A report on Psychological trauma

Emotional response to a distressing event or series of events, such as accidents, rape or natural disasters.

- Psychological trauma

34 related topics with Alpha

Overall

Service members use art to relieve PTSD symptoms.

Post-traumatic stress disorder

10 links

Service members use art to relieve PTSD symptoms.
No quieren (They do not want to) by Francisco Goya (1746–1828) depicts an elderly woman wielding a knife in defense of a girl being assaulted by a soldier.
Regions of the brain associated with stress and post-traumatic stress disorder
The diagram depicts how emotions, thoughts, and behaviors all influence each other. The triangle in the middle represents CBT's tenet that all humans' core beliefs can be summed up in three categories: self, others, future.
Vietnam Veterans Memorial, Washington, D.C.
Statue, Three Servicemen, Vietnam Veterans Memorial
Disability-adjusted life year rates for post-traumatic stress disorder per 100,000 inhabitants in 2004 
no data
< 43.5
43.5–45
45–46.5
46.5–48
48–49.5
49.5–51
51–52.5
52.5–54
54–55.5
55.5–57
57–58.5
> 58.5

Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a mental and behavioral disorder that can develop because of exposure to a traumatic event, such as sexual assault, warfare, traffic collisions, child abuse, domestic violence, or other threats on a person's life.

Acute stress disorder

3 links

Acute stress disorder (ASD, also known as acute stress reaction, psychological shock, mental shock, or simply shock) is a psychological response to a terrifying, traumatic or surprising experience.

Dissociation (psychology)

6 links

Any of a wide array of experiences, ranging from a mild emotional detachment from the immediate surroundings, to a more severe disconnection from physical and emotional experiences.

Any of a wide array of experiences, ranging from a mild emotional detachment from the immediate surroundings, to a more severe disconnection from physical and emotional experiences.

Dissociation has been described as one of a constellation of symptoms experienced by some victims of multiple forms of childhood trauma, including physical, psychological, and sexual abuse.

A U.S. Marine, Pvt. Theodore J. Miller, exhibits a "thousand-yard stare", an unfocused, despondent and weary gaze which is a frequent manifestation of "combat fatigue"

Combat stress reaction

3 links

Acute behavioral disorganization as a direct result of the trauma of war.

Acute behavioral disorganization as a direct result of the trauma of war.

A U.S. Marine, Pvt. Theodore J. Miller, exhibits a "thousand-yard stare", an unfocused, despondent and weary gaze which is a frequent manifestation of "combat fatigue"
A U.S. Long Range Reconnaissance Patrol leader in Vietnam, 1968.

Combat stress reaction symptoms align with the symptoms also found in psychological trauma, which is closely related to post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD).

A job applicant exhibiting a facial configuration that in certain cultures is an expression of worry.

Anxiety

3 links

Emotion which is characterized by an unpleasant state of inner turmoil and it includes subjectively unpleasant feelings of dread over anticipated events.

Emotion which is characterized by an unpleasant state of inner turmoil and it includes subjectively unpleasant feelings of dread over anticipated events.

A job applicant exhibiting a facial configuration that in certain cultures is an expression of worry.
Painting entitled Anxiety, 1894, by Edvard Munch
A marble bust of the Roman Emperor Decius from the Capitoline Museum. This portrait "conveys an impression of anxiety and weariness, as of a man shouldering heavy [state] responsibilities".

In Art and Artist (1932), the psychologist Otto Rank wrote that the psychological trauma of birth was the pre-eminent human symbol of existential anxiety and encompasses the creative person's simultaneous fear of – and desire for – separation, individuation, and differentiation.

Healed scars on the forearm from prior self harm

Self-harm

3 links

Intentional behavior that is considered harmful to oneself.

Intentional behavior that is considered harmful to oneself.

Healed scars on the forearm from prior self harm
A flow chart of two theories of self-harm
The results of self-flagellation, as part of an annual Shia mourning ritual (Muharram)
One of the consequences of the Black Death was practiced self-flogging.
A ritual flagellation tool known as a zanjir, used in Muharram observances
Feather-plucking in a Moluccan Cockatoo
Lick granuloma from excessive licking
Deaths from self-harm per million people in 2012 
3–23
24–32
33–49
50–61
62–76
77–95
96–121
122–146
147–193
194–395
World-map showing the disability-adjusted life year, which is a measure of each country's disease burden, for self-inflicted injuries per 100,000 inhabitants in 2004.
no data
less than 80
80–160
160–240
240–320
320–400
400–480
480–560
560–640
640–720
720–800
800–850
more than 850

Self-harm is often associated with a history of trauma, including emotional and sexual abuse.

Hermann Ebbinghaus (1850–1909)

Flashback (psychology)

1 links

Psychological phenomenon in which an individual has a sudden, usually powerful, re-experiencing of a past experience or elements of a past experience.

Psychological phenomenon in which an individual has a sudden, usually powerful, re-experiencing of a past experience or elements of a past experience.

Hermann Ebbinghaus (1850–1909)
Mid Sagittal cut of human brain
The hippocampus is highlighted in red.

The "special mechanism" view is clinically oriented in that it holds that involuntary memories are due to traumatic events, and the memories for these events can be attributed to a special memory mechanism.

Jean-Martin Charcot demonstrating hypnosis in a hysterical patient to his students. Hysteria as a clinical diagnosis was later replaced by conversion disorder.

Conversion disorder

1 links

Diagnostic category used in some psychiatric classification systems.

Diagnostic category used in some psychiatric classification systems.

Jean-Martin Charcot demonstrating hypnosis in a hysterical patient to his students. Hysteria as a clinical diagnosis was later replaced by conversion disorder.
Jean-Martin Charcot demonstrating hypnosis in a hysterical patient to his students. Hysteria as a clinical diagnosis was later replaced by conversion disorder.

Conversion disorder begins with some stressor, trauma, or psychological distress.

A girl showing signs of fear and anxiety in an uncertain environment

Fear

2 links

Intensely unpleasant emotion in response to perceiving or recognizing a danger or threat.

Intensely unpleasant emotion in response to perceiving or recognizing a danger or threat.

A girl showing signs of fear and anxiety in an uncertain environment
"The Man Made Mad with Fear", a painting by Gustave Courbet.
A prisoner at Abu Graib shows fear of a US army dog during prisoner abuse.
Painting by Guido Reni c. 1611
A still from the film Carnival of Souls.

Fear can be learned by experiencing or watching a frightening traumatic accident.

The bang of firecrackers can be a trauma trigger for some people.

Trauma trigger

0 links

The bang of firecrackers can be a trauma trigger for some people.

A trauma trigger is a psychological stimulus that prompts involuntary recall of a previous traumatic experience.