Provinces of France

former provinceprovinceprovince of Franceprovinceshistorical provinceFrench provinceFrench provincesformer provinceshistorical provincesformer Basque province
France was organized into provinces until March 4, 1790, when the establishment of the department (French: département) system superseded provinces.wikipedia
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Departments of France

France was organized into provinces until March 4, 1790, when the establishment of the department (French: département) system superseded provinces.
The departments were created in 1790 as a rational replacement of Ancien Régime provinces with a view to strengthen national unity; the title "department" is used to mean a part of a larger whole.


Parlement of ParisParlement de ParisParliament of Paris
Bold indicates a city that was also the seat of a judicial and quasi-legislative body called either a parlement (not to be confused with a parliament) or a conseil souverain (sovereign council).
A parlement, in the Ancien Régime of France, was a provincial appellate court.

Berry, France

BerryProvince of BerryBerri
It was a province of France until départements replaced the provinces on 4 March 1790, when Berry became divided between the départements of Cher (High Berry) and Indre (Low Berry).


Bourges, FranceAvaricum Biturigumhistory
It is the capital of the department of Cher, and also was the capital of the former province of Berry.


Orléanais is a former province of France, around the cities of Orléans, Chartres, and Blois.


southern FranceBas-LanguedocLanguedoc, France
Languedoc (, ; Lengadòc ) is a former province of France.


Paris, FranceParísParisian
The first railway line to Paris opened in 1837, beginning a new period of massive migration from the provinces to the city.


DauphinoisDauphinyDauphiné Viennois
The Dauphiné Viennois, or simply Dauphiné (Daufinat or Dalfinat; Dôfenât or Darfenât; former English name: Dauphiny), is a former province in southeastern France, whose area roughly corresponded to that of the present departments of Isère, Drôme, and Hautes-Alpes.

French Revolution

RevolutionRevolutionary FranceRevolutionary
During the early years of the French Revolution, in an attempt to centralize the administration of the whole country, and to remove the influence of the French nobility over the country, the entirety of the province system was abolished and replaced by the system of departments in use today.
The Assembly eventually replaced the historic provinces with 83 départements, uniformly administered and roughly equal in area and population.

Champagne (province)

ChampagneChampagne, FranceChampagne region
Champagne was a province in the northeast of the Kingdom of France, now best known as the Champagne wine region for the sparkling white wine that bears its name in modern-day France.


Toulouse, FranceTolosaToulousain
The city was the capital of the Visigothic Kingdom in the 5th century and the capital of the province of Languedoc in the Late Middle Ages and early modern period (provinces were abolished during the French Revolution), making it the unofficial capital of the cultural region of Occitania (Southern France).


Governor of Aunis
Aunis is a historical province of France, situated in the north-west of the department of Charente-Maritime.


Marais de SaintongeSaintonge potterySaintongeais
Saintonge, historically spelled Xaintonge and Xainctonge, is a former province of France located on the west central Atlantic coast.


The Lyonnais is a historical province of France which owes its name to the city of Lyon.


Grenoble, FranceGratianopolisCollège Roqua
The city remained the capital of the Dauphiné, henceforth a province of France, and the Estates of Dauphiné were created.


Poitou (, ; Poitevin: Poetou) was a province of west-central France whose capital city was Poitiers.


GuienneDuchy of GuyenneBerry
Guyenne or Guienne (Guiana ) was an old French province which corresponded roughly to the Roman province of Aquitania Secunda and the archdiocese of Bordeaux.


Gascony (Gascogne ; Gascon: Gasconha ; Gaskoinia) is a province of southwestern France that was part of the "Province of Guyenne and Gascony" prior to the French Revolution.


County of AnjouAngevinAngevins
Anjou (, ; Andegavia) was a French province straddling the lower Loire River.


PicardiePicardPicardy region
The historical province of Picardy stretched from north of Noyon to Calais, via the whole of the Somme department and the north of the Aisne department.


It became an independent kingdom and then a duchy before being united with the Kingdom of France in 1532 as a province governed as if it were a separate nation under the crown.


County of AngoulêmeAngoulême
Angoumois, historically the County of Angoulême, was a county and province of France, originally inferior to the parent duchy of Aquitaine, similar to the Périgord to its east but lower and generally less forested, equally with occasional vineyards throughout.


Province of TouraineTouraine angevineTouraine Val de Loire
Touraine is one of the traditional provinces of France.


Tours, FranceCaesarodunumTourangeau
The surrounding district, the traditional province of Touraine, is known for its wines, for the alleged perfection (as perceived by some speakers and for historical reasons) of its local spoken French, and for the Battle of Tours (732).

Moulins, Allier

MoulinsMoulins-sur-AllierEdict of Moulins
Before the French Revolution, Moulins was the capital of the province of Bourbonnais and the seat of the Dukes of Bourbon.