler's diagrams
The typical Euler diagram used to represent the propinquity effect is shown below where U = universe, A = set A, B = set B, and S = similarity:

Max Shulman

"Love is a Science", a 1959 short story by humorist Max Shulman, features a girl named Zelda Gilroy assuring her science lab tablemate, Dobie Gillis, that he would eventually come to love her through the influence of propinquity, as their similar last names would put them in proximity throughout school.

Michael Nesmith

Mike NesmithNesmith
Propinquity (I've Just Begun To Care) is a song by Mike Nesmith of The Monkees.

The Monkees

MonkeesMonkeeband
Propinquity (I've Just Begun To Care) is a song by Mike Nesmith of The Monkees.

Nitty Gritty Dirt Band

The Nitty Gritty Dirt BandDirt BandThe Dirt Band
It was first recorded by the Nitty Gritty Dirt Band on their album Uncle Charlie & His Dog Teddy.

Uncle Charlie & His Dog Teddy

It was first recorded by the Nitty Gritty Dirt Band on their album Uncle Charlie & His Dog Teddy.

Freedom (Franzen novel)

FreedomFreedom'' (Franzen novel)
On page 478 of Jonathan Franzen's 2010 novel Freedom, Walter attributes his inability to stop having sex with Lalitha to their "daily propinquity".

Michael Ondaatje

Micheal OndaatjeOndaatje
On page 150 in Michael Ondaatje's novel The English Patient, "He said later it was propinquity. Propinquity in the desert. It does that here, he said. He loved the word – the propinquity of water, the propinquity of two or three bodies in a car driving the Sand Sea for six hours."

The English Patient

English Patientnovel of the same namethe novel
On page 150 in Michael Ondaatje's novel The English Patient, "He said later it was propinquity. Propinquity in the desert. It does that here, he said. He loved the word – the propinquity of water, the propinquity of two or three bodies in a car driving the Sand Sea for six hours."

Ian Fleming

Ian Lancaster FlemingFleming[Ian] Fleming
In Ian Fleming's 1957 James Bond novel Diamonds Are Forever, Felix Leiter tells Bond "Nothing propinks like propinquity."

James Bond

Bond007James Bond 007
In Ian Fleming's 1957 James Bond novel Diamonds Are Forever, Felix Leiter tells Bond "Nothing propinks like propinquity."

Diamonds Are Forever (novel)

Diamonds Are ForevernovelDiamonds Are Forever'' (novel)
In Ian Fleming's 1957 James Bond novel Diamonds Are Forever, Felix Leiter tells Bond "Nothing propinks like propinquity."