Public broadcasting

public radiopublic televisionpublicpublic broadcasterPublic Servicepublic service broadcasternon-commercialpublic service broadcastingGovernment Radiopublic-service
Public broadcasting involves radio, television and other electronic-media outlets whose primary mission is public service.wikipedia
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Television licence

licence feetelevision licence feeTV licence
Public broadcasters may receive their funding from an obligatory television licence fee, individual contributions, government funding or commercial sources.
A TV licence is therefore effectively a hypothecated tax for the purpose of funding public broadcasting, thus allowing public broadcasters to transmit television programmes without, or with only supplemental, funding from radio and television advertisements.

Commercial broadcasting

commercialcommercial radiocommercial television
Commercial broadcasting now also exists in most of these countries; the number of countries with only public broadcasting declined substantially during the latter part of the 20th century.
It was the United States′ first model of radio (and later television) during the 1920s, in contrast with the public television model in Europe during the 1930s, 1940s and 1950s, which prevailed worldwide, except in the United States and Brazil, until the 1980s.

Canadian Broadcasting Corporation

CBCRadio-CanadaRadio Canada
For example, the CBC is funded by advertising revenue supplemented by a government subsidy to support its television service.
The Canadian Broadcasting Corporation (Société Radio-Canada), branded as CBC/Radio-Canada, is a Canadian federal Crown corporation that serves as the national public broadcaster for both radio and television.

BBC

British Broadcasting Corporationthe BBCBBC Music
The model, established in the 1920s, of the British Broadcasting Corporation—an organization widely trusted, even by citizens of the Axis Powers during World War II—was widely emulated throughout Europe, the British Empire, and later the Commonwealth.
The British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) is a British public service broadcaster.

Special Broadcasting Service

SBSSBS TelevisionSBS TV
The multicultural Special Broadcasting Service (SBS), another public broadcaster, now accepts limited sponsorship and advertising.
The Special Broadcasting Service (SBS) is a hybrid-funded Australian public broadcasting radio, online and television network.

Pledge drive

pledgescelebrity callersPledge
In the United States, public broadcasters may receive some funding from both federal and state sources, but generally most of their financial support comes from underwriting by foundations and businesses (ranging from small shops to corporations), along with audience contributions via pledge drives.
A pledge drive is an extended period of fundraising activities, generally used by public broadcasting stations to increase contributions.

Televisión Pública Argentina

TV PúblicaCanal 7Channel 7
Televisión Pública Argentina, the first national TV station, 68 years old.
Televisión Pública Argentina (Argentine Public Television, abbreviated TPA) is a publicly owned Argentine television network, the national public broadcaster.

Canadian Radio Broadcasting Commission

CRBC
It is the successor to the Canadian Radio Broadcasting Commission (CRBC), which was established by the administration of Prime Minister R.B. Bennett in 1932, modeled on recommendations made in 1929 by the Royal Commission on Radio Broadcasting and stemming from lobbying efforts by the Canadian Radio League.
The Canadian Radio Broadcasting Commission (CRBC) was Canada's first public broadcaster and the immediate precursor to the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation.

CBC Television

CBCCBC-TVCBC TV
CBC operates two national television networks (CBC Television and Ici Radio-Canada Télé), four radio networks (CBC Radio One, CBC Radio 2, Ici Radio-Canada Première and Ici Musique) and several cable television channels including two 24-hour news channels (CBC News Network and Ici RDI) in both of Canada's official languages – English and French – and the French-language science channel Ici Explora.
CBC Television (also known as CBC TV) is a Canadian English-language broadcast television network that is owned by the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation, the national public broadcaster.

TV Brasil

TVE BrasilFator XNatália
EBC owns broadcast networks such as TV Brasil (launched in 2007, being the merger of Rio de Janeiro's TV Educativa (1975–2007) and Brasília's TV Nacional (1960–2007), and the stations Nacional and Radio MEC in Brasilia and Rio de Janeiro.
TV Brasil is a Brazilian public television network owned by Empresa Brasil de Comunicação.

