Pumpkin

pumpkinssweet pumpkinsBarriguitas de ViejaKabochumpkinPunkinWild Pumpkin
A pumpkin is a cultivar of a squash plant, most commonly of Cucurbita pepo, that is round with smooth, slightly ribbed skin, and most often deep yellow to orange in coloration.wikipedia
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Cucurbita pepo

squashC. pepoCucurbita polymorpha
A pumpkin is a cultivar of a squash plant, most commonly of Cucurbita pepo, that is round with smooth, slightly ribbed skin, and most often deep yellow to orange in coloration.
It yields varieties of winter squash and pumpkin, but the most widespread varieties belong to the subspecies Cucurbita pepo subsp.

Pumpkin pie

Pumpkin pie spiceKungullurPumpkin
Pumpkin pie, for instance, is a traditional part of Thanksgiving meals in Canada and the United States, and pumpkins are frequently carved as jack-o'-lanterns for decoration around Halloween, although commercially canned pumpkin purée and pumpkin pie fillings are usually made from different kinds of winter squash than the ones used for jack-o'-lanterns.
Pumpkin pie is a dessert pie with a spiced, pumpkin-based custard filling.

Winter squash

togan
Specific cultivars of winter squash derived from other species, including C. argyrosperma and C. moschata, are also sometimes called "pumpkin". Other than the traditionally defined pumpkin, commercially canned "pumpkin" purée and pumpkin pie fillings may contain other winter squashes, such as butternut squash.
In New Zealand and Australian English, the term "pumpkin" generally refers to the broader category called "winter squash".

Cucurbita moschata

C. moschatapumpkinahuyama
Specific cultivars of winter squash derived from other species, including C. argyrosperma and C. moschata, are also sometimes called "pumpkin".
It includes cultivars known as squash or pumpkin.

Cucurbita

squashsquashesmarrow
A pumpkin is a cultivar of a squash plant, most commonly of Cucurbita pepo, that is round with smooth, slightly ribbed skin, and most often deep yellow to orange in coloration. Some exceptionally large cultivars of squash with similar appearance have also been derived from Cucurbita maxima. Pumpkins that are still small and green may be eaten in the same way as squash or zucchini.
Five species are grown worldwide for their edible fruit, variously known as squash, pumpkin, or gourd depending on species, variety, and local parlance, and for their seeds.

Carotenoid

carotenoidscarotinoidketo-carotenoid
The color of pumpkins derives from orange carotenoid pigments, including beta-cryptoxanthin, alpha and beta carotene, all of which are provitamin A compounds converted to vitamin A in the body.
Carotenoids give the characteristic color to pumpkins, carrots, corn, tomatoes, canaries, flamingos, and daffodils.

Cucurbita argyrosperma

cushawC. argyrospermaCushaw squash
Specific cultivars of winter squash derived from other species, including C. argyrosperma and C. moschata, are also sometimes called "pumpkin".
It is a Cucurbita species, with pumpkin varieties that are commonly cultivated in the United States as part of the Eastern Agricultural Complex and Mexico south to Nicaragua.

Jack-o'-lantern

jack-o-lanternJack O'Lanternpumpkin carving
Pumpkin pie, for instance, is a traditional part of Thanksgiving meals in Canada and the United States, and pumpkins are frequently carved as jack-o'-lanterns for decoration around Halloween, although commercially canned pumpkin purée and pumpkin pie fillings are usually made from different kinds of winter squash than the ones used for jack-o'-lanterns. The traditional American pumpkin used for jack-o-lanterns is the Connecticut field variety.
A jack-o'-lantern (or jack o'lantern) is a carved pumpkin, turnip, or other root vegetable lantern associated with Halloween.

Connecticut field pumpkin

Connecticut field
The traditional American pumpkin used for jack-o-lanterns is the Connecticut field variety.
pepo)' is a type of pumpkin.

Cucurbita maxima

Hubbard squashC. maximabuttercup squash
Some exceptionally large cultivars of squash with similar appearance have also been derived from Cucurbita maxima. Giant pumpkins are a large squash (within the group of common squash Cucurbita maxima) that can exceed 1 tonne in weight.
Buttercup squash, a common cultivar, can be roasted, baked, and mashed into soups, among a variety of filler uses, much like pumpkin.

