Public Pledge on Self-Discipline for the Chinese Internet Industry

Public Pledge on Self-discipline
The Public Pledge on Self-Discipline for the Chinese Internet Industry is an agreement between the Chinese internet industry regulator and companies that operate sites in China.wikipedia
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Internet Society of China

The pledge was created in 2002 by the Internet Society of China, a self-governing Chinese internet industry body, and within a month of launch had been signed by more than 100 Chinese web companies such as Baidu, Soseen, Sina, and Sohu, as well as by Peking University, Tsinghua University, and Chinese government offices.
The ISC issues what the Chinese government calls “self-disciplinary regulations,” including the Public Pledge on Self-Discipline for the Chinese Internet Industry, which has been signed by thousands of organizations operating websites in China, including Baidu, Soseen, Yahoo, Microsoft and Google.

Internet censorship in China

ChinaInternet censorshipblocked in China
Internet censorship in the People's Republic of China
On 16 March 2002, the Internet Society of China, a self-governing Chinese Internet industry body, launched the Public Pledge on Self-Discipline for the Chinese Internet Industry, an agreement between the Chinese Internet industry regulator and companies that operate sites in China.

Baidu

CHN Baidu Chart Baidu New Singles Top 100Baidu Inc
The pledge was created in 2002 by the Internet Society of China, a self-governing Chinese internet industry body, and within a month of launch had been signed by more than 100 Chinese web companies such as Baidu, Soseen, Sina, and Sohu, as well as by Peking University, Tsinghua University, and Chinese government offices.

Sina Corp

Sinasina.comSina TV
The pledge was created in 2002 by the Internet Society of China, a self-governing Chinese internet industry body, and within a month of launch had been signed by more than 100 Chinese web companies such as Baidu, Soseen, Sina, and Sohu, as well as by Peking University, Tsinghua University, and Chinese government offices.

Sohu

Sohu TVSohu.comSohu.com, Inc.
The pledge was created in 2002 by the Internet Society of China, a self-governing Chinese internet industry body, and within a month of launch had been signed by more than 100 Chinese web companies such as Baidu, Soseen, Sina, and Sohu, as well as by Peking University, Tsinghua University, and Chinese government offices.

Peking University

Beijing UniversityPekingBeijing
The pledge was created in 2002 by the Internet Society of China, a self-governing Chinese internet industry body, and within a month of launch had been signed by more than 100 Chinese web companies such as Baidu, Soseen, Sina, and Sohu, as well as by Peking University, Tsinghua University, and Chinese government offices.

Tsinghua University

TsinghuaTsinghua CollegeTsinghua School
The pledge was created in 2002 by the Internet Society of China, a self-governing Chinese internet industry body, and within a month of launch had been signed by more than 100 Chinese web companies such as Baidu, Soseen, Sina, and Sohu, as well as by Peking University, Tsinghua University, and Chinese government offices.

ICP license

ICPICPsInternet Content Provider (ICP) license
Signing it is officially optional, but without having signed it firms are ineligible to receive a Chinese Internet Content Provider license, which is required to obtain a .cn domain.

Domain name

domaindomain namesdomains
Signing it is officially optional, but without having signed it firms are ineligible to receive a Chinese Internet Content Provider license, which is required to obtain a .cn domain.

Human rights

human righthuman rights violationshuman rights abuses
The pledge has been criticized by human rights and freedom of expression organizations such as Amnesty International, Human Rights Watch, Reporters Without Borders, the Committee to Protect Journalists, and American firms have been criticized as compromising American values related to freedom of speech in order to make money by signing it.

Amnesty International

AmnestyAmnesty International NorwayAmnesty Norway
The pledge has been criticized by human rights and freedom of expression organizations such as Amnesty International, Human Rights Watch, Reporters Without Borders, the Committee to Protect Journalists, and American firms have been criticized as compromising American values related to freedom of speech in order to make money by signing it.

Human Rights Watch

HRWAmericas WatchHuman Right Watch
The pledge has been criticized by human rights and freedom of expression organizations such as Amnesty International, Human Rights Watch, Reporters Without Borders, the Committee to Protect Journalists, and American firms have been criticized as compromising American values related to freedom of speech in order to make money by signing it.

Reporters Without Borders

Worldwide Press Freedom IndexReporters Without Borders GermanyRSF
The pledge has been criticized by human rights and freedom of expression organizations such as Amnesty International, Human Rights Watch, Reporters Without Borders, the Committee to Protect Journalists, and American firms have been criticized as compromising American values related to freedom of speech in order to make money by signing it.

Committee to Protect Journalists

CPJCommittee to Protect Journalists (CPJ)CJP
The pledge has been criticized by human rights and freedom of expression organizations such as Amnesty International, Human Rights Watch, Reporters Without Borders, the Committee to Protect Journalists, and American firms have been criticized as compromising American values related to freedom of speech in order to make money by signing it.

Freedom of speech

free speechfreedom of expressionfree expression
The pledge has been criticized by human rights and freedom of expression organizations such as Amnesty International, Human Rights Watch, Reporters Without Borders, the Committee to Protect Journalists, and American firms have been criticized as compromising American values related to freedom of speech in order to make money by signing it.

Yahoo!

YahooYahoo! MusicYahoo.com
In 2002 Yahoo signed the pledge.

Shi Tao (journalist)

Shi Tao
Two years later, it disclosed to the Chinese government that journalist Shi Tao had sent an e-mail to a New York-based site containing notes from a Chinese government directive on how to handle the 15th anniversary of the Tiananmen Square protests of 1989.

1989 Tiananmen Square protests

Tiananmen Square protestsTiananmen SquareTiananmen Square massacre
Two years later, it disclosed to the Chinese government that journalist Shi Tao had sent an e-mail to a New York-based site containing notes from a Chinese government directive on how to handle the 15th anniversary of the Tiananmen Square protests of 1989.

United States House Committee on Foreign Affairs

Foreign AffairsCommittee on Foreign AffairsHouse Foreign Affairs Committee
significant criticism from Reporters Without Borders and others, including a statement by the chair of the United States House Foreign Affairs Committee Tom Lantos that while Yahoo is technologically and financially “giants”, “morally you are pygmies”.

Tom Lantos

LantosLantos, TomCongressman Tom Lantos
significant criticism from Reporters Without Borders and others, including a statement by the chair of the United States House Foreign Affairs Committee Tom Lantos that while Yahoo is technologically and financially “giants”, “morally you are pygmies”.

Microsoft

Microsoft CorporationMSMicrosoft Corp.
In 2005 Microsoft signed the pledge.

Windows Live Spaces

MSN SpaceSpaces
Later in 2005, it deleted from Windows Live Spaces the blog of Chinese journalist and political blogger Jing Zhao, who was known for his writings about freedom of the press in China.

Michael Anti (journalist)

Jing ZhaoMichael Anti
Later in 2005, it deleted from Windows Live Spaces the blog of Chinese journalist and political blogger Jing Zhao, who was known for his writings about freedom of the press in China.

Google

Google Inc.Google, Inc.Googling
In 2006 Google signed the pledge and then launched a censored version of its search engine, called Google.cn, inside China.

Google China

Chinese serviceGoogle BeijingGoogle has had disagreements with the Chinese government
In 2006 Google signed the pledge and then launched a censored version of its search engine, called Google.cn, inside China.