A report on Public company

The New York Stock Exchange Building in 2015
Courtyard of the Amsterdam Stock Exchange (or Beurs van Hendrick de Keyser in Dutch)
One of the oldest known stock certificates, issued by the VOC chamber of Enkhuizen, dated 9 Sep 1606

Company whose ownership is organized via shares of stock which are intended to be freely traded on a stock exchange or in over-the-counter markets.

- Public company
The New York Stock Exchange Building in 2015

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U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission

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Independent agency of the United States federal government, created in the aftermath of the Wall Street Crash of 1929.

Independent agency of the United States federal government, created in the aftermath of the Wall Street Crash of 1929.

Joseph P. Kennedy Sr, the inaugural Chairman of the SEC
U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission headquarters in Washington, D.C., near Union Station

To achieve its mandate, the SEC enforces the statutory requirement that public companies and other regulated companies submit quarterly and annual reports, as well as other periodic reports.

New York Stock Exchange in New York City, USA is the world's largest stock exchange per total market capitalization of its listed companies.

Stock exchange

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Exchange where stockbrokers and traders can buy and sell securities, such as shares of stock, bonds, and other financial instruments.

Exchange where stockbrokers and traders can buy and sell securities, such as shares of stock, bonds, and other financial instruments.

New York Stock Exchange in New York City, USA is the world's largest stock exchange per total market capitalization of its listed companies.
The term bourse is derived from the 13th-century inn named "Huis ter Beurze" (center) in Bruges. From Dutch-speaking cities of the Low Countries, the term 'beurs' spread to other European states where it was corrupted into 'bourse', 'borsa', 'bolsa', 'börse', etc. In England, too, the term ‘bourse’ was used between 1550 and 1775, eventually giving way to the term ‘royal exchange’.
Courtyard of the Amsterdam Stock Exchange (1670), by Job Adriaensz Berckheyde
A 17th-century engraving depicting the Amsterdam Stock Exchange (Amsterdam's old bourse, a.k.a. Beurs van Hendrick de Keyser in Dutch), built by Hendrick de Keyser (c. 1612).
London Stock Exchange in 1810
The New Oriental Bank and Share Market, Bombay (now Mumbai) in 1875 acting as Bombay Stock Exchange
New York Stock Exchange in New York City, USA is the largest stock exchange in the world.
Nasdaq in New York City, USA is the second-largest stock exchange in the world
Shanghai Stock Exchange in Shanghai, China is third-largest stock exchange in the world.
Registered building of Euronext in Amsterdam, Netherlands for the European Union is the fourth-largest stock exchange in the world.
Tokyo Stock Exchange in Tokyo, Japan is the fifth-largest stock exchange in the world and second-largest in Asia
Hong Kong Stock Exchange in Hong Kong is the sixth-largest stock exchange in the world, the largest stock exchange of a city state and is the third-largest in Asia.
Shenzhen Stock Exchange in Shenzhen, China is the seventh-largest stock exchange in the world, fourth-largest in Asia and second-largest in China.
London Stock Exchange in London, UK is the eighth-largest stock exchange in the world, largest non-EU European Stock Exchange and second largest in Europe.
Bombay Stock Exchange in Mumbai, India is the ninth-largest stock exchange in the world, oldest and fifth-largest in Asia, largest in India. It is the fastest stock exchange in the world
National Stock Exchange in Mumbai, India is the tenth-largest stock exchange in the world, sixth-largest in Asia and second-largest in India.
Australian Securities Exchange in Sydney, Australia is the largest stock exchange in Oceania
B3 in Sao Paulo, Brazil is the largest stock exchange in South America
The Johannesburg Stock Exchange in Johannesburg, South Africa is the largest stock exchange in Africa

Securities traded on a stock exchange include stock issued by listed companies, unit trusts, derivatives, pooled investment products and bonds.

Courtyard of the Amsterdam Stock Exchange (Beurs van Hendrick de Keyser) by Emanuel de Witte, 1653.

Initial public offering

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Public offering in which shares of a company are sold to institutional investors and usually also to retail (individual) investors.

Public offering in which shares of a company are sold to institutional investors and usually also to retail (individual) investors.

Courtyard of the Amsterdam Stock Exchange (Beurs van Hendrick de Keyser) by Emanuel de Witte, 1653.

Through this process, colloquially known as floating, or going public, a privately held company is transformed into a public company.

Shareholder

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A shareholder (in the United States often referred to as stockholder) of a corporation is an individual or legal entity (such as another corporation, a body politic, a trust or partnership) that is registered by the corporation as the legal owner of shares of the share capital of a public or private corporation.

Privately held company

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Company which does not offer or trade its company stock to the general public on the stock market exchanges, but rather the company's stock is offered, owned and traded or exchanged privately or over-the-counter.

Company which does not offer or trade its company stock to the general public on the stock market exchanges, but rather the company's stock is offered, owned and traded or exchanged privately or over-the-counter.

Though less visible than their publicly traded counterparts, private companies have major importance in the world's economy.

Typical dividend frequencies for different countries shown in a dividend calendar

Dividend

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Distribution of profits by a corporation to its shareholders.

Distribution of profits by a corporation to its shareholders.

Typical dividend frequencies for different countries shown in a dividend calendar

Public companies usually pay dividends on a fixed schedule, but may declare a dividend at any time, sometimes called a special dividend to distinguish it from the fixed schedule dividends.

Sen. Paul Sarbanes (D–MD) (left) and Rep. Michael G. Oxley (R–OH-4) (right), the co-sponsors of the Sarbanes–Oxley Act

Sarbanes–Oxley Act

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United States federal law that mandates certain practices in financial record keeping and reporting for corporations.

United States federal law that mandates certain practices in financial record keeping and reporting for corporations.

Sen. Paul Sarbanes (D–MD) (left) and Rep. Michael G. Oxley (R–OH-4) (right), the co-sponsors of the Sarbanes–Oxley Act
Before the signing ceremony of the Sarbanes–Oxley Act, President George W. Bush met with Senator Paul Sarbanes, Secretary of Labor Elaine Chao and other dignitaries in the Blue Room at the White House on July 30, 2002

The act,, also known as the "Public Company Accounting Reform and Investor Protection Act" (in the Senate) and "Corporate and Auditing Accountability, Responsibility, and Transparency Act" (in the House) and more commonly called Sarbanes–Oxley, SOX or Sarbox, contains eleven sections that place requirements on all U.S. public company boards of directors and management and public accounting firms.

Goldman Sachs

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American multinational investment bank and financial services company headquartered in New York City.

American multinational investment bank and financial services company headquartered in New York City.

Goldman Sachs Tower at 30 Hudson Street in Jersey City.
Goldman Sachs River Court Building, Fleet Street, London
Salt Lake City office at 222 South Main
Logo of Marcus by Goldman Sachs
Former Prime Minister of Greece Lucas Papademos
Steven Mandis
Rajat Gupta
Example of physical Apple Card, issued by Goldman Sachs

After decades of debate among the partners, the company became a public company via an initial public offering in May 1999.

Unlisted public company

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An unlisted public company is a public company that is not listed on any stock exchange.

A modern corporate office building in Münster, North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany.

Company

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A company can be created as a legal person so that the company itself has limited liability as members perform or fail to discharge their duty according to the publicly declared incorporation, or published policy.

A company can be created as a legal person so that the company itself has limited liability as members perform or fail to discharge their duty according to the publicly declared incorporation, or published policy.

A modern corporate office building in Münster, North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany.
An office building of Nokia Corporation in Hervanta, Tampere, Finland.

publicly traded company or a