Psychology

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Psychology is the science of behavior and mind, including conscious and unconscious phenomena, as well as feeling and thought.wikipedia
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Mind

mentalhuman mindmental content
Psychology is the science of behavior and mind, including conscious and unconscious phenomena, as well as feeling and thought.
There is a lengthy tradition in philosophy, religion, psychology, and cognitive science about what constitutes a mind and what are its distinguishing properties.

Science

scientificsciencesscientific knowledge
Psychology is the science of behavior and mind, including conscious and unconscious phenomena, as well as feeling and thought.
Modern science is typically divided into three major branches that consist of the natural sciences (e.g., biology, chemistry, and physics), which study nature in the broadest sense; the social sciences (e.g., economics, psychology, and sociology), which study individuals and societies; and the formal sciences (e.g., logic, mathematics, and theoretical computer science), which study abstract concepts.

Social science

social sciencessocial scientistsocial
As a social science it aims to understand individuals and groups by establishing general principles and researching specific cases. In this field, a professional practitioner or researcher is called a psychologist and can be classified as a social, behavioral, or cognitive scientist.
These social sciences include, but are not limited to: anthropology, archaeology, communication studies, economics, history, human geography, jurisprudence, linguistics, political science, psychology, public health, and sociology.

Personality psychology

personalitypersonalitiespersonality theory
Psychologists explore behavior and mental processes, including perception, cognition, attention, emotion (affect), intelligence, phenomenology, motivation (conation), brain functioning, and personality.
Personality psychology is a branch of psychology that studies personality and its variation among individuals.

Phenomenology (psychology)

phenomenologyphenomenologicalphenomenologist
Psychologists explore behavior and mental processes, including perception, cognition, attention, emotion (affect), intelligence, phenomenology, motivation (conation), brain functioning, and personality.
Phenomenology within psychology (phenomenological psychology) is the psychological study of subjective experience.

Neuroscience

neurobiologyneuroscientistneurobiological
Psychologists attempt to understand the role of mental functions in individual and social behavior, while also exploring the physiological and biological processes that underlie cognitive functions and behaviors.
It is a multidisciplinary branch of biology that combines physiology, anatomy, molecular biology, developmental biology, cytology, mathematical modeling and psychology to understand the fundamental and emergent properties of neurons and neural circuits.

Psychologist

psychologistsClinical psychologistresearch psychologist
In this field, a professional practitioner or researcher is called a psychologist and can be classified as a social, behavioral, or cognitive scientist.
To become a psychologist, a person often completes a graduate university degree in psychology, but in most jurisdictions, members of other behavioral professions (such as counselors and psychiatrists) can also evaluate, diagnose, treat, and study mental processes.

Consciousness

consciousconsciouslyhuman consciousness
Psychology is the science of behavior and mind, including conscious and unconscious phenomena, as well as feeling and thought.
Thanks to developments in technology over the past few decades, consciousness has become a significant topic of interdisciplinary research in cognitive science, with significant contributions from fields such as psychology, anthropology, neuropsychology and neuroscience.

Attention

concentrationfocusinattention
Psychologists explore behavior and mental processes, including perception, cognition, attention, emotion (affect), intelligence, phenomenology, motivation (conation), brain functioning, and personality.
Attention remains a major area of investigation within education, psychology, neuroscience, cognitive neuroscience, and neuropsychology.

Emotion

emotionsemotionalemotional state
Psychologists explore behavior and mental processes, including perception, cognition, attention, emotion (affect), intelligence, phenomenology, motivation (conation), brain functioning, and personality.
In psychology and philosophy, emotion typically includes a subjective, conscious experience characterized primarily by psychophysiological expressions, biological reactions, and mental states.

Counseling psychology

counselingcounseling psychologistcounselling psychology
In addition, or in opposition, to employing empirical and deductive methods, some—especially clinical and counseling psychologists—at times rely upon symbolic interpretation and other inductive techniques.
Counseling psychology is a psychological specialty that encompasses research and applied work in several broad domains: counseling process and outcome; supervision and training; career development and counseling; and prevention and health.

Psychotherapy

psychotherapistpsychotherapeutictherapy
While psychological knowledge is often applied to the assessment and treatment of mental health problems, it is also directed towards understanding and solving problems in several spheres of human activity.
Psychotherapy is the use of psychological methods, particularly when based on regular personal interaction, to help a person change behavior and overcome problems in desired ways.

