Province of North Carolina
North CarolinaNorth Carolina ColonyRoyal Colony of North CarolinaNorthProvince of North-Carolinacolonial North CarolinaNorth-CarolinaColony of North Carolinaprovinciala British colony
The Province of North Carolina was a British colony that existed in North America from 1712 to 1776, created as a proprietary colony.wikipedia
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Declaration of IndependenceAmerican Declaration of IndependenceU.S. Declaration of Independence
The power of the British government was vested in a governor of North Carolina, but the colony declared independence from Great Britain in 1776.
The declaration was signed by representatives from New Hampshire, Massachusetts Bay, Rhode Island, Connecticut, New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Maryland, Delaware, Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, and Georgia.
Brunswick TownBrunswick Town State Historic SiteBrunswick
The Province of North Carolina had four capitals: Bath (1712–1722), Edenton (1722–1743), Brunswick (1743–1770), and New Bern (after 1770).
Brunswick Town was a prominent town in colonial North Carolina.
NCNorthState of North Carolina
The colony later became the states of North Carolina and Tennessee, and parts of the colony combined with other territory to form the states of Georgia, Alabama, and Mississippi.
North Carolina became one of the English Thirteen Colonies and with the territory of South Carolina was originally known as the Province of North-Carolina.
EdentonEdenton DistrictEdenton Town
The Province of North Carolina had four capitals: Bath (1712–1722), Edenton (1722–1743), Brunswick (1743–1770), and New Bern (after 1770). Major towns during this period included: Bath (chartered in 1705), Brunswick (founded after 1726, destroyed during the American Revolution), Campbellton (established in 1762), Edenton (chartered in 1712), Halifax (chartered in 1757), Hillsborough (1754), New Bern (settled in 1710, chartered in 1723), Salisbury (chartered in 1753), and Wilmington (founded in 1732, chartered in 1739 or 1749).
Edenton served as the second capital of the Province of North Carolina, from 1722 to 1743, with the governor establishing his residence there and the population increasing during that period.
The remaining one-eighth share of the Province was retained by members of the Carteret family until 1776, part of North Carolina known as the Granville District.
The Granville District (or Granville's district) was an approximately 60-mile wide strip of land in the North Carolina colony adjoining the boundary with the Province of Virginia, lying between north latitudes 35° 34' and 36° 30'.
South Carolinacolonial South Carolinacolony of South Carolina
The division of the colony into north and south was completed at a meeting of the Lords Proprietors held at Craven House in London on December 7, 1710, although the same proprietors continued to control both colonies.
The division of the Carolina Province into North Carolina and South Carolina became complete in 1712.
Revolutionary WarAmerican War of IndependenceAmerican Revolution
During the Revolutionary War, the English and Highland Scots of eastern North Carolina tended to remain loyal to the British Crown, because of longstanding business and personal connections with Great Britain.
Loyalists were recruited in North Carolina to reassert colonial rule in the South, but they were decisively defeated and Loyalist sentiment was subdued.
Two important maps of the province were produced: one by Edward Moseley in 1733, and another by John Collet in 1770.
Edward Moseley (born 16 February 1682 or 1683 - died 11 July 1749), was the Surveyor General of the Province of North Carolina before 1710 and 1723 to 1733.
Yemassee WarYamaseeYamassee War
Expansion westward began early in the 18th century from the province's seats of power on the coast, particularly after the conclusion of the Tuscarora and Yamasee wars, in which the largest barrier was removed to colonial settlement farther inland.
The Tuscarora were an Iroquoian-speaking tribe of the interior, and they began attacking colonial settlements of North Carolina in 1711.
North Carolina House of Burgesses in 1775Province of North Carolina General Assembly
Each of these nine major towns had a single representative in the North Carolina House of Burgesses in 1775.
The Province of North Carolina General Assembly of 1775 was a bicameral legislative body of the Province of North Carolina that met from April 4, 1775 to April 8, 1775 in New Bern.
WilmingtonWilmington, NCWilmington, N.C.
Major towns during this period included: Bath (chartered in 1705), Brunswick (founded after 1726, destroyed during the American Revolution), Campbellton (established in 1762), Edenton (chartered in 1712), Halifax (chartered in 1757), Hillsborough (1754), New Bern (settled in 1710, chartered in 1723), Salisbury (chartered in 1753), and Wilmington (founded in 1732, chartered in 1739 or 1749).
Governor Gabriel Johnston soon after established his government there for the North Carolina colony.
British colonyBritish coloniesBritish Crown Colony
Both Carolinas became royal colonies in 1729, after the British government had tried for nearly 10 years to locate and buy out seven of the eight Lords Proprietors.
Governor Josiah MartinMartin
The last Governor of the Province of North Carolina was Josiah Martin, who served from 1771 to 1776.
Josiah Martin (23 April 1737 – 13 April 1786) was a British Army officer and colonial official who served as the ninth and last British Governor of the Province of North Carolina from 1771 to 1776.
Christopher Gale (1670 - February 17, 1735) was the first Chief Justice of the Colony of North Carolina.
Governor TryonGovernor William TryonGeneral Tryon
On 26 April 1764, through family connections, Tryon obtained the position of acting lieutenant governor of the Province of North Carolina.
Richard EverardSir '''Richard EverardSir Richard Everard
In November of that year, Everard terminated (prorogued) the session of the Assembly of the Province, but refused to explain his reasons.
RoanokeRoanoke Island, North CarolinaRoanoke settlement
The ports for which there were Customs Agents in the Province of North Carolina included: Bath, Roanoke, Currituck Precint, Brunswick (Cape Fear), and Beaufort (Topsail Inlet).
Also see: Province of Carolina and Province of North Carolina
Battle of Alamance CreekBattlefield of Alamance
The Battle of Alamance was the final battle of the War of the Regulation, a rebellion in colonial North Carolina over issues of taxation and local control.
The British colonial Provinces of North Carolina and South Carolina experienced dramatic population growth in the 1760s, following the increased migration of colonists arriving from the eastern cities seeking greater opportunities in the emerging rural west.
Martin's North Carolina Gazette
The North-Carolina Gazette was the first newspaper published in North Carolina, then the Province of North-Carolina.
Cape FearThe Cape FearCape Fear Rivers
As the Council met for the last time onboard HMS Cruizer in the Cape Fear River on July 18, 1775, they noted that the "deluded people of this Province" will see their error and return to their allegiance to the King.
During the colonial era, the river provided a principal transportation route to the interior of North Carolina.
After nearly a decade in which the British government sought to locate and buy out the proprietors, both North and South Carolina became royal colonies in 1729.
Fleeing Rhode Island, he was appointed Chief Justice of North Carolina (1767–1775).
James Hasell (sometimes spelled Hassell) was onboard the HMS Cruizer on the Cape Fear River with Governor Josiah Martin as the Council met in its final meeting that called an end to the Province of North Carolina.
The Province of North Carolina was a British colony that existed in North America from 1712 to 1776, created as a proprietary colony.