Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia

Bohemia and MoraviaProtectorateCzech ProtectorateGerman occupationBohemia-MoraviaCzechoslovakiaOccupied CzechoslovakiaBohemia & Moraviaremnants of the Czech stateBohemia
The Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia (Protektorat Böhmen und Mähren; Protektorát Čechy a Morava) was a protectorate of Nazi Germany established on 16 March 1939 following the German occupation of Czechoslovakia on 15 March 1939.wikipedia
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Munich Agreement

Munich CrisisMunichMunich Conference
Earlier, following the Munich Agreement of September 1938, Nazi Germany had incorporated the Czech Sudetenland territory as a Reichsgau (October 1938). On 10 October 1938, when Czechoslovakia was forced to accept the terms of the Munich Agreement, Germany incorporated the Sudetenland, on the Czechoslovak border with Germany and Austria proper, with its majority of ethnic German inhabitants, directly into the Reich.
In March 1939, the First Slovak Republic was proclaimed and shortly by the creation of the Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia Germany took full control of the Czech parts.

Emil Hácha

HachaHáchapresident Hácha
Czechoslovakia at the time under President Emil Hácha had pursued a pro-German foreign policy; however, upon meeting with the German Führer Adolf Hitler (15 March 1939), Hácha submitted to Germany's demands and issued a declaration stating that in light of events he accepted that Germany would decide the fate of the Czech people; Hitler accepted Hácha's declaration and declared that Germany would provide the Czech people with an autonomous protectorate governed by ethnic Czechs.
From March 1939, his country was under the control of the Germans and was known as the Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia.

Karl Hermann Frank

Karl FrankFRANK, Karl HermannK.H.Frank
The SS assumed police authority; Reichsführer-SS and Reich police chief Heinrich Himmler named the former Sudeten German leader Karl Hermann Frank as the protectorate's police chief and ranking SS officer.
Karl Hermann Frank (24 January 1898 – 22 May 1946) was a prominent Sudeten German Nazi official in the Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia prior to and during World War II.

Czechoslovakia

CzechoslovakCzechTCH
On 10 October 1938, when Czechoslovakia was forced to accept the terms of the Munich Agreement, Germany incorporated the Sudetenland, on the Czechoslovak border with Germany and Austria proper, with its majority of ethnic German inhabitants, directly into the Reich.
1939–1945: The region was split into the Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia and the Slovak Republic. A government-in-exile continued to exist in London, supported by the United Kingdom, United States and its Allies; after the German invasion of Russia, it was also recognised by the Soviet Union. Czechoslovakia adhered to the Declaration by United Nations and was a founding member of the United Nations.

Nazi Germany

GermanGermanyNazi
The Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia (Protektorat Böhmen und Mähren; Protektorát Čechy a Morava) was a protectorate of Nazi Germany established on 16 March 1939 following the German occupation of Czechoslovakia on 15 March 1939.
The Germans split Czechoslovakia into two parts, the puppet Slovakia Republic and the Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia.

Second Czechoslovak Republic

CzechoslovakiaSecond RepublicCzechoslovak Republic
Czechoslovakia at the time under President Emil Hácha had pursued a pro-German foreign policy; however, upon meeting with the German Führer Adolf Hitler (15 March 1939), Hácha submitted to Germany's demands and issued a declaration stating that in light of events he accepted that Germany would decide the fate of the Czech people; Hitler accepted Hácha's declaration and declared that Germany would provide the Czech people with an autonomous protectorate governed by ethnic Czechs.
The Czechoslovak Republic was dissolved when Germany invaded it on 15 March 1939 and annexed the Czech region into the Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia.

Resistance in the Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia

Czech resistanceResistanceresistance movement
(See also Czech resistance to Nazi occupation)
Resistance to the German occupation of the Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia during World War II is a scarcely documented subject.

Theresienstadt Ghetto

TheresienstadtTerezínTerezin
The deportation of Jews to concentration camps was organized, and the fortress town of Terezín was made into a ghetto way-station for Jewish families. The Theresienstadt concentration camp was located in the Protectorate, near the border to the Reichsgau Sudetenland.
Theresienstadt (Czech: ) was a hybrid concentration camp and ghetto established by the SS during World War II in the fortress town Terezín, located in the Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia (German-occupied Czech lands).

Reinhard Heydrich

HeydrichR. HeydrichReinhard Tristan Eugen Heydrich
On 29 September 1941, Hitler appointed SS hardliner Reinhard Heydrich as Deputy Reichsprotektor (Stellvertretende Reichsprotektor).
He was also Stellvertretender Reichsprotektor (Deputy/Acting Reich-Protector) of Bohemia and Moravia.

Operation Anthropoid

assassination of Reinhard Heydrichassassinationassassinated
On 4 June 1942, Heydrich died after being wounded by Czechoslovak Commandos in Operation Anthropoid.
Operation Anthropoid was the code name for the assassination during World War II of Schutzstaffel (SS)-Obergruppenführer and General der Polizei Reinhard Heydrich, head of the Reichssicherheitshauptamt (Reich Main Security Office, RSHA), the combined security services of Nazi Germany, and acting Reichsprotektor of the Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia.

Kurt Daluege

DALUEGE, Kurt
Directives issued by Heydrich's successor, SS-Oberstgruppenführer Kurt Daluege, and the martial law en force brought forth mass arrests, executions and the obliteration of the villages of Lidice and Ležáky.
Following Reinhard Heydrich's assassination in 1942, he served as Deputy Protector for the Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia.

