Psychiatric medication

psychiatric drugspsychiatric drugpsychiatric medicationsmedicationmedicationspsychiatricpsychotropic drugsdruggingmedicatedpharmacological therapies
A psychiatric medication is a licensed psychoactive drug taken to exert an effect on the chemical makeup of the brain and nervous system.wikipedia
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Mental disorder

mental illnessnervous breakdownmentally ill
Thus, these medications are used to treat mental illnesses.
Psychotherapy and psychiatric medication are two major treatment options.

Psychiatry

psychiatricpsychiatristpsychiatrists
Usually prescribed in psychiatric settings, these medications are typically made of synthetic chemical compounds.
The combined treatment of psychiatric medication and psychotherapy has become the most common mode of psychiatric treatment in current practice, but contemporary practice also includes a wide variety of other modalities, e.g., assertive community treatment, community reinforcement, and supported employment.

Deinstitutionalisation

deinstitutionalizationde-institutionalizationdeinstituitionalise
It was one of the key reasons why many countries moved towards deinstitutionalization, closing many of these hospitals so that patients could be treated at home, in general hospitals and smaller facilities.
The modern deinstitutionalisation movement was made possible by the discovery of psychiatric drugs in the mid-20th century, which could manage psychotic episodes and reduced the need for patients to be confined and restrained.

Psychiatric hospital

mental hospitalmental institutionasylum
It meant that more patients could be treated without the need for confinement in a psychiatric hospital.
With successive waves of reform, and the introduction of effective evidence-based treatments, most modern psychiatric hospitals provide a primary emphasis on treatment, and attempt where possible to help patients control their own lives in the outside world, with the use of a combination of psychiatric drugs and psychotherapy.

Straitjacket

straitjacketsstrait jacketstraight jacket
Use of physical restraints such as straitjackets also declined.
Before the development of psychiatric medications and talking therapy, doctors did not know how to treat mental disorders such as schizophrenia, depression, and anxiety disorders.

Medical psychology

Medical psychologistmedicalMedical psychologists
Some U.S. states and territories, following the creation of the prescriptive authority for psychologists movement, have granted prescriptive privileges to clinical psychologists who have undergone additional specialised education and training in medical psychology.
A medical psychologist who holds prescriptive authority for specific psychiatric medications and other pharmaceutical drugs must first obtain specific qualifications in Psychopharmacology.

Noradrenergic and specific serotonergic antidepressant

NaSSANaSSAs
Noradrenergic and specific serotonergic antidepressants (NaSSAs) are a class of psychiatric drugs used primarily as antidepressants.

Mood stabilizer

mood stabilizersmood-stabilizingmood stabiliser
Atypical antipsychotics are also used as mood stabilizers in the treatment of bipolar disorder, and they can augment the action of antidepressants in major depressive disorder.
A mood stabilizer is a psychiatric pharmaceutical drug used to treat mood disorders characterized by intense and sustained mood shifts, such as bipolar disorder type I or type II and schizoaffective disorder.

Schizoaffective disorder

schizoaffectiveschizoaffective disordersschizo-affective disorder
Because psychosis may be precipitated or exacerbated by common classes of psychiatric medications, such as antidepressants, ADHD stimulant medications, and sleep medications, prescribed medication-induced psychosis should be ruled out, particularly for first-episode psychosis.

Lithium (medication)

lithiumlithium saltslithium salt
In 1948, lithium was first used as a psychiatric medicine.
Lithium compounds, also known as lithium salts, are primarily used as a psychiatric medication.

Psychoactive drug

psychoactivepsychotropicdrug
A psychiatric medication is a licensed psychoactive drug taken to exert an effect on the chemical makeup of the brain and nervous system.

Brain

brain functionmammalian braincerebral
A psychiatric medication is a licensed psychoactive drug taken to exert an effect on the chemical makeup of the brain and nervous system.

Chemical synthesis

syntheticsynthesissynthesized
Usually prescribed in psychiatric settings, these medications are typically made of synthetic chemical compounds.

Chemical compound

compoundcompoundschemical compounds
Usually prescribed in psychiatric settings, these medications are typically made of synthetic chemical compounds.

Relapse

recurrencerelapsingrecurrent
The recidivism or rehospitalization of the mentally ill is at a high rate in many countries and the reasons for the relapses are under research.

Chlorpromazine

ThorazineLargactilchlorpromazine hydrochloride
One of the most important discoveries was chlorpromazine, an antipsychotic that was first given to a patient in 1952.

Julius Axelrod

AxelrodAxelrod, JuliusJulius Axelrod, M.D.
In the same decade, Julius Axelrod carried out research into the interaction of neurotransmitters, which provided a foundation for the development of further drugs.

Alprazolam

XanaxCalmaxXanny
As of 2013, the 10 most prescribed psychiatric drugs by number of prescriptions were alprazolam, sertraline, citalopram, fluoxetine, lorazepam, trazodone, escitalopram, duloxetine, bupropion XL, and venlafaxine XR.

Sertraline

ZoloftLustralSertraline Hydrochloride
As of 2013, the 10 most prescribed psychiatric drugs by number of prescriptions were alprazolam, sertraline, citalopram, fluoxetine, lorazepam, trazodone, escitalopram, duloxetine, bupropion XL, and venlafaxine XR.

Citalopram

CelexaCipramilTalohexal
As of 2013, the 10 most prescribed psychiatric drugs by number of prescriptions were alprazolam, sertraline, citalopram, fluoxetine, lorazepam, trazodone, escitalopram, duloxetine, bupropion XL, and venlafaxine XR.

Fluoxetine

ProzacProzakSarafem
As of 2013, the 10 most prescribed psychiatric drugs by number of prescriptions were alprazolam, sertraline, citalopram, fluoxetine, lorazepam, trazodone, escitalopram, duloxetine, bupropion XL, and venlafaxine XR.

Lorazepam

Ativanbenzodiazepine lorazepamdrug of the same name
As of 2013, the 10 most prescribed psychiatric drugs by number of prescriptions were alprazolam, sertraline, citalopram, fluoxetine, lorazepam, trazodone, escitalopram, duloxetine, bupropion XL, and venlafaxine XR.

Trazodone

DesyrelOleptroTrialodine
As of 2013, the 10 most prescribed psychiatric drugs by number of prescriptions were alprazolam, sertraline, citalopram, fluoxetine, lorazepam, trazodone, escitalopram, duloxetine, bupropion XL, and venlafaxine XR.

Escitalopram

LexaproCipralexEcitalopram
As of 2013, the 10 most prescribed psychiatric drugs by number of prescriptions were alprazolam, sertraline, citalopram, fluoxetine, lorazepam, trazodone, escitalopram, duloxetine, bupropion XL, and venlafaxine XR.

Duloxetine

Cymbalta
As of 2013, the 10 most prescribed psychiatric drugs by number of prescriptions were alprazolam, sertraline, citalopram, fluoxetine, lorazepam, trazodone, escitalopram, duloxetine, bupropion XL, and venlafaxine XR.