Psychiatry

psychiatricpsychiatristpsychiatristspsychiatric treatmentpsychiatric carepsychiatric medicineGeneral PsychiatrypsychiatricallyAdult Psychiatrypsychiatric hospital
Psychiatry is the medical specialty devoted to the diagnosis, prevention, and treatment of mental disorders.wikipedia
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Glossary of psychiatry

Flight of ideaslogocloniaterm used in psychiatry
See glossary of psychiatry.
This glossary covers terms found in the psychiatric literature; the word origins are primarily Greek, but there are also Latin, French, German, and English terms.

Mental status examination

mental statuspsychiatric examinationmental status exam
Initial psychiatric assessment of a person typically begins with a case history and mental status examination.
The mental status examination or mental state examination (MSE) is an important part of the clinical assessment process in neurological and psychiatric practice.

Psychiatric medication

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The combined treatment of psychiatric medication and psychotherapy has become the most common mode of psychiatric treatment in current practice, but contemporary practice also includes a wide variety of other modalities, e.g., assertive community treatment, community reinforcement, and supported employment.
Usually prescribed in psychiatric settings, these medications are typically made of synthetic chemical compounds.

American Psychiatric Association

APAAmerican Medico-Psychological AssociationAmerican Psychiatry Association
Mental disorders are often diagnosed in accordance with clinical concepts listed in diagnostic manuals such as the International Classification of Diseases (ICD), edited and used by the World Health Organization (WHO) and the widely used Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM), published by the American Psychiatric Association (APA).
The American Psychiatric Association (APA) is the main professional organization of psychiatrists and trainee psychiatrists in the United States, and the largest psychiatric organization in the world.

Specialty (medicine)

medical specialtyspecialtyspecialist
Psychiatry is the medical specialty devoted to the diagnosis, prevention, and treatment of mental disorders.

Cognition

cognitivecognitive functioncognitive process
These include various maladaptations related to mood, behaviour, cognition, and perceptions.
Cognitive processes are analyzed from different perspectives within different contexts, notably in the fields of linguistics, anesthesia, neuroscience, psychiatry, psychology, education, philosophy, anthropology, biology, systemics, logic, and computer science.

Timeline of psychiatry

(For a historical overview, see Timeline of psychiatry.)
This is a timeline of the modern development of psychiatry.

Psychiatrist

psychiatristsclinical psychiatristconsultant psychiatrist
A medical doctor specializing in psychiatry is a psychiatrist.
A psychiatrist is a physician who specializes in psychiatry, the branch of medicine devoted to the diagnosis, prevention, study, and treatment of mental disorders.

Psychology

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]]Though the medical specialty of psychiatry uses research in the field of neuroscience, psychology, medicine, biology, biochemistry, and pharmacology, it has generally been considered a middle ground between neurology and psychology.
Psychology has been described as a "hub science" in that medicine tends to draw psychological research via neurology and psychiatry, whereas social sciences most commonly draws directly from sub-disciplines within psychology.

World Psychiatric Association

World Congress of PsychiatryWPA
The World Psychiatric Association issues an ethical code to govern the conduct of psychiatrists (like other purveyors of professional ethics).
Originally created to produce world psychiatric congresses, it has evolved to hold regional meetings, to promote professional education and to set ethical, scientific and treatment standards for psychiatry.

Psychiatric hospital

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An inpatient may be treated in a psychiatric hospital.
The development of the modern psychiatric hospital is also the story of the rise of organized, institutional psychiatry.

Doctor–patient relationship

doctor-patient relationshipbedside mannerpatient-doctor relationship
Unlike other physicians and neurologists, psychiatrists specialize in the doctor–patient relationship and are trained to varying extents in the use of psychotherapy and other therapeutic communication techniques.
Some medical specialties, such as psychiatry and family medicine, emphasize the physician–patient relationship more than others, such as pathology or radiology, which have very little contact with patients.

Electroconvulsive therapy

electroshock therapyelectroshockshock therapy
In establishing such ethical codes, the profession has responded to a number of controversies about the practice of psychiatry, for example, surrounding the use of lobotomy and electroconvulsive therapy.
Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT), formerly known as electroshock therapy, is a psychiatric treatment in which seizures are electrically induced in patients to provide relief from mental disorders.

Neurology

neurologistneurologicalneurologists
]]Though the medical specialty of psychiatry uses research in the field of neuroscience, psychology, medicine, biology, biochemistry, and pharmacology, it has generally been considered a middle ground between neurology and psychology.
Significant overlap occurs between the fields of neurology and psychiatry, with the boundary between the two disciplines and the conditions they treat being somewhat nebulous.

Johann Christian Reil

Reil
The term "psychiatry" was first coined by the German physician Johann Christian Reil in 1808 and literally means the 'medical treatment of the soul' (psych- "soul" from Ancient Greek psykhē "soul"; -iatry "medical treatment" from Gk.
He coined the term psychiatry – Psychiatrie in German – in 1808.

Biopsychiatry controversy

chemical imbalancechemical imbalance theoriescontroversy
Both approaches are important in the field of psychiatry, but have not sufficiently reconciled to settle controversy over either the selection of a psychiatric paradigm or the specification of psychopathology.
The biopsychiatry controversy is a dispute over which viewpoint should predominate and form a basis of psychiatric theory and practice.

Medicine

medicalmedical scienceclinical medicine
]]Though the medical specialty of psychiatry uses research in the field of neuroscience, psychology, medicine, biology, biochemistry, and pharmacology, it has generally been considered a middle ground between neurology and psychology.

Psychoanalysis

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Psychoanalysis, on the other hand, concentrates its dealings on early childhood, irrational drives, the unconscious, and conflict between conscious and unconscious streams.
Nonetheless, it remains a strong influence within psychiatry, more so in some quarters than others.

Biological psychiatry

biologicalbiological psychiatristbiopsychiatry
Biological psychiatry or biopsychiatry is an approach to psychiatry that aims to understand mental disorder in terms of the biological function of the nervous system.

Addiction psychiatry

Addictions PsychiatryCertified Addiction Specialist
Addiction psychiatry is a medical subspecialty within psychiatry that focuses on the evaluation, diagnosis, and treatment of people who are suffering from one or more disorders related to addiction.

Emergency psychiatry

psychiatric emergencypsychiatric emergency services72 hour hold
Emergency psychiatry is the clinical application of psychiatry in emergency settings.

Forensic psychiatry

forensic psychiatristforensic psychiatricforensic psychiatrists
Forensic psychiatry is a subspeciality of psychiatry and is related to criminology.

Cross-cultural psychiatry

transcultural psychiatrycultural psychiatryCross-cultural
Cross-cultural psychiatry (also known as transcultural psychiatry or cultural psychiatry) is a branch of psychiatry concerned with the cultural context of mental disorders and the challenges of addressing ethnic diversity in psychiatric services.

Liaison psychiatry

Consultation-Liaison psychiatryconsult liaison psychiatristsconsultation-liaison
Liaison psychiatry, also known as consultative psychiatry or consultation-liaison psychiatry is the branch of psychiatry that specialises in the interface between general medicine and psychiatry, usually taking place in a hospital or medical setting.

Military psychiatry

military psychiatristmilitarymilitary-related mental disorders
Military psychiatry covers special aspects of psychiatry and mental disorders within the military context.