Ici Radio-Canada Première

Première ChaîneRadio-CanadaPremière
CBC operates two national television networks (CBC Television and Ici Radio-Canada Télé), four radio networks (CBC Radio One, CBC Radio 2, Ici Radio-Canada Première and Ici Musique) and several cable television channels including two 24-hour news channels (CBC News Network and Ici RDI) in both of Canada's official languages – English and French – and the French-language science channel Ici Explora.
Ici Radio-Canada Première (formerly Première Chaîne) is a Canadian French-language radio network, the news and information service of the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation (known as Société Radio-Canada in French), the public broadcaster of Canada.

Ici Radio-Canada Télé

Radio-CanadaTélévision de Radio-CanadaSRC
CBC operates two national television networks (CBC Television and Ici Radio-Canada Télé), four radio networks (CBC Radio One, CBC Radio 2, Ici Radio-Canada Première and Ici Musique) and several cable television channels including two 24-hour news channels (CBC News Network and Ici RDI) in both of Canada's official languages – English and French – and the French-language science channel Ici Explora.
Ici Radio-Canada Télé (stylized as ICI Radio-Canada TēLē, and formerly known as Télévision de Radio-Canada) is a Canadian French-language free-to-air television network that is owned by Société Radio-Canada (known in English as the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation), the national public broadcaster.

PBS

Public Broadcasting ServicePublic Broadcasting SystemPBS Television
Most of the provincial services maintain an educational programming format, differing from the primarily entertainment-based CBC/Radio-Canada operations, but more closely formatted to (and carrying many of the same programs as) the U.S.-based Public Broadcasting Service (PBS), which itself is available terrestrially and – under a CRTC rule that requires Canadian cable, satellite and IPTV providers to carry affiliates of the four major U.S. commercial networks (ABC, NBC, CBS and Fox) and a PBS member station – through pay television providers in Canada via member stations located near the U.S.–Canada border.
The Public Broadcasting Service (PBS) is an American public broadcaster and television program distributor.

TVOntario

TVOTV OntarioOntario Educational Communications Authority
These educational public broadcasters include the English-language TVOntario (TVO) and the French-language TFO in Ontario, Télé-Québec in Quebec, and Knowledge Network in British Columbia.
TVOntario (often shortened to TVO and stylized on-air as tvo) is a Canadian publicly funded English language educational television station and media organization serving the Canadian province of Ontario.

Télé-Québec

Radio-QuébecRadio-QuebecTele-Quebec
These educational public broadcasters include the English-language TVOntario (TVO) and the French-language TFO in Ontario, Télé-Québec in Quebec, and Knowledge Network in British Columbia.
The Société de télédiffusion du Québec (Quebec Television Broadcasting Corporation), branded as Télé-Québec, is a Canadian French language public educational television network in the province of Quebec.

CJRT-FM

CJRTJAZZ.FM91Jazz FM 91
CJRT-FM in Toronto also operated as a public government-owned radio station for many years; while no longer funded by the provincial government, it still solicits most of its budget from listener and corporate donations and is permitted to air only a very small amount of commercial advertising.
CJRT-FM is a Canadian public radio station which broadcasts at 91.1 FM in Toronto, Ontario as JAZZ.FM91.

Canadian Radio League

Canadian Broadcasting League
It is the successor to the Canadian Radio Broadcasting Commission (CRBC), which was established by the administration of Prime Minister R.B. Bennett in 1932, modeled on recommendations made in 1929 by the Royal Commission on Radio Broadcasting and stemming from lobbying efforts by the Canadian Radio League.
The Canadian Radio League was a public pressure group led by Graham Spry and Alan Plaunt to mobilize support for the establishment of public broadcasting in Canada.

