Protected area

conservation areaprotected areasprotected landscapeprotectedConservation Areaswildlife management areaconservancynatural parkwildlife areaconservation
Protected areas or conservation areas are locations which receive protection because of their recognized natural, ecological or cultural values.wikipedia
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Transboundary protected area

peace parktransfrontier conservation areainternational park
The term "protected area" also includes marine protected areas, the boundaries of which will include some area of ocean, and transboundary protected areas that overlap multiple countries which remove the borders inside the area for conservation and economic purposes.
A transboundary protected area (TBPA) is an ecological protected area that spans boundaries of more than one country or sub-national entity.

IUCN protected area categories

IUCN protected area categoryCategory III protected areaICategory VI protected area
Through its World Commission on Protected Areas (WCPA), the IUCN has developed six Protected Area Management Categories that define protected areas according to their management objectives, which are internationally recognised by various national governments and the United Nations.
IUCN protected area categories, or IUCN protected area management categories, are categories used to classify protected areas in a system developed by the International Union for the Conservation of Nature (IUCN).

Strict nature reserve

wilderness areaCategory 1bnature reserve
A strict nature reserve (IUCN category Ia) or wilderness area (IUCN category Ib) is the highest category of protected area recognised by the World Commission on Protected Areas (WCPA), a body which is part of the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN).

Indigenous and community conserved area

Community Conservation Areasindigenous conservationcommunity conservation area
Protected areas will usually encompass several other zones that have been deemed important for particular conservation uses, such as Important Bird Areas (IBA) and Endemic Bird Areas (EBA), Centres of Plant Diversity (CPD), Indigenous and Community Conserved Areas (ICCA), Alliance for Zero Extinction Sites (AZE) and Key Biodiversity Areas (KBA) among others.
ICCAs may or may not fit the IUCN definition of “protected area” but, when they do, they can fall into any IUCN protected area categories.

World Commission on Protected Areas

IUCN World Commission on Protected AreasWCPAcategory 2 national park
Through its World Commission on Protected Areas (WCPA), the IUCN has developed six Protected Area Management Categories that define protected areas according to their management objectives, which are internationally recognised by various national governments and the United Nations.

International Union for Conservation of Nature

IUCNInternational Union for the Conservation of NatureWorld Conservation Union
Through its World Commission on Protected Areas (WCPA), the IUCN has developed six Protected Area Management Categories that define protected areas according to their management objectives, which are internationally recognised by various national governments and the United Nations. The definition that has been widely accepted across regional and global frameworks has been provided by the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) in its categorisation guidelines for protected areas.
According to its website, IUCN works on the following themes: business, climate change, economics, ecosystems, environmental law, forest conservation, gender, global policy, marine and polar, protected areas, science and knowledge, social policy, species, water and world heritage.

Natura 2000

Natura 2000 NetworkEU environmental protectionNatura2000
Natura 2000 is a network of protected areas established by the European Union across all Member States.
Natura 2000 is a network of nature protection areas in the territory of the European Union.

Africa

African continentAfricanAfrican politics
Moreover, the idea of protection of special places is universal: for example, it occurs among the communities in the Pacific ("tapu" areas) and in parts of Africa (sacred groves).
Africa has over 3,000 protected areas, with 198 marine protected areas, 50 biosphere reserves, and 80 wetlands reserves.

Centres of Plant Diversity

Centre of Plant Diversity
Protected areas will usually encompass several other zones that have been deemed important for particular conservation uses, such as Important Bird Areas (IBA) and Endemic Bird Areas (EBA), Centres of Plant Diversity (CPD), Indigenous and Community Conserved Areas (ICCA), Alliance for Zero Extinction Sites (AZE) and Key Biodiversity Areas (KBA) among others.
Many CPD's are enlisted as a part of a legally protected area though they do not necessarily have legal protection automatically assigned to them.

Biosphere reserves of India

Biosphere Reservebiosphere reserves18 biosphere reserves
Protected areas of India include National parks, Wildlife sanctuaries, Biosphere reserves, Reserved and protected forests, Conservation and community reserves, Communal forests, Private protected areas and Conservation areas.
The Indian government has established 14 biosphere reserves in India, (categories roughly corresponding to IUCN Category V Protected areas), which protect larger areas of natural habitat (than a National Park or Animal Sanctuary), and often include one or more National Parks or preserves, along with buffer zones that are open to some economic uses.

National park

national parksnationalNP
Protected areas of India include National parks, Wildlife sanctuaries, Biosphere reserves, Reserved and protected forests, Conservation and community reserves, Communal forests, Private protected areas and Conservation areas.
An international organization, the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN), and its World Commission on Protected Areas (WCPA), has defined "National Park" as its Category II type of protected areas.

Protected areas of India

List of protected areas of Indiaprotected areaprotected areas
Protected areas of India include National parks, Wildlife sanctuaries, Biosphere reserves, Reserved and protected forests, Conservation and community reserves, Communal forests, Private protected areas and Conservation areas.
Conservation areas: Conservation areas are large, well-designated geographical entities where landscape conservation is undergoing, and usually contains different kinds of constituent protected areas, as well as privately owned land.

