Protection of Wrecks Act 1973

Protection of Wrecks Actprotected wreckFalkland Islands Protection of Wrecks Actprotected wrecksiteFalkland Islands Protection of Wrecks Ordinance 1977Falkland Islands Protection of Wrecks Ordnance 1977protect historic wrecksprotected shipwrecksUK legislationwrecks
The Protection of Wrecks Act 1973 (c. 33) is an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom which provides protection for designated shipwrecks.wikipedia
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Shipwreck

shipwreckswreckwrecked
33) is an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom which provides protection for designated shipwrecks.
The British Protection of Wrecks Act, enacted to protect historic wrecks, controls access to wrecks such as Cattewater Wreck which can only be visited or investigated under licence.

Cattewater Wreck

Cattewater
The first wreck to be designated was the Cattewater Wreck at Plymouth, in 1973.
Based on the assessments the site was recommended for designation under the British Protection of Wrecks Act 1973 and the site was designated under order No 1.

Scheduled monument

Scheduled Ancient Monumentscheduledscheduled monuments
According to the 1979 Act, a monument cannot be a structure which is occupied as a dwelling, used as a place of worship or protected under the Protection of Wrecks Act 1973.

SS Castilian

SS ''Castilian
These are the SS Richard Montgomery (designated in 1973), and the SS Castilian (designated in 1997), in both cases due to containing large amounts of explosives.
In 1997 the location of the wreck on East Platters Rocks was designated under section 2 of the Protection of Wrecks Act 1973 with a 500 m exclusion zone regarding scuba diving activities because of its potentially dangerous cargo.

HMS Coronation (1685)

CoronationHMS ''CoronationCoronation (No 1)
Artefacts from the site of the British warship HMS Coronation, off Penlee Point, were allegedly stolen in 2011, and arrests were made in April 2011 over thefts from the warship HMS London.
She was lost in a storm off Rame Head, Cornwall on 29 October 1690 and is designated as a protected wreck under the Protection of Wrecks Act 1973.

SS Richard Montgomery

SS ''Richard Montgomery
These are the SS Richard Montgomery (designated in 1973), and the SS Castilian (designated in 1997), in both cases due to containing large amounts of explosives.
In 1973 she became the first wreck designated as dangerous under section 2 of the Protection of Wrecks Act 1973.

London (1656 English ship)

HMS ''LondonThe LondonHMS London
Artefacts from the site of the British warship HMS Coronation, off Penlee Point, were allegedly stolen in 2011, and arrests were made in April 2011 over thefts from the warship HMS London.
The site where the remains lie was designated under the Protection of Wrecks Act 1973 on 24 October 2008.

MV Braer

MV ''BraerBraerBraer disaster
The MV Braer was also protected from 1993, until the order was revoked in 1994.
A designation under section 2 of the Protection of Wrecks Act was made on 8 February 1993.

Protection of Military Remains Act 1986

Protection of Military Remains ActMilitary Remains Protected Placesprotected place
All wrecked aircraft and a number of designated military shipwrecks are protected as military maritime graves, i.e. war graves under the Protection of Military Remains Act 1986.
However, HMS Ardent and HMS Antelope were already protected (as prohibited sites because they were considered dangerous) by an order passed in 1983 under the Falkland Islands Protection of Wrecks Ordinance 1977.

HMS Ardent (F184)

HMS ''ArdentArdentHMS ''Ardent'' (F184)
On 20 October 1983, an order was passed under the ordinance, designating the areas around the wrecks of HMS Ardent and HMS Antelope, lying in Falkland Sound and San Carlos Water, respectively as prohibited places under section 4.
The wreck is designated as a prohibited area under the Falkland Islands Protection of Wrecks Act.

HMS Antelope (F170)

HMS ''AntelopeAntelopeHMS ''Antelope'' (F170)
On 20 October 1983, an order was passed under the ordinance, designating the areas around the wrecks of HMS Ardent and HMS Antelope, lying in Falkland Sound and San Carlos Water, respectively as prohibited places under section 4.
The wreck is designated as a prohibited area under the Falkland Islands Protection of Wrecks Act.

Act of Parliament

ActActs of ParliamentActs
33) is an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom which provides protection for designated shipwrecks.

Parliament of the United Kingdom

ParliamentUK ParliamentBritish Parliament
33) is an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom which provides protection for designated shipwrecks.

Admiralty chart

Admiralty chartsAdmiralty Nautical ChartADMIRALTY Maritime Data Solutions
Designated wrecks are marked on admiralty charts and their physical location is sometimes marked by means of a buoy (sea mark).

Sea mark

seamarkBeaconbeacons
Designated wrecks are marked on admiralty charts and their physical location is sometimes marked by means of a buoy (sea mark).

Artifact (archaeology)

artifactsartifactartefacts
Separate licences are required for any disturbance, such as recovery of artifacts or underwater excavation.

Excavation (archaeology)

excavationexcavationsexcavated
Separate licences are required for any disturbance, such as recovery of artifacts or underwater excavation.

Historic England

Historic Buildings and Monuments Commission for EnglandEnglish HeritageHistoric Building and Monuments Commission for England
Licences to survey, visit etc. can be obtained by applying online to Historic England, to Cadw, and Historic Scotland.

Cadw

historic buildingAncient monuments and historic buildingsHeritage in Wales
Licences to survey, visit etc. can be obtained by applying online to Historic England, to Cadw, and Historic Scotland.

Historic Scotland

Historic Environment ScotlandH.S.Historic Scotland Foundation
Licences to survey, visit etc. can be obtained by applying online to Historic England, to Cadw, and Historic Scotland.

Plymouth

Plymouth, EnglandPlymouth, DevonPlymouth City Council
The first wreck to be designated was the Cattewater Wreck at Plymouth, in 1973.

United Kingdom Hydrographic Office

UK Hydrographic OfficeBritish Hydrographic OfficeHydrographic Department
All protected wrecks are listed in the annual Admiralty Notices to Mariners and are marked on United Kingdom Hydrographic Office charts.

Statutory instrument

statutory instrumentsAustralian Statutory InstrumentsSI
A statutory instrument shows the location of the site and also the extent of the restricted protected area.