Pune

Residential High Rises in Pune,India
The circular Nandi mandapa at the Pataleshwar cave temple built in the Rashtrakuta era (753-982)
Skyscrapers under construction in Pune South
An equestrian statue of Peshwa Baji Rao I outside Shaniwar Wada. He expanded the Maratha Empire in north India c. 1730.
British Government House, Ganesh Khind, Poona (c. 1875)
National Chemical Laboratory
Vetal Hill Panorama, a prominent hill in Pune. Elevation c. 800 m
Tulshibaug Lane in Pune, a busy shopping hub of Pune
Baner, when it was a recently developed suburb of Pune.
Hadapsar, a recently developed suburb of Pune.
EON IT Park, Kharadi
Kirloskar Group headquarters in Pune
Volkswagen India Plant and offices in Pune
Force Motors plant in Pune
Shinde Chhatri in Wanowrie, Pune.
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Deccan college houses the museums of Maratha history and Indian archaeology
Ganpati procession by Jnana Prabodhini school
Maharashtra Cricket Association Stadium
Pune Municipal Corporation Building
Khadakwasla reservoir, the main source of water for the city
St. Vincent's High School, Camp, Pune.
Jnana Prabodhini Prashala, Sadashiv Peth, Pune
Savitribai Phule Pune University headquarters. During the British era, the building served as the Monsoon residence for the Governor of the Bombay Presidency.
Pune Railway Station – entrance
An EMU on the Pune–Lonavla suburban line
Deccan Express with Vistadome Coach
Local buses in Pune
Pune Metro during trial Run
A highway leading into Pune
Departure lounge at Pune Airport
B. J. Medical College, Pune was established in 1878 and is associated with the Sassoon Hospital.

Seventh most populous city in India and the second-largest city in the state of Maharashtra, with an estimated population of 7.4 million It has been ranked "the most liveable city in India" several times.

- Pune

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Shivaji

Indian ruler and a member of the Bhonsle Maratha clan.

Shivaji's portrait (1680s) from the collection of British Museum
Shivneri Fort
South India at the turn of the 17th century
An early-20th-century painting by Sawlaram Haldankar of Shivaji fighting the Bijapuri general Afzal Khan
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A 20th century depiction of Shivaji's surprise attack on Mughal general Shaista Khan in Pune by M.V. Dhurandhar
Raja Jai Singh of Amber receiving Shivaji a day before concluding the Treaty of Purandar
20th century depiction by M.V. Dhurandhar of Raja Shivaji at the court of Mughal Badshah, Aurangzeb.
Statue of Shivaji opposite Gateway of India in South Mumbai
20th century depiction of the Coronation Durbar with over 100 characters depicted in attendance by M.V. Dhurandhar
Sambhaji, Shivaji's elder son who succeeded him
Sajjangad, where Samarth Ramdas was invited by Shivaji to reside, is now a place of pilgrimage.
Royal seal of Shivaji
Suvela Machi, view of southern sub-plateaux, as seen from Ballekilla, Rajgad
Sindudurg Fort provided anchorages for Shivaji's Navy
Maratha Empire at its peak in 1758
An early-20th-century painting by M. V. Dhurandhar of Shivaji and Baji Prabhu at Pawan Khind
A miniature Bronze statue of Shivaji Maharaj in the collection of the Shri Bhavani Museum of Aundh
Statue of Shivaji at Raigad Fort
A replica of Raigad Fort built by children on occasion of Diwali as a tribute to Shivaji.

Shahaji often changed his loyalty between the Nizamshahi of Ahmadnagar, the Adilshah of Bijapur and the Mughals, but always kept his jagir (fiefdom) at Pune and his small army.

Pimpri-Chinchwad

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Morya Gosavi temple, Chinchwad
Monument depicting Chapekar Brothers, Chinchwad
Cognizant, Hinjawadi
Pune International Airport
Rainbow BRTS terminus at Bhosari
Pune Metro near PCMC Bhavan
Chapekar Wada in Chinchwad was the residence of the Chapekar brothers
View of Maharashtra Cricket Association Stadium at night
University of Pune

Chinchwad is the birthplace of the Chapekar brothers: Damodar Hari (1870–1898), Balkrishna Hari (1873–1899) and Vasudeo Hari, who assassinated W. C. Rand, a British civil service officer and the chairman of the Special Plague Committee of Poona (Pune), on 22 June 1897.

Maratha Empire

Confederacy that came to dominate a large portion of early modern India in the 18th century.