Private protected areas of India

private game reserveprivate hunting groundsPrivate protected areas
Protected areas of India include National parks, Wildlife sanctuaries, Biosphere reserves, Reserved and protected forests, Conservation and community reserves, Communal forests, Private protected areas and Conservation areas.
Private protected areas of India refer to protected areas inside India whose land rights are owned by an individual or a corporation / organization, and where the habitat and resident species are offered some kind of protection from exploitative activities like hunting, logging, etc. The Government of India did not provide any legal or physical protection to such entities, but in an important amendment introduced by the Wildlife (Protection) Amendment Act of 2002, has agreed to protect communally owned areas of ecological value.

Important Bird Area

Important Bird AreasIBASites
Protected areas will usually encompass several other zones that have been deemed important for particular conservation uses, such as Important Bird Areas (IBA) and Endemic Bird Areas (EBA), Centres of Plant Diversity (CPD), Indigenous and Community Conserved Areas (ICCA), Alliance for Zero Extinction Sites (AZE) and Key Biodiversity Areas (KBA) among others.

Alliance for Zero Extinction

Alliance for Zero Extinction Sites
Protected areas will usually encompass several other zones that have been deemed important for particular conservation uses, such as Important Bird Areas (IBA) and Endemic Bird Areas (EBA), Centres of Plant Diversity (CPD), Indigenous and Community Conserved Areas (ICCA), Alliance for Zero Extinction Sites (AZE) and Key Biodiversity Areas (KBA) among others.

Key Biodiversity Area

Key Biodiversity AreasEcologically or Biologically Significant Area
Protected areas will usually encompass several other zones that have been deemed important for particular conservation uses, such as Important Bird Areas (IBA) and Endemic Bird Areas (EBA), Centres of Plant Diversity (CPD), Indigenous and Community Conserved Areas (ICCA), Alliance for Zero Extinction Sites (AZE) and Key Biodiversity Areas (KBA) among others.

Conservation refugee

conservation refugeesexpelled from the forest and placed in settlements
Conservation refugees are people (usually indigenous) who are displaced from their native lands when conservation areas, such as parks and other protected areas, are created.

Crisis ecoregion

Crisis Ecoregions
Likewise, a protected area or an entire network of protected areas may lie within a larger geographic zone that is recognised as a terrestrial or marine ecoregions (see, Global 200), or a crisis ecoregions for example.

Indigenous Protected Area

Aboriginal reserveIndigenous Protected AreasAboriginal reserves
An Indigenous Protected Area is a class of protected area used in Australia formed by agreement with Indigenous Australians, declared by Indigenous Australians, and formally recognised by the Australian Government as being part of its National Reserve System.

Marine protected area

marine protected areasmarine sanctuarymarine reserves
The term "protected area" also includes marine protected areas, the boundaries of which will include some area of ocean, and transboundary protected areas that overlap multiple countries which remove the borders inside the area for conservation and economic purposes.
Marine protected areas (MPA) are protected areas of seas, oceans, estuaries or in the US, the Great Lakes.

Nature reserve

biosphere reservenature preservewildlife sanctuary
It is a protected area of importance for flora, fauna, or features of geological or other special interest, which is reserved and managed for purposes of conservation and to provide special opportunities for study or research.

List of largest protected areas

List of largest protected areas in the worldlargest protected areasworld's largest protected areas
It uses the IUCN and CBD definitions of protected areas to determine whether a site should be included in the WDPA.

World Database on Protected Areas

WDPAWDPA ID
The World Database on Protected Areas (WDPA) is the largest assembly of data on the world's terrestrial and marine protected areas, containing more than 200,000 protected areas as of October 2017, with records covering 245 countries and territories throughout the world.

Private protected area

private conservationPrivate reserves
O Parks, Wildlife, and Recreation is a Private Protected Area, also known as a 'Private Reserve' predominantly managed for biodiversity conservation, protected without formal government recognition and is owned and stewarded by the O corporation International.
A Private Protected Area, also known as a Private Reserve, is not an official category within IUCN's Protected Area guidelines, but includes those protected areas that fall under geographical space that is privately owned, 'kept aside' for public benefit, and will be likely to fall into any one of the IUCN Protected Area Management Categories.

Zakaznik

protected areaprotected natural area
Zakaznik (зака́зник, зака́зники, transliterated: zakaznik, zakazniki; singular: заказни́к or зака́зник; plural: заказники́ or зака́зники, transliterated: zakaznyk, zakaznyky; Belarusian: заказнік, заказнікі, transliterated: zakaznik, zakazniki) is a type of protected area in former Soviet republics such as Belarus, Russia, Ukraine that meets World Conservation Union's (IUCN) [[IUCN Protected Area Management Categories#Category IV — Habitat/Species Management Area|category IV]], or more frequently [[IUCN Protected Area Management Categories#Category VI .E2.80.93 Protected Area with sustainable use of natural resources|category VI]] criteria.