Morton, Illinois

Morton
Nestlé, operating under the brand name Libby's, produces 85% of the processed pumpkin in the United States, at their plant in Morton, Illinois.
Morton is a village in Tazewell County, Illinois, United States, known for its pumpkins and annual Pumpkin Festival.

Alpha-Carotene

α-carotenealpha carotenealpha-
The color of pumpkins derives from orange carotenoid pigments, including beta-cryptoxanthin, alpha and beta carotene, all of which are provitamin A compounds converted to vitamin A in the body.

Berry (botany)

berryberriespepo
Pumpkin fruits are a type of botanical berry known as a pepo.

Pumpkin seed oil

oilseed pumpkinsseed oil
Other colors, including dark green (as with some oilseed pumpkins), also exist.
Styrian oil – an export commodity of Austria and Slovenia – is made by pressing roasted, hull-less pumpkin seeds from a local variety of pumpkin, the "Styrian oil pumpkin" (Cucurbita pepo subsp.

Mashed pumpkin

mashed
In its native North America, pumpkins are a very important, traditional part of the autumn harvest, eaten mashed and making its way into soups and purées.
Mashed pumpkin is a vegetable dish made by cooking or macerating the skinless flesh (pulp) of pumpkins and then mashing, straining, grinding, or puréeing until the desired consistency is achieved.

Zucchini

courgettecourgettesZucchini bread
Pumpkins that are still small and green may be eaten in the same way as squash or zucchini.
Along with certain other squashes and pumpkins, the zucchini belongs to the species Cucurbita pepo.

Vitamin A

Avitamins ARAE
The color of pumpkins derives from orange carotenoid pigments, including beta-cryptoxanthin, alpha and beta carotene, all of which are provitamin A compounds converted to vitamin A in the body.

Vegetable

vegetablessalad vegetablewild vegetables
In Guangxi province, China, the leaves of the pumpkin plant are consumed as a cooked vegetable or in soups.
The staple diet of the Aztecs in Central America was maize and they cultivated tomatoes, avocados, beans, peppers, pumpkins, squashes, peanuts, and amaranth seeds to supplement their tortillas and porridge.

Beta-Carotene

β-carotenebeta caroteneprovitamin A
The color of pumpkins derives from orange carotenoid pigments, including beta-cryptoxanthin, alpha and beta carotene, all of which are provitamin A compounds converted to vitamin A in the body.
Vietnamese gac (Momordica cochinchinensis Spreng.) and crude palm oil are particularly rich sources, as are yellow and orange fruits, such as cantaloupe, mangoes, pumpkin, and papayas, and orange root vegetables such as carrots and sweet potatoes.

Butternut squash

butternutbuttersquash
Other than the traditionally defined pumpkin, commercially canned "pumpkin" purée and pumpkin pie fillings may contain other winter squashes, such as butternut squash.
It has a sweet, nutty taste similar to that of a pumpkin.

Giant pumpkin

Atlantic GiantAtlantic Giant Pumpkin
Giant pumpkins are a large squash (within the group of common squash Cucurbita maxima) that can exceed 1 tonne in weight.
A giant pumpkin is an orange fruit of the squash C. maxima commonly weighing from 150 pounds to over one ton.

Sambar (dish)

sambarsambharhuli
Pumpkin is used to make sambar in Udupi cuisine.
Some variations of sambhar include ingredients such as moong dal and pumpkin.

Pumpkin chucking

Punkin ChunkinPumpkin chunkingWorld Championship Punkin Chunkin
Pumpkin chunking is a competitive activity in which teams build various mechanical devices designed to throw a pumpkin as far as possible.
Pumpkin chucking, or for rhyming purposes Punkin Chunkin and Pumpkin Chunking, is the sport of hurling or 'chucking' a pumpkin solely by mechanical means for distance.

Sarah Frey

Illinois farmer Sarah Frey is called "the Pumpkin Queen of America" and sells around five million pumpkins annually, predominantly for use as lanterns.
She owns Frey Farms, the largest H-2A visa employer in Illinois as well as the largest grower of pumpkins in the United States.

Tempura

TenpuraShrimp tempuraTaiwanese "tempura
In Japan, small pumpkins are served in savory dishes, including tempura.