Alois Eliáš

EliášGeneral Alois EliášPrime Minister Eliáš
Under Heydrich's authority Prime Minister Alois Eliáš was arrested (and later executed), the Czech government was reorganized, and all Czech cultural organizations were closed.
He served as Prime Minister of the puppet government of the German-occupied Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia from 27 April 1939 to 27 September 1941, but maintained contact with the government-in-exile.

Lety concentration camp

LetyLety and Hodonín concentration campscamp in Lety
Romani internees were sent to the Lety and Hodonín concentration camps before being transferred to Auschwitz-Birkenau for gassing.
Lety concentration camp was a World War II internment camp for Romani people from Bohemia and Moravia during the German occupation of Czechoslovakia.

National Partnership

After the establishment of the Protectorate all political parties were outlawed, with the exception of the National Partnership (Národní souručenství).
National Partnership (Národní souručenství, NS, in Nationale Gemeinschaft) was the only authorized political party in Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia.

Protectorate

British Protectorateprotectoratesprotection
The Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia (Protektorat Böhmen und Mähren; Protektorát Čechy a Morava) was a protectorate of Nazi Germany established on 16 March 1939 following the German occupation of Czechoslovakia on 15 March 1939.
Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia, 1939–1945

German occupation of Czechoslovakia

occupation of CzechoslovakiaGerman occupationNazi occupation
The Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia (Protektorat Böhmen und Mähren; Protektorát Čechy a Morava) was a protectorate of Nazi Germany established on 16 March 1939 following the German occupation of Czechoslovakia on 15 March 1939.
On 15 March 1939, the German Wehrmacht moved into the remainder of Czechoslovakia and, from Prague Castle, Hitler proclaimed Bohemia and Moravia the Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia.

Wilhelm Frick

FRICKDr. Wilhelm FrickFRICK, Wilhelm
Wilhelm Frick, former Minister of the Interior.
Wilhelm Frick (12 March 1877 – 16 October 1946) was a prominent German politician of the Nazi Party (NSDAP), who served as Reich Minister of the Interior in the Hitler Cabinet from 1933 to 1943 and as the last governor of the Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia.

World War II

Second World WarwarWWII
During World War II, Hitler decided that Neurath was not treating the Czechs harshly enough and adopted a more radical policy in the protectorate.
In March 1939, Germany invaded the remainder of Czechoslovakia and subsequently split it into the German Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia and a pro-German client state, the Slovak Republic.

Adolf Hitler

HitlerFührerthe leader
Czechoslovakia at the time under President Emil Hácha had pursued a pro-German foreign policy; however, upon meeting with the German Führer Adolf Hitler (15 March 1939), Hácha submitted to Germany's demands and issued a declaration stating that in light of events he accepted that Germany would decide the fate of the Czech people; Hitler accepted Hácha's declaration and declared that Germany would provide the Czech people with an autonomous protectorate governed by ethnic Czechs. Following the establishment of the independent Slovak Republic on 14 March 1939, and the German occupation of the Czech rump state the next day, Adolf Hitler established the protectorate on 16 March 1939 by a proclamation from Prague Castle.
On 15 March 1939, in violation of the Munich accord and possibly as a result of the deepening economic crisis requiring additional assets, Hitler ordered the Wehrmacht to invade Prague, and from Prague Castle he proclaimed Bohemia and Moravia a German protectorate.

Slovak Republic (1939–1945)

Slovak RepublicSlovakiaFirst Slovak Republic
Following the establishment of the independent Slovak Republic on 14 March 1939, and the German occupation of the Czech rump state the next day, Adolf Hitler established the protectorate on 16 March 1939 by a proclamation from Prague Castle.
The Republic bordered Germany, constituent parts of "Großdeutschland", the Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia, Poland – and subsequently the General Government (German-occupied remnant of Poland) – along with independent Hungary.

Reichsgau Sudetenland

SudetenlandReichsgauReichsgau ''Sudetenland
The Theresienstadt concentration camp was located in the Protectorate, near the border to the Reichsgau Sudetenland.
The Czech population had to accept German citizenship or were expelled and forcibly relocated to the Czechoslovak rump state, which itself from March 1939 was occupied by Germany and incorporated as "Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia".

Heinrich Himmler

HimmlerAlfred HimmlerH Himmler
The SS assumed police authority; Reichsführer-SS and Reich police chief Heinrich Himmler named the former Sudeten German leader Karl Hermann Frank as the protectorate's police chief and ranking SS officer.
In late 1941, Hitler named Heydrich as Deputy Reich Protector of the newly established Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia.

Richard Bienert

From 19 January 1942 the government was led by Jaroslav Krejčí, and from January to May 1945 by Richard Bienert, the former police chief of Prague.
He served as prime minister of the Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia from January 19 to May 5, 1945.

Jan Opletal

The death on 15 November 1939 of a medical student, Jan Opletal, who had been wounded in the October violence, precipitated widespread student demonstrations, and the Reich retaliated.
Throughout the Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia, the Czech population took part in strikes and demonstrations.

SS-Oberabschnitt Böhmen-Mähren

Bohmen-MahrenBöhmen-MährenSS Kampfgruppe Division Bohmen-Mahren
A command of the Allgemeine-SS was also established, known as the SS-Oberabschnitt Böhmen-Mähren.
SS-Oberabschnitt Böhmen-Mähren was the Allgemeine-SS (General-SS) division command which encompassed the territory of the Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia (now the Czech Republic).