Psychological trauma

traumatraumatizedtraumatictraumatic eventemotional traumatraumatic eventstraumastraumatizingtraumatic experienceTraumatize
Psychological trauma is damage to the mind that occurs as a result of a distressing event.wikipedia
753 Related Articles

Betrayal trauma

Betrayal Trauma Theorybetray
This is seen when institutions depended upon for survival violate, humiliate, betray, or cause major losses or separations instead of evoking aspects like positive self worth, safe boundaries and personal freedom.
Betrayal trauma is defined as a trauma perpetrated by someone with whom the victim is close to and reliant upon for support and survival.

Childhood trauma

childhood adversityTrauma
Some theories suggest childhood trauma can increase one's risk for mental disorders including post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), depression, and substance abuse.
Children may go through a range of experiences that classify as psychological trauma, these might include neglect, abandonment, childhood sexual abuse and physical abuse, parent or sibling is treated violently or there is a parent with a mental illness.

Posttraumatic stress disorder

post-traumatic stress disorderPTSDpost traumatic stress disorder
Some theories suggest childhood trauma can increase one's risk for mental disorders including post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), depression, and substance abuse. However, it is possible for some people to develop post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) after being exposed to a major traumatic event.
Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a mental disorder that can develop after a person is exposed to a traumatic event, such as sexual assault, warfare, traffic collisions, child abuse, or other threats on a person's life.

Traffic collision

car accidentcar crashtraffic accident
Catastrophic natural disasters such as earthquakes and volcanic eruptions, large scale transportation accidents, house or domestic fire, motor vehicle accident, mass interpersonal violence like war, terrorist attacks or other mass victimization like sex trafficking, being taken as a hostage or being kidnapped can also cause psychological trauma.
Following collisions, long-lasting psychological trauma may occur.

Sexual abuse

sexually abusedsexualsex abuse
Typical causes and dangers of psychological trauma include harassment, embarrassment, abandonment, abusive relationships, rejection, co-dependence, physical assault, sexual abuse, partner battery, employment discrimination, police brutality, judicial corruption and misconduct, bullying, paternalism, domestic violence, indoctrination, being the victim of an alcoholic parent, the threat or the witnessing of violence (particularly in childhood), life-threatening medical conditions, and medication-induced trauma.
Sexual abuse by a family member is a form of incest, which can result in severe long-term psychological trauma, especially in the case of parental incest.

Trauma trigger

trigger warningstrigger warningtriggered
After a traumatic experience, a person may re-experience the trauma mentally and physically, hence trauma reminders, also called triggers, can be uncomfortable and even painful.
A trauma trigger is a psychological stimulus that prompts recall of a previous traumatic experience.

Alcoholism

alcoholicalcoholicsalcohol
Typical causes and dangers of psychological trauma include harassment, embarrassment, abandonment, abusive relationships, rejection, co-dependence, physical assault, sexual abuse, partner battery, employment discrimination, police brutality, judicial corruption and misconduct, bullying, paternalism, domestic violence, indoctrination, being the victim of an alcoholic parent, the threat or the witnessing of violence (particularly in childhood), life-threatening medical conditions, and medication-induced trauma.
Severe childhood trauma is also associated with a general increase in the risk of drug dependency.

Emotion

emotionsemotionalemotional state
Trauma is often the result of an overwhelming amount of stress that exceeds one's ability to cope, or integrate the emotions involved with that experience.
Furthermore, research in historical trauma suggests that some traumatic emotions can be passed on from parents to offspring to second and even third generation, presented as examples of transgenerational trauma.

Psychoactive drug

psychoactivepsychotropicdrug
They may turn to psychoactive substances including alcohol to try to escape or dampen the feelings.
Most anesthetics induce unconsciousness, allowing the person to undergo medical procedures like surgery without the feelings of physical pain or emotional trauma.

Mental disorder

mental illnessnervous breakdownmentally ill
Some theories suggest childhood trauma can increase one's risk for mental disorders including post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), depression, and substance abuse.
Social influences have also been found to be important, including abuse, neglect, bullying, social stress, traumatic events, and other negative or overwhelming life experiences.