List of psychology disciplines

sub-disciplines within psychology
Psychology has been described as a "hub science" in that medicine tends to draw psychological research via neurology and psychiatry, whereas social sciences most commonly draws directly from sub-disciplines within psychology.
This non-exhaustive list contains many of the sub-fields within the field of psychology:

Mental health

behavioral healthmentalmental hygiene
While psychological knowledge is often applied to the assessment and treatment of mental health problems, it is also directed towards understanding and solving problems in several spheres of human activity.
Mental health is a level of psychological well-being or an absence of mental illness - the state of someone who is functioning at a satisfactory level of emotional and behavioural adjustment". From the perspectives of positive psychology or of holism, mental health may include an individual's ability to enjoy life, and to create a balance between life activities and efforts to achieve psychological resilience. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), mental health includes "subjective well-being, perceived self-efficacy, autonomy, competence, inter-generational dependence, and self-actualization of one's intellectual and emotional potential, among others." The WHO further states that the well-being of an individual is encompassed in the realization of their abilities, coping with normal stresses of life, productive work and contribution to their community.

Cognitive science

cognitive scientistcognitive sciencescognitive
In this field, a professional practitioner or researcher is called a psychologist and can be classified as a social, behavioral, or cognitive scientist.
Mental faculties of concern to cognitive scientists include language, perception, memory, attention, reasoning, and emotion; to understand these faculties, cognitive scientists borrow from fields such as linguistics, psychology, artificial intelligence, philosophy, neuroscience, and anthropology.

Health psychology

health psychologisthealthpsychological
Some are employed in industrial and organizational settings, or in other areas such as human development and aging, sports, health, and the media, as well as in forensic investigation and other aspects of law.
It is concerned with understanding how psychological, behavioral, and cultural factors contribute to physical health and illness.

Forensic psychology

forensic psychologistforensicforensic psychologists
Some are employed in industrial and organizational settings, or in other areas such as human development and aging, sports, health, and the media, as well as in forensic investigation and other aspects of law.
Forensic psychology is the intersection between psychology and the justice system.

Affect (psychology)

affectaffectiveaffects
Psychologists explore behavior and mental processes, including perception, cognition, attention, emotion (affect), intelligence, phenomenology, motivation (conation), brain functioning, and personality.
The affective domain represents one of the three divisions described in modern psychology: the cognitive, the conative, and the affective. Classically, these divisions have also been referred to as the "ABC of psychology", in that case using the terms "affect", "behavior", and "cognition".

William James

JamesWilliamJames, William
In 1890, William James defined psychology as "the science of mental life, both of its phenomena and their conditions".
William James (1842–1910) was an American philosopher and psychologist, and the first educator to offer a psychology course in the United States.

Psyche (psychology)

psychehuman psychepsyches
The word psychology derives from Greek roots meaning study of the psyche, or soul (ψυχή psychē, "breath, spirit, soul" and -λογία -logia, "study of" or "research").
In psychology, the psyche is the totality of the human mind, conscious and unconscious.

John B. Watson

WatsonJohn WatsonJohn Broadus Watson
However, this meaning was contested, notably by radical behaviorists such as John B. Watson, who in his 1913 manifesto defined the discipline of psychology as the acquisition of information useful to the control of behavior.
John Broadus Watson (January 9, 1878 – September 25, 1958) was an American psychologist who established the psychological school of behaviorism.

Behavioural sciences

behavioral sciencebehavioral sciencesbehavioral
In this field, a professional practitioner or researcher is called a psychologist and can be classified as a social, behavioral, or cognitive scientist.
Examples of behavioral sciences include psychology, psychobiology, anthropology, and cognitive science.

Legal psychology

psychology and lawjudicial decisionslaw
Some are employed in industrial and organizational settings, or in other areas such as human development and aging, sports, health, and the media, as well as in forensic investigation and other aspects of law.
Legal psychology involves empirical, psychological research of the law, legal institutions, and people who come into contact with the law.

Philosophy

philosophicalphilosopherhistory of philosophy
The ancient civilizations of Egypt, Greece, China, India, and Persia all engaged in the philosophical study of psychology.
In the modern era, some investigations that were traditionally part of philosophy became separate academic disciplines, including psychology, sociology, linguistics, and economics.

Sport psychology

sports psychologistsport psychologistsports psychology
Some are employed in industrial and organizational settings, or in other areas such as human development and aging, sports, health, and the media, as well as in forensic investigation and other aspects of law.
Sport psychology is an interdisciplinary science that draws on knowledge from many related fields including biomechanics, physiology, kinesiology and psychology.