Provisional Government of the Republic of China (1912)

Provisional Government of the Republic of ChinaProvisional GovernmentNanjing Provisional Governmentestablishment Republic of China proclaimed1912Beijing Provisional GovernmentproclaimedProvisionalprovisional coalition government
The Provisional Government of the Republic of China (中華民國臨時政府, pinyin: Zhōnghuá Mínguó Línshí Zhèngfǔ) was a provisional government established during the Xinhai Revolution by the revolutionaries in 1912.wikipedia
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Xinhai Revolution

1911 RevolutionChinese RevolutionChinese Revolution of 1911
The Provisional Government of the Republic of China (中華民國臨時政府, pinyin: Zhōnghuá Mínguó Línshí Zhèngfǔ) was a provisional government established during the Xinhai Revolution by the revolutionaries in 1912.
After the Qing court transferred power to the newly founded republic, a provisional coalition government was created along with the National Assembly.

Provisional government

interim governmenttransitional governmentprovisional
The Provisional Government of the Republic of China (中華民國臨時政府, pinyin: Zhōnghuá Mínguó Línshí Zhèngfǔ) was a provisional government established during the Xinhai Revolution by the revolutionaries in 1912.

Sun Yat-sen

Sun YatsenDr. Sun Yat-senSun Zhongshan
On December 25, Sun Yat-sen, accompanied by general Homer Lea, his closest foreign adviser returned to Shanghai. On 1 January 1912, Sun Yat-sen announced the establishment of the Republic of China in Nanking, and he was inaugurated as the Provisional President of the Republic.
The new Provisional Government of the Republic of China was created along with the Provisional Constitution of the Republic of China.

Hu Hanmin

Hu Han MinHu Han-min
There were additional appointments, such as Hu Hanmin as the Secretary of the President, Song Jiaoren as the Director-general of Law-making, and Huang Fusheng as the Director-general of Printing.
Shortly after the Xinhai Revolution in 1911, he was appointed the governor of Guangdong and chief secretary of the Provisional Government.

Battle of Yangxia

capturedBattles of HankouDefense of Yangxia
By November 28, Hankou and Hanyang had fallen back to the Qing, so for safety the revolutionaries convened their first conference at the British concession in Hankou on November 30.
The political negotiations eventually led to the abdication of the last Qing Emperor, Puyi, and the formation of a united provisional government of the Republic of China led by former loyalist Yuan Shikai and revolutionaries Sun Yat-sen, Li Yuanhong and Huang Xing.

President of the Republic of China

PresidentPresident of TaiwanChairman of the National Government of China
On 1 January 1912, Sun Yat-sen announced the establishment of the Republic of China in Nanking, and he was inaugurated as the Provisional President of the Republic.
After the outbreak of the Wuchang Uprising against Qing rule in 1911, the revolutionaries elected Sun Yat-sen as the "provisional president" of the transitional government, with the Republic of China officially established on January 1, 1912.

Provisional Constitution of the Republic of China

Provisional Constitutionprovisional constitution of 1912
On 8 March 1912 the Provisional Senate passed the Provisional Constitution to limit Yuan's power in the future.
After victory in the Xinhai Revolution, the Nanjing Provisional Government of the Republic of China, led by Sun Yat-sen, framed the Provisional Constitution of the Republic of China (, 1912), which was an outline of basic regulations with the qualities of a formal constitution.

Zhang Jian (politician)

Zhang JianChang ChienZhang Jiang
He was appointed as the Minister of Enterprise of the temporary government of the Provisional Government in Nanjing, but did not take the office actually.

Beiyang government

ChinaBeijing GovernmentRepublic of China
The power of the Nanking Government and the Provisional Senate hence transitioned to the Beiyang Government in Peking, which signified the dissolution of the Provisional Government.
After the Xinhai Revolution of 1911–1912, the rebels established a republican Provisional Government in Nanjing under President Sun Yat-sen and Vice President Li Yuanhong.

Wuchang Uprising

uprising in Wuchang1911 revolution1911 revolution in China
After the success of the Wuchang uprising, revolutionary provincial assembly representatives held a conference in the district of Wuchang, China, which framed the organizational outline of the Provisional Government.

Wuchang District

WuchangWuchang CityWu-Chang
After the success of the Wuchang uprising, revolutionary provincial assembly representatives held a conference in the district of Wuchang, China, which framed the organizational outline of the Provisional Government.

Li Yuanhong

Li Yuan-hungLi Yuanhung
In November 1911 the revolutionary group in the Wuchang District of Wuhan, China, led by Li Yuanhong came together with the revolutionary group in Shanghai led by Chen Qimei and Cheng Dequan to prepare for the establishment of a new central government. General Li Yuanhong was made Provisional Vice President.

Chen Qimei

In November 1911 the revolutionary group in the Wuchang District of Wuhan, China, led by Li Yuanhong came together with the revolutionary group in Shanghai led by Chen Qimei and Cheng Dequan to prepare for the establishment of a new central government.

Shanghai

Shanghai, ChinaSHAShanghai Municipality
The group in Wuchang wanted to establish a government in Wuchang, while the group in Shanghai wanted a government in Shanghai.

Hanyang District

HanyangHan'''yang
By November 28, Hankou and Hanyang had fallen back to the Qing, so for safety the revolutionaries convened their first conference at the British concession in Hankou on November 30.

Ma Junwu

The representatives decided to frame the organizational outline of the Provisional Government, and they elected Lei Fen, Ma Junwu, and Wang Zhengting to prepare the draft.

Republic

constitutional republicrepublicsrepublican form of government
It also confirmed that the new government would be a republic.

Song Jiaoren

Sung Chiao-jenAssassination of Song Jiaoren
There were additional appointments, such as Hu Hanmin as the Secretary of the President, Song Jiaoren as the Director-general of Law-making, and Huang Fusheng as the Director-general of Printing. Instead of attending Nanking's assembly, Song Jiaoren and Chen Qimei gathered the provincial representatives in Shanghai and held an assembly on December 4.

Homer Lea

On December 25, Sun Yat-sen, accompanied by general Homer Lea, his closest foreign adviser returned to Shanghai.

Nanjing

NankingNanjing, ChinaJinling
On 1 January 1912, Sun Yat-sen announced the establishment of the Republic of China in Nanking, and he was inaugurated as the Provisional President of the Republic.

Vice President of the Republic of China

Vice PresidentROC Vice Presidentfirst female vice president
General Li Yuanhong was made Provisional Vice President.