Knowledge Network

KnowledgeKnowledge KidsKnowledge Network Corporation
These educational public broadcasters include the English-language TVOntario (TVO) and the French-language TFO in Ontario, Télé-Québec in Quebec, and Knowledge Network in British Columbia.
Knowledge Network, also branded as British Columbia's Knowledge Network, is a Canadian publicly funded educational cable television network serving the province of British Columbia.

Televisión Nacional de Chile

TVNTVN (Chile)National Television of Chile
This network, created in 1964 and in operation since October 24, 1969, is known as "Televisión Nacional de Chile".
Televisión Nacional de Chile (TVN) is a Chilean public service broadcaster.

Community radio

communitycommunity radio stationcommunity radio stations
Canada also has a large number of campus radio and community radio stations.
Community radio is a radio service offering a third model of radio broadcasting in addition to commercial and public broadcasting.

Rádio Nacional

NacionalAlô, alô, Brasil, 40 anos da Rádio NacionalEBC
EBC owns broadcast networks such as TV Brasil (launched in 2007, being the merger of Rio de Janeiro's TV Educativa (1975–2007) and Brasília's TV Nacional (1960–2007), and the stations Nacional and Radio MEC in Brasilia and Rio de Janeiro.
The Brazilian system of public radio began to be assembled from the incorporation into state assets of the Rádio Nacional, a Rio de Janeiro-based station in 1936, by President Getúlio Vargas.

Wisconsin Public Radio

WHSFHere on Earth - Radio Without BordersWisconsin Public Radio (WPR)
Networks such as Iowa Public Radio, South Dakota Public Radio, and Wisconsin Public Radio began under this structure.
Wisconsin Public Radio is a network of 34 public radio stations in the state of Wisconsin.

WFIU

W236AE
The Federal Communications Commission (FCC) reserved the lower 5 frequencies of the band – between 42.1 and 42.9 MHz – for such stations; when the FM band moved in 1945 to 88-106 MHz (later expanded to 108 MHz), the frequencies from 88.1-91.9 MHz were set aside for non-commercial educational stations, though they are not limited to those frequencies (for example, WFIU in Bloomington, Indiana has its FM frequency at 103.7 MHz).
WFIU is a public radio FM station broadcasting from Indiana University in Bloomington, Indiana.

CBS

CBS TelevisionColumbia Broadcasting SystemCBS-TV
Most of the provincial services maintain an educational programming format, differing from the primarily entertainment-based CBC/Radio-Canada operations, but more closely formatted to (and carrying many of the same programs as) the U.S.-based Public Broadcasting Service (PBS), which itself is available terrestrially and – under a CRTC rule that requires Canadian cable, satellite and IPTV providers to carry affiliates of the four major U.S. commercial networks (ABC, NBC, CBS and Fox) and a PBS member station – through pay television providers in Canada via member stations located near the U.S.–Canada border.
CBS did attempt to sign on a station in Pittsburgh after the "freeze" was lifted, as that city was then the sixth-largest market but only had one commercial VHF station in DuMont-owned WDTV, while the rest were either on UHF (the modern-day WPGH-TV and WINP-TV) or public television (WQED).

Public Broadcasting Act of 1967

Public Broadcasting ActactThe Public Broadcasting Act of 1967
The passage of the Public Broadcasting Act of 1967 – which was signed by President Lyndon B. Johnson, and was modeled in part after a 1965 study on educational television by the Carnegie Corporation of New York – precipitated the development of the current public broadcasting system in the U.S. The legislation established the Corporation for Public Broadcasting (CPB), a private entity that is charged with facilitating programming diversity among public broadcasters, the development and expansion of non-commercial broadcasting, and providing funding to local stations to help them create programs; the CPB receives funding earmarked by the federal government as well as through public and private donations.
The Public Broadcasting Act of 1967 set up public broadcasting in the United States, establishing the Corporation for Public Broadcasting (CPB) and, eventually, the Public Broadcasting Service (PBS), and National Public Radio (NPR).