ProvincialprovincesProvincial ReservedprovinciaProvinciallyAzueroCanadian provincescolonial provincesDepartmentGovernment
A province is almost always an administrative division within a country or state.wikipedia
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Capital city

Capitaladministrative centerDistrict seat
In some countries with no actual provinces, "the provinces" is a metaphorical term meaning "outside the capital city".
A capital city (or simply capital) is the municipality exercising primary status in a country, state, province, or other administrative region, usually as its seat of government.

Administrative division

Subdivisionssubdivisionadministrative district
A province is almost always an administrative division within a country or state.
A country may be divided into provinces, states, counties, cantons or other sub-units, which, in turn, may be divided in whole or in part into municipalities, counties or others.

Roman Italy

The term derives from the ancient Roman provincia, which was the major territorial and administrative unit of the Roman Empire's territorial possessions outside Italy.
As provinces were being established throughout the Mediterranean, Italy maintained a special status which made it "not a province, but the Domina (ruler) of the provinces".


paradiplomaticdirect commercial relations with foreign nationspara diplomacy
Sub-national authorities have a growing interest in paradiplomacy, be it performed under a legal framework or as a trend informally admitted as legitimate by the central authorities.
Regions, federal states, provinces and cities seek their way to promote trade, investments, cooperation and partnership in a long list of subjects and account for a significant part of today's cross-borders contacts.

Voivodeships of Poland

In Poland, the equivalent of "province" is "województwo," sometimes rendered in English as "voivodeship."
A voivodeship (województwo ; plural: województwa) is the highest-level administrative subdivision of Poland, corresponding to a "province" in many other countries.


In some nations, a province (or its equivalent) is a first-level administrative unit of sub-national government—as in the Netherlands—and a large constituent autonomous area, as in Argentina, Canada, South Africa, and the Democratic Republic of the Congo.
The sovereign state is subdivided into twenty-three provinces (provincias, singular provincia) and one autonomous city (ciudad autónoma), Buenos Aires, which is the federal capital of the nation (Capital Federal) as decided by Congress.


In Arab countries, the first administrative level of government—called a muhafazah—is usually translated as a "governorate."
As English-speaking nations tend to call regions administered by governors either states or provinces, the term governorate is often used in translation from non-English-speaking administrations.


In Poland, the equivalent of "province" is "województwo," sometimes rendered in English as "voivodeship."
In a modern context, the word normally refers to one of the provinces (województwa) of Poland.

Provinces of Afghanistan

ProvinceprovincesAfghan provinces
Afghanistan is made up of 34 provinces (ولايت wilåyat).

Regional Municipality of Wood Buffalo

Wood BuffaloRegional Municipality (R.M.) of Wood BuffaloRegional Municipality (RM) of Wood Buffalo
For instance, Sherwood Park is an unincorporated "urban service area" of 65,465 within Strathcona County, which has most of the oil refining capacity in Western Canada; Fort McMurray was once a city but dissolved itself and became an "urban service area" of 70,964 people within the Regional Municipality (R.M.) of Wood Buffalo, which has several multibillion-dollar oil sands plants; and Lloydminster, a city of 31,483 which sits directly astride the provincial border between Alberta and Saskatchewan.
Until the Alberta electoral boundary re-distribution of 2004, the municipality was divided between the provincial electoral districts of Fort McMurray (the community itself) and Athabasca-Wabasca (the surrounding area).


Italian provinces are mainly named after their principal town and comprise several administrative sub-divisions called comuni (communes).
The density of the comuni varies widely by province and region: the province of Barletta-Andria-Trani, for example, has 391,224 inhabitants in 10 municipalities, or over 39,000 inhabitants per municipality; whereas the province of Isernia has 85,237 inhabitants in 52 municipalities, or 1,640 inhabitants per municipality – roughly twenty-four times more communal units per inhabitant.

Provinces of Algeria

Algeria is divided into 48 wilayas (provinces) and 1541 baladiyahs (municipalities, in French: commune).

Provinces of Argentina

ProvinceprovincesArgentine province
Argentina is subdivided into twenty-three provinces (provincias, singular provincia) and one autonomous city (ciudad autónoma), Buenos Aires, which is the federal capital of the nation (Capital Federal) as decided by Congress.


A wilayah (ولاية wilāya, plural ; Urdu and velâyat; vilayet) is an administrative division, usually translated as "state", "province", or occasionally as "governorate".

Provinces of Bolivia

Provinceprovinces112 ''provincias
Each department is divided into provinces.


Republic of ChileChileanCHI
In other nations—such as Belgium, Chile, Italy, Peru, the Philippines, and Spain—a province is a second-level administrative sub-division of a region (which is the first-order administrative sub-division of the nation).
In 1978 Chile was administratively divided into regions, and in 1979 subdivided into provinces and these into communes.

Provinces of Burkina Faso

Provinceprovinces45 provinces
The regions of Burkina Faso are divided into 45 administrative provinces.

Provinces of Belgium

Two of these regions, the Flemish Region or Flanders, and Walloon Region, or Wallonia, are each subdivided into five provinces.

Provinces of Cambodia

Provinceprovinces1 autonomous municipality and 24 provinces
Cambodia is divided into 25 provinces (ខេត្ត, khaet, singular and plural ).

Governorate (Russia)

The term "province" is sometimes used to refer to the historic governorates (guberniyas) of Russia.
The term is usually translated as government, governorate, or province.

Provinces of Burundi

Province18 provincesprovinces
Burundi is divided into eighteen provinces, each named after their respective capital with the exception of Bujumbura Rural.

Provinces of the Dominican Republic

provinceprovinces1 district 31 provinces
The Dominican Republic is divided into thirty–one provincias (provinces; singular provincia), while the national capital, Santo Domingo, is contained within its own Distrito Nacional ("National District"; "D.N."

Provinces of Ecuador

Ecuador is divided into 24 provinces (provincias, singular – provincia).

Public holiday

public holidaysnational holidayholiday
The old provincial boundaries continue to be used to determine the application of certain public holidays.
A civic holiday, civil holiday or work holiday is a day that is legally recognized and celebrated as a holiday in a particular sovereign state or jurisdictional subdivision of such, e.g., a state or a province.

Provinces of Greece

The provinces of Greece (επαρχία, "eparchy") were sub-divisions of some the country's prefectures.