Anxiety

anxiousnervousnessanxieties
Triggers and cues act as reminders of the trauma and can cause anxiety and other associated emotions.
In Art and Artist (1932), the psychologist Otto Rank wrote that the psychological trauma of birth was the pre-eminent human symbol of existential anxiety and encompasses the creative person's simultaneous fear of – and desire for – separation, individuation, and differentiation.

Acute stress disorder

shockacute stress reactionstate of shock
This can lead to mental health disorders like acute stress and anxiety disorder, traumatic grief, undifferentiated somatoform disorder, conversion disorders, brief psychotic disorder, borderline personality disorder, adjustment disorder, etc.
Acute stress disorder (ASD, also known as acute stress reaction, psychological shock, mental shock, or simply shock) is a psychological response to a terrifying, traumatic, or surprising experience.

Abuse

abusiveabuse of officemaltreatment
Long-term exposure to situations such as extreme poverty or other forms of abuse, such as verbal abuse, exist independently of physical trauma but still generate psychological trauma.

Combat stress reaction

combat fatiguebattle fatigueshell shock
In times of war, psychological trauma has been known as shell shock or combat stress reaction.
Combat stress reaction symptoms align with the symptoms also found in psychological trauma, which is closely related to post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD).

Dissociation (psychology)

dissociationdissociativedissociative state
Emotional detachment, as well as dissociation or "numbing out" can frequently occur.
Dissociation has been described as one of a constellation of symptoms experienced by some victims of multiple forms of childhood trauma, including physical, psychological, and sexual abuse.

Emotional detachment

detachmentDetachedpsychological numbing
Emotional detachment, as well as dissociation or "numbing out" can frequently occur.
Social ostracism, such as shunning and parental alienation, are other examples where decisions to shut out a person creates a psychological trauma for the shunned party.

Self-harm

self-mutilationself-injuryself harm
Such difficulties may be evidenced by mood swings, brief yet intense depressive episodes, or self-mutilation.
Self-harm is often associated with a history of trauma, including emotional and sexual abuse.

Complex post-traumatic stress disorder

complex PTSDcomplex traumacomplex posttraumatic stress disorder
If, however, psychological trauma has caused dissociative disorders or complex PTSD, the trauma model approach (also known as phase-oriented treatment of structural dissociation) has been proven to work better than the simple cognitive approach.
Complex post-traumatic stress disorder (C-PTSD; also known as complex trauma disorder) is a psychological disorder that can develop in response to prolonged, repeated experience of interpersonal trauma in a context in which the individual has little or no chance of escape.

Dissociative disorder

dissociative disordersdissociativedisassociative disorder
If, however, psychological trauma has caused dissociative disorders or complex PTSD, the trauma model approach (also known as phase-oriented treatment of structural dissociation) has been proven to work better than the simple cognitive approach.
Some dissociative disorders are triggered by psychological trauma, but dissociative disorders such as depersonalization/derealization disorder may be preceded only by stress, psychoactive substances, or no identifiable trigger at all.

Trauma-sensitive yoga

trauma informed practices
Trauma-sensitive yoga has been specifically developed for the purposes of use with traumatized individuals.
Trauma-sensitive yoga is yoga as exercise, adapted from 2002 onwards for work with individuals affected by psychological trauma.

Cognitive processing therapy

cognitive processing therapies
Two of these cognitive behavioral therapies, prolonged exposure and cognitive processing therapy, are being disseminated nationally by the Department of Veterans Affairs for the treatment of PTSD.
The theory behind CPT conceptualizes PTSD as a disorder of non-recovery, in which a sufferer's beliefs about the causes and consequences of traumatic events produce strong negative emotions, which prevent accurate processing of the traumatic memory and the emotions resulting from the events.

Mind

mentalhuman mindmental content
Psychological trauma is damage to the mind that occurs as a result of a distressing event.

Psychological stress

stressstressfulmental stress
Trauma is often the result of an overwhelming amount of stress that exceeds one's ability to cope, or integrate the emotions involved with that experience.

Protective factor

This discrepancy in risk rate can be attributed to protective factors some individuals may have that enable them to cope with trauma; they are related to temperamental and environmental factors from among others.

Psychological resilience

resilienceresiliencyresilient
Some examples are resilience characteristics, and active seeking of help.