Psychopathology

psychopathologicalpsychopathologiespsychopathologistpathologicalpathologypsychopathologicallyabnormal psychologyanti-socialbehaviordisordered human behavior
Psychopathology is the scientific study of mental disorders, including efforts to understand their genetic, biological, psychological, and social causes; develop classification schemes (nosology) which can improve treatment planning and treatment outcomes; understand the course of psychiatric illnesses across all stages of development; more fully understand the manifestations of mental disorders; and investigate potentially effective treatments.wikipedia
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Sigmund Freud

FreudFreudianFreudian theory
In the nineteenth century, greatly influenced by Rousseau's ideas and philosophy, Austrian psychoanalyst Sigmund Freud would bring about psychotherapy and become the father of psychoanalysis, a clinical method for treating psychopathology through dialogue between a patient and a psychoanalyst.
Sigmund Freud (born Sigismund Schlomo Freud; 6 May 1856 – 23 September 1939) was an Austrian neurologist and the founder of psychoanalysis, a clinical method for treating psychopathology through dialogue between a patient and a psychoanalyst.

Psychiatry

psychiatricpsychiatristpsychiatrists
Psychopathology is distinct from psychiatry by virtue of being a theoretical field of scientific research rather than a speciality of medical practice.
Both approaches are important in the field of psychiatry, but have not sufficiently reconciled to settle controversy over either the selection of a psychiatric paradigm or the specification of psychopathology.

Psychology

psychologicalpsychologistpsychologists
Psychopathology is the scientific study of mental disorders, including efforts to understand their genetic, biological, psychological, and social causes; develop classification schemes (nosology) which can improve treatment planning and treatment outcomes; understand the course of psychiatric illnesses across all stages of development; more fully understand the manifestations of mental disorders; and investigate potentially effective treatments.
More recently, the availability of microarray molecular genetic or genome sequencing technologies allows researchers to measure participant DNA variation directly, and test whether individual genetic variants within genes are associated with psychological traits and psychopathology through methods including genome-wide association studies.

Animal psychopathology

Activity anorexiaAnimal psychopathology § PicaCanine compulsive disorder
Historically, there has been an anthropocentric tendency to emphasize the study of animal psychopathologies as models for human mental illnesses.

Developmental psychopathology

development
Psychopathology is the scientific study of mental disorders, including efforts to understand their genetic, biological, psychological, and social causes; develop classification schemes (nosology) which can improve treatment planning and treatment outcomes; understand the course of psychiatric illnesses across all stages of development; more fully understand the manifestations of mental disorders; and investigate potentially effective treatments.

Abnormal psychology

abnormalAbnormal psychologistpsychological
Psychopathology is a similar term to abnormal psychology but has more of an implication of an underlying pathology (disease process), and as such is a term more commonly used in the medical specialty known as psychiatry.

Child psychopathology

child and adolescentChild and adolescent psychologychild psychiatrist
Oppositional defiant disorder, attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder, and autism spectrum disorder are examples of psychopathology that are typically first diagnosed during childhood.

Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders

DSM-IVDSM-IV-TRDSM
As psychopathology has typically been studied and implemented as a categorical system, like the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual system developed for clinicians, the dimensional system of the p factor provides an alternative conceptualization of mental disorders that might improve our understanding of psychopathology in general; lead to more precise diagnoses; and facilitate more effective treatment approaches.
Despite the lack of consensus on underlying causation, advocates for specific psychopathological paradigms have nonetheless faulted the current diagnostic scheme for not incorporating evidence-based models or findings from other areas of science.

Biological psychopathology

It is known by several alternative names, including "clinical neuroscience" and "experimental psychopathology."

Schizophrenia

schizophrenicschizophrenicspositive symptoms

Biological psychiatry

biologicalbiological psychiatristbiopsychiatry
It is interdisciplinary in its approach and draws on sciences such as neuroscience, psychopharmacology, biochemistry, genetics, epigenetics and physiology to investigate the biological bases of behavior and psychopathology.

Glossary of psychiatry

Flight of ideaslogocloniaterm used in psychiatry
Torpor in psychopathology is usually taken to mean profound inactivity not caused by reduction in consciousness.

Mental disorder

mental illnessnervous breakdownmentally ill
Psychopathology is the scientific study of mental disorders, including efforts to understand their genetic, biological, psychological, and social causes; develop classification schemes (nosology) which can improve treatment planning and treatment outcomes; understand the course of psychiatric illnesses across all stages of development; more fully understand the manifestations of mental disorders; and investigate potentially effective treatments.
Psychopathology in non-human primates has been studied since the mid-20th century.

Biology

biologicalBiological Sciencesbiologist
Psychopathology is the scientific study of mental disorders, including efforts to understand their genetic, biological, psychological, and social causes; develop classification schemes (nosology) which can improve treatment planning and treatment outcomes; understand the course of psychiatric illnesses across all stages of development; more fully understand the manifestations of mental disorders; and investigate potentially effective treatments.

Causality

causalcause and effectcausation
Psychopathology is the scientific study of mental disorders, including efforts to understand their genetic, biological, psychological, and social causes; develop classification schemes (nosology) which can improve treatment planning and treatment outcomes; understand the course of psychiatric illnesses across all stages of development; more fully understand the manifestations of mental disorders; and investigate potentially effective treatments.

Nosology

nosologicalnosologiesdisease classifications
Psychopathology is the scientific study of mental disorders, including efforts to understand their genetic, biological, psychological, and social causes; develop classification schemes (nosology) which can improve treatment planning and treatment outcomes; understand the course of psychiatric illnesses across all stages of development; more fully understand the manifestations of mental disorders; and investigate potentially effective treatments.

Therapy

therapeutictherapisttreatment
Psychopathology is the scientific study of mental disorders, including efforts to understand their genetic, biological, psychological, and social causes; develop classification schemes (nosology) which can improve treatment planning and treatment outcomes; understand the course of psychiatric illnesses across all stages of development; more fully understand the manifestations of mental disorders; and investigate potentially effective treatments.

Pathology

pathologistpathologicalpathologies
At least conceptually, psychopathology is a subset of pathology, which is the "... scientific study of the nature of disease and its causes, processes, development, and consequences."

Academic publishing

research papersacademic paperacademic publisher
Psychopathology is distinct from psychiatry by virtue of being a theoretical field of scientific research rather than a speciality of medical practice.

Specialty (medicine)

medical specialtyspecialtyspecialist
Psychopathology is distinct from psychiatry by virtue of being a theoretical field of scientific research rather than a speciality of medical practice.

Superstition

superstitioussuperstitionsbad luck
Early explanations for mental illnesses were influenced by religious belief and superstition.

Hippocrates

HippocraticHippocrates of CosHippocrates of Kos
The Greek physician Hippocrates was one of the first to reject the idea that mental disorders were caused by possession of demons or the devil.

Plato

Plato's dialoguesDialogues of PlatoPlatonic dialogues
Furthermore, not far from Hippocrates, the philosopher Plato would come to argue the mind, body, and spirit worked as a unit.

Jean-Jacques Rousseau

RousseauJean Jacques RousseauJ.-J. Rousseau
Philosopher Jean-Jacques Rousseau introduced the notion that trauma in childhood could have negative implications later in adulthood.

Karl Jaspers

JaspersJaspers, KarlJaspersian
The scientific discipline of psychopathology was founded by Karl Jaspers in 1913.