Protection of Diplomats Convention

Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of Crimes against Internationally Protected Persons, including Diplomatic Agentsinternationally protected personsConvention on the Prevention and Punishment of Crimes Against Internationally Protected Personsinternationally protected person
The Protection of Diplomats Convention (formally, the Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of Crimes against Internationally Protected Persons, including Diplomatic Agents) is a United Nations anti-terrorism treaty that codifies some of the traditional principles on the necessity of protecting diplomats.wikipedia
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Head of government

heads of governmentgovernmentchief executive
"Internationally protected persons" is a term created by the convention, and refers explicitly to heads of state, heads of government, foreign ministers, ambassadors, other official diplomats, and members of their families.
"Head of government" is often differentiated from "head of state" (as in article 7 of the Vienna Convention on the Law of Treaties, article 1 of the Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of Crimes against Internationally Protected Persons, including Diplomatic Agents and the United Nations protocol list), as they may be separate positions, individuals, or roles depending on the country.

Aut dedere aut judicare

A central provision of the convention is the principle of aut dedere aut judicare—that a party to the treaty must either (1) prosecute a person who commits an offence against an internationally protected person or (2) send the person to another state that requests his or her extradition for prosecution of the same crime.

United Nations

UNU.N.the United Nations
The Protection of Diplomats Convention (formally, the Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of Crimes against Internationally Protected Persons, including Diplomatic Agents) is a United Nations anti-terrorism treaty that codifies some of the traditional principles on the necessity of protecting diplomats.

Counter-terrorism

counterterrorismanti-terrorismcounter-terrorist
The Protection of Diplomats Convention (formally, the Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of Crimes against Internationally Protected Persons, including Diplomatic Agents) is a United Nations anti-terrorism treaty that codifies some of the traditional principles on the necessity of protecting diplomats.

Multilateral treaty

treatymultilateralmultilateral agreement
The Protection of Diplomats Convention (formally, the Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of Crimes against Internationally Protected Persons, including Diplomatic Agents) is a United Nations anti-terrorism treaty that codifies some of the traditional principles on the necessity of protecting diplomats.

Diplomat

diplomatic representativestatesmanemissary
The Protection of Diplomats Convention (formally, the Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of Crimes against Internationally Protected Persons, including Diplomatic Agents) is a United Nations anti-terrorism treaty that codifies some of the traditional principles on the necessity of protecting diplomats.

United Nations General Assembly

General AssemblyUN General AssemblyGeneral Assembly of the United Nations
The convention was adopted as a resolution of the United Nations General Assembly on 14 December 1973 in response to a series of kidnappings and murders of diplomatic agents, beginning in the 1960s.

International Law Commission

United Nations International Law CommissionUnited Nations Law CommissionInternational Law Commission of the United Nations
It was drafted by the International Law Commission (ILC), which began work on it in 1971.

Diplomatic mission

embassyembassiesdiplomatic missions
Parties to the convention agree to criminalise the commission of murders or kidnappings of internationally protected persons as well as violent attacks against the official premises, private accommodation, or means of transport of such persons.

Head of state

heads of stateChief of Stateheads of states
"Internationally protected persons" is a term created by the convention, and refers explicitly to heads of state, heads of government, foreign ministers, ambassadors, other official diplomats, and members of their families.

Foreign minister

Minister of Foreign AffairsForeign MinistryMinister for Foreign Affairs
"Internationally protected persons" is a term created by the convention, and refers explicitly to heads of state, heads of government, foreign ministers, ambassadors, other official diplomats, and members of their families.

Ambassador

Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiaryambassadorscultural ambassador
"Internationally protected persons" is a term created by the convention, and refers explicitly to heads of state, heads of government, foreign ministers, ambassadors, other official diplomats, and members of their families.

Extradition

extraditedextraditeextradition treaty
A central provision of the convention is the principle of aut dedere aut judicare—that a party to the treaty must either (1) prosecute a person who commits an offence against an internationally protected person or (2) send the person to another state that requests his or her extradition for prosecution of the same crime.

Member states of the United Nations

UN member statesUnited Nations member statesmember states
As of October 2016, it has been ratified by 180 state parties, which includes 177 United Nations member states plus the Holy See, Niue and the State of Palestine.

Holy See

VaticanRomethe Vatican
As of October 2016, it has been ratified by 180 state parties, which includes 177 United Nations member states plus the Holy See, Niue and the State of Palestine.

Niue

Niue IslandNiue-FekaiNiueans
As of October 2016, it has been ratified by 180 state parties, which includes 177 United Nations member states plus the Holy See, Niue and the State of Palestine.

State of Palestine

PalestinePalestinianPalestinian state
As of October 2016, it has been ratified by 180 state parties, which includes 177 United Nations member states plus the Holy See, Niue and the State of Palestine.

International and Comparative Law Quarterly

International & Comparative Law QuarterlyJournal of Comparative Legislation and International LawBritish Institute of International and Comparative Law

Australian Protective Service

Australian Federal Police Protective Service
It was initially responsible for protecting personnel and property of the Australian government; foreign diplomatic missions and Internationally Protected Persons (IPPs); and the provision of custodial services at immigration detention centres.

Political offence exception

defence that these were political offencespolitical offensedefence of 'political offence
An early draft of the 1973 Protection of Diplomats Convention attempted to take a stronger step in prohibiting consideration of an alleged offender's motives, but this language was deleted from the final version of the treaty.