Pseudonym

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A pseudonym or alias is a name that a person or group assumes for a particular purpose, which can differ from their first or true name (orthonym).wikipedia
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Stage name

screen namestage namesalias
Pseudonyms include stage names and user names, ring names, pen names, nicknames, aliases, superhero or villain identities and code names, gamer identifications, and regnal names of emperors, popes, and other monarchs.
A stage name is a pseudonym used by performers and entertainers, such as actors, comedians, singers and musicians.

Pen name

nom de plumepen-namenom-de-plume
Pseudonyms include stage names and user names, ring names, pen names, nicknames, aliases, superhero or villain identities and code names, gamer identifications, and regnal names of emperors, popes, and other monarchs. Pseudonyms are "part-time" names, used only in certain contexts – to provide a more clear-cut separation between one's private and professional lives, to showcase or enhance a particular persona, or to hide an individual's real identity, as with writers' pen names, graffiti artists' tags, resistance fighters' or terrorists' noms de guerre, and computer hackers' handles.
A pen name (nom de plume or literary double) is a pseudonym (or, in some cases, a variant form of a real name) adopted by an author and printed on the title page or by-line of their works in place of their "real" name.

Nickname

monikernicknamesnicknamed
Pseudonyms include stage names and user names, ring names, pen names, nicknames, aliases, superhero or villain identities and code names, gamer identifications, and regnal names of emperors, popes, and other monarchs.
As a concept, it is distinct from both pseudonym and stage name, and also from a title (for example, City of Fountains), although there may be overlap in these concepts.

Vladimir Lenin

LeninV. I. LeninV.I. Lenin
In some cases, pseudonyms are adopted because they are part of a cultural or organisational tradition: for example devotional names used by members of some religious institutes, and "cadre names" used by Communist party leaders such as Trotsky and Lenin. Revolutionaries and resistance leaders, such as Lenin, Trotsky, Golda Meir, Philippe Leclerc de Hauteclocque, and Josip Broz Tito, often adopted their noms de guerre as their proper names after the struggle.
Vladimir Ilyich Ulyanov (22 April 1870 – 21 January 1924), better known by the alias Lenin, was a Russian revolutionary, politician, and political theorist.

Name change

changed his namelegally changedassumed the surname
A pseudonym may also be used for personal reasons: for example, an individual may prefer to be called or known by a name that differs from their given or legal name, but is not ready to take the numerous steps to get their name legally changed; or an individual may simply feel that the context and content of an exchange offer no reason, legal or otherwise, to provide their given or legal name.
A pseudonym is a name that differs from the original or true name and does not require legal sanction.

Carolyn Keene

Carolyn G. KeeneKeene pseudonym
A collective name or collective pseudonym is one shared by two or more persons, for example the co-authors of a work, such as Carolyn Keene, Ellery Queen, Nicolas Bourbaki.
Carolyn Keene is the pseudonym of the authors of the Nancy Drew mystery stories and The Dana Girls mystery stories, both produced by the Stratemeyer Syndicate.

Nicolas Bourbaki

BourbakiBourbaki, NicolasBourbaki group
A collective name or collective pseudonym is one shared by two or more persons, for example the co-authors of a work, such as Carolyn Keene, Ellery Queen, Nicolas Bourbaki.
Nicolas Bourbaki was the collective pseudonym of a group of (mainly French) mathematicians.

Name

namesaliasappellation
A pseudonym or alias is a name that a person or group assumes for a particular purpose, which can differ from their first or true name (orthonym).
Besides first, middle, and last names, individuals may also have nicknames, aliases, or titles.

Trade name

doing business asDBAd/b/a
Criminals may use aliases, fictitious business names, and dummy corporations (corporate shells) to hide their identity, or to impersonate other persons or entities in order to commit fraud.
A trade name, trading name, or business name is a pseudonym frequently used by companies to operate under a name different from their registered, legal name.

Hollywood blacklist

blacklistedblacklistHollywood Ten
This may occur when someone is ghostwriting a book or play, or in parody, or when using a "front" name, such as by screenwriters blacklisted in Hollywood in the 1950s and 1960s.
Some of those blacklisted continued to write for Hollywood or the broadcasting industry surreptitiously, using pseudonyms or the names of friends who posed as the actual writers (those who allowed their names to be used in this fashion were called "fronts").

Elena Ferrante

Some pen names have been used for long periods, even decades, without the author's true identity being discovered, such as Elena Ferrante and Torsten Krol.
Elena Ferrante is a pseudonymous Italian novelist, who has said that she was born in 1943 in Naples.

Peter O'Donnell

Peter 'Pod' O'Donnell
A few examples of male authors using female pseudonyms include Brindle Chase, Peter O'Donnell (wrote as Madeline Brent) and Christopher Wood (wrote as Penny Sutton and Rosie Dixon).
He was also an award-winning gothic historical romance novelist who wrote under the female pseudonym Madeleine Brent, in 1978, his novel Merlin's Keep won the Romantic Novel of the Year Award by the Romantic Novelists' Association.

