Punctal plug

Punctal plugslacrimal plugsPunctal occlusion
A punctal plug, also known as tear duct plug or lacrimal plug, is a small medical device that is inserted into the tear duct (puncta) of an eye to block the duct.wikipedia
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Nasolacrimal duct

tear ducttear ductsduct
A punctal plug, also known as tear duct plug or lacrimal plug, is a small medical device that is inserted into the tear duct (puncta) of an eye to block the duct.
Persons with dry eye conditions can be fitted with punctal plugs that seal the ducts to limit the amount of fluid drainage and retain moisture.

Sjögren syndrome

Sjögren's syndromeSjogren's syndromeSjogren syndrome
* Sjogren's syndrome for management/treatment of dry eyes
For dry eyes artificial tears, medications to reduce inflammation, punctal plugs, or surgery to shut the tear ducts, may be tried.

Epiphora (medicine)

epiphoraexcess tearingExcessive tearing
Some adverse outcomes from participants included spontaneous plug loss, epiphora, ocular irritation, foreign body sensation, and local inflammatory reaction.
A systematic review studying the usage of punctal plugs for treatment of dry eye reported a few cases of epiphora among participants.

Dry eye syndrome

keratoconjunctivitis siccadry eyedry eyes
* Sjogren's syndrome for management/treatment of dry eyes They are used to treat dry eye.
Another option is lacrimal plugs that prevent tears from draining from the surface of the eye.

Medical device

medical devicesmedical equipmentmedical instrument
A punctal plug, also known as tear duct plug or lacrimal plug, is a small medical device that is inserted into the tear duct (puncta) of an eye to block the duct.

Human eye

eyeeyeseyeball
A punctal plug, also known as tear duct plug or lacrimal plug, is a small medical device that is inserted into the tear duct (puncta) of an eye to block the duct.

Artificial tears

Artificial tearAkwa TearsBion Tears
Artificial tears are usually still required after punctal plug insertion.

Collagen

procollagencollagenscollagen fibers
These are made of collagen and are dissolvable.

Silicone

siliconespolysiloxanesilicone gel
Permanent punctal plugs are usually made of silicone.

Systematic review

systematic reviewsreviewsystematic literature review
A systematic review by the Cochrane Collaboration sought to assess the safety and efficacy of punctal plugs for the management of dry eye.

Cochrane (organisation)

Cochrane reviewCochrane CollaborationCochrane
A systematic review by the Cochrane Collaboration sought to assess the safety and efficacy of punctal plugs for the management of dry eye.

Pilocarpine

SalagenadsorbocarpineOcusert Pilo
Punctal plugs may be more effective than oral pilocarpine, but may be less effective than artificial tears.

Cauterization

electrocauterycauterizecautery
If punctal plugs are at least partly effective, thermal, electric or radiofrequency (RF) cauterization of puncti can be performed with local sedation.

Electrosurgery

electrosurgicalBovieBovie knife
RF cauterization is an electrosurgery office procedure that can be performed by an oculoplastic eye surgeon using a hyfrecator.

Oculoplastics

oculoplasticoculoplastic surgeryOculoplastic surgeon
RF cauterization is an electrosurgery office procedure that can be performed by an oculoplastic eye surgeon using a hyfrecator.

Hyfrecator

RF cauterization is an electrosurgery office procedure that can be performed by an oculoplastic eye surgeon using a hyfrecator.

Loteprednol

Loteprednol etabonateLotemaxAlrex
Any lasting sensitivity as a result of this cover can be reversed using short-term use of steroid eye drops such as those containing loteprednol.

LASIK

laser eye surgeryLASIK surgeryIntraLASIK
Punctal occlusion is accomplished by placing a collagen or silicone plug in the tear duct, which normally drains fluid from the eye.

Lagophthalmos

sleeping with her eyes open
Punctal plugs may be used to increase the amount of lubrication on the surface of the eyeball by blocking some of the tear drainage ducts.

Rose bengal

PV-10Rose bengal sodiumrose-bengal
Rose bengal has been used for ocular surface staining to study the efficacy of punctal plugs in the treatment of keratoconjunctivitis sicca.

Lattice corneal dystrophy

Finnish type amyloidosisFinnish amyloidosisFinnish-type
As patients with LCD suffer with dry eyes as a result of erosion, a new technique involving the insertion of punctal plugs (both upper and lower) can reduce the amount of drops used a day, aiding ocular stability.