Ghostwriter

ghostwrittenghost writerghostwriting
This may occur when someone is ghostwriting a book or play, or in parody, or when using a "front" name, such as by screenwriters blacklisted in Hollywood in the 1950s and 1960s.
Additionally, publishers use ghostwriters to write new books for established series where the 'author' is a pseudonym.

J. K. Rowling

J.K. RowlingRobert GalbraithJ.K Rowling
Joanne Kathleen Rowling published the Harry Potter series under the shortened name J. K. Rowling.
Since then, Rowling has written five books for adult readers: The Casual Vacancy (2012) and—under the pseudonym Robert Galbraith—the crime fiction novels The Cuckoo's Calling (2013), The Silkworm (2014), Career of Evil (2015), and Lethal White (2018).

The Cuckoo's Calling

Lula LandryLula Landry case
Rowling also published the Cormoran Strike series, a series of detective novels including The Cuckoo's Calling under the pseudonym "Robert Galbraith".
The Cuckoo's Calling is a 2013 crime fiction novel by J. K. Rowling, published under the pseudonym Robert Galbraith.

C. L. Moore

C.L. MooreCatherine MooreCatherine Lucille Moore
The authors C. L. Moore and S. E. Hinton were female authors who used the initialised forms of their full names.
They were prolific co-authors under their own names, although more often under any one of several pseudonyms.

Richard Bachman

Some prolific authors adopt a pseudonym to disguise the extent of their published output, e.g. Stephen King writing as Richard Bachman.
He convinced his publisher, Signet Books, to print these novels under a pseudonym.

P. J. Tracy

Patricia J. and Traci Lambrecht
Co-authors may choose to publish under a collective pseudonym, e.g., P. J. Tracy and Perri O'Shaughnessy.
P. J. Tracy is a pseudonym for American mother-daughter writing team Patricia (P. J.) (d. December 2016) and Traci Lambrecht, winners of the Anthony, Barry, Gumshoe, and Minnesota Book Awards.

Subcomandante Marcos

MarcosRafael Sebastián Guillén VicenteSubcomandante Insurgente Galeano
Some well-known men who adopted noms de guerre include Carlos, for Ilich Ramírez Sánchez; Willy Brandt, Chancellor of West Germany; and Subcomandante Marcos, the spokesman of the Zapatista Army of National Liberation (EZLN).
better known by his previous nom de guerre as Subcomandante Marcos, however he has recently used several other pseudonyms; he referred to himself as Delegate Zero during the 2006 Mexican Presidential Campaign, and in May 2014 announced that Subcomandante Marcos "no longer exists," adopting the name of his dead comrade "Teacher Galeano", naming himself Subcomandante Galeano instead.

Georgios Grivas

General George GrivasGrivasDighenis
George Grivas, the Greek-Cypriot EOKA militant, adopted the nom de guerre Digenis .
Georgios Grivas (Γεώργιος Γρίβας; 6 July 1897 – 27 January 1974), also known by his nom de guerre Digenis, which he adopted while in EOKA, was a Cyprus-born general in the Greek Army, leader of the EOKA guerrilla organisation.

Philippe Leclerc de Hauteclocque

LeclercPhilippe LeclercGeneral Leclerc
Revolutionaries and resistance leaders, such as Lenin, Trotsky, Golda Meir, Philippe Leclerc de Hauteclocque, and Josip Broz Tito, often adopted their noms de guerre as their proper names after the struggle.
He then became one of the first to make his way to Britain to fight with the Free French under General Charles de Gaulle, adopting the nom de guerre of Leclerc so that his wife and children would not be put at risk if his name appeared in the papers.

Security hacker

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Pseudonyms are "part-time" names, used only in certain contexts – to provide a more clear-cut separation between one's private and professional lives, to showcase or enhance a particular persona, or to hide an individual's real identity, as with writers' pen names, graffiti artists' tags, resistance fighters' or terrorists' noms de guerre, and computer hackers' handles.
The adoption of fictional pseudonyms, symbols, values and metaphors from these works is very common.

Pseudonymity

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On the Internet, pseudonymous remailers use cryptography that achieves persistent pseudonymity, so that two-way communication can be achieved, and reputations can be established, without linking physical identities to their respective pseudonyms.
Pseudonymity, a word derived from pseudonym, meaning 'false name', is a state of disguised identity.

Willy Brandt

BrandtWilly-BrandtChancellor Brandt
Some well-known men who adopted noms de guerre include Carlos, for Ilich Ramírez Sánchez; Willy Brandt, Chancellor of West Germany; and Subcomandante Marcos, the spokesman of the Zapatista Army of National Liberation (EZLN).
It was at this time that he adopted the pseudonym Willy Brandt to avoid detection by Nazi agents.

Pseudonymous remailer

nym servernym aliasnymserver
On the Internet, pseudonymous remailers use cryptography that achieves persistent pseudonymity, so that two-way communication can be achieved, and reputations can be established, without linking physical identities to their respective pseudonyms.
A pseudonymous remailer or nym server, as opposed to an anonymous remailer, is an Internet software program designed to allow people to write pseudonymous messages on Usenet newsgroups and send pseudonymous email.