The Maratha Empire in 1758 with the Nizam of Hyderabad and the Mughal Empire as its vassals
Maratha kingdom in 1680 (yellow)
A portrait of Shivaji Maharaj
Sambhaji, eldest son of Shivaji
Peshwa Balaji Vishwanath
Peshwa Baji Rao I
Peshwa Balaji Bajirao
Peshwa Madhavrao I
Mahadaji Shinde restored the Maratha domination of northern India
A mural depicting the British surrender during the First Anglo-Maratha War. The mural is a part of the Victory Memorial (Vijay Stambh) located at Vadgaon Maval, Pune.
Peshwa Madhavrao II in his court in 1790, concluding a treaty with the British
Battle of Assaye during the Second Anglo-Maratha War
Peshwa Baji Rao II signing of the Treaty of Bassein with the British
Maratha king of Gwalior at his palace
Pratapgad fort, one of the earliest forts administered by Shivaji.
Maratha darbar or court.
Gold coins minted during Shivaji's era, 17th century.
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Maratha Gurabs ships attacking a British East India Company ship
Arms of Maratha
Ramchandra Pant Amatya
Thanjavur Maratha palace
Maratha Empire at its peak in 1759 (orange)
Maratha Empire in 1760 (yellow)
Maratha Empire in 1765 (yellow)
Maratha Empire in 1795 (yellow)
Maratha Empire in 1805
Maratha Princely States in 1823

In 1775, the East India Company intervened in a Peshwa family succession struggle in Pune, which led to the First Anglo-Maratha War in which the Marathas emerged victorious.

Second Anglo-Maratha War

The second conflict between the British East India Company and the Maratha Empire in India.

The Battle of Assaye, a painting by J.C. Stadler
Political map of India in 1792, compared to yellow borders of 1700.
Battle of Assaye 1st Battalion 8th Regiment of Native Infantry charge at the cannon, led by Captain Hugh Macintosh

The Maratha Empire at that time consisted of a confederacy of five major chiefs: the Peshwa (Prime Minister) at the capital city of Poona, the Gaekwad chief of Baroda, the Scindia chief of Gwalior, the Holkar chief of Indore, and the Bhonsale chief of Nagpur.

Adil Shahi dynasty

Shia, and later Sunni Muslim, dynasty founded by Yusuf Adil Shah, that ruled the Sultanate of Bijapur, centred on present-day Bijapur district, Karnataka in India, in the Western area of the Deccan region of Southern India from 1489 to 1686.

Genealogy of Yusuf Adil Shah
Ibrahim Adil Shah II
Sultan Ali Adil Shah II hunting a tiger, c 1660
A painting of "The House of Bijapur" was completed in the year 1680, during the reign of Sikandar Adil Shah the last ruler of the Adil Shahi dynasty.
Chand Bibi, the regent of Bijapur (1580–90)
Gol Gumbaz
A manuscript depicting the ruler of Bijapur in the year 1591, Ibrahim Adil Shah II.
Sultan Ibrahim Adil Shah II
Asar Mahal

Although his other comrades like Shaikh Salahuddin, Shaikh Saiful Mulk and Syed Haji Makki were settled in Pune, Haidra and Tikota respectively.

Deccan Plateau

Located between the Western Ghats and the Eastern Ghats, and is loosely defined as the peninsular region between these ranges that is south of the Narmada river.

Deccan plateau, Hyderabad, India
The Deccan Plateau is a major part of South India (see inset for north and south Deccan Plateau)
Hogenakal Falls, Tamil Nadu
Tiruvannamalai hill, often regarded as the southern tip of the Deccan plateau, the city of Tiruvannamalai in Tamil Nadu itself considered the gateway to the plateau
Near Hampi, Karnataka
Rock formations at Hyderabad, Telangana Hills of granite boulders are a common feature of the landscape on the Deccan plateau.
Deccan Traps in Maharashtra

The large cities in the Deccan are Bangalore, the capital of Karnataka; Hyderabad, the capital of Telangana; Pune, the cultural hub of Maharashtra; Nagpur, the second capital of Maharashtra and Nashik, the wine capital of Maharashtra.

Khadki

Kirkee War Cemetery
Kirkee War Cemetery

Khadki is a cantonment in the city of Pune, India.

Shaniwar Wada

Gate of the Shaniwar Wada
An equestrian statue of Peshwa Baji Rao I, Prime Minister of the Maratha Empire, in the Shaniwar Wada complex. He was the first resident of the fortified palace.
The imposing walls of the Shaniwar Wada, in an 1860 photograph
Shaniwar Wada palace's Delhi Gate or Delhi Darwaza.
Shaniwar Wada palace fountain, the Hazari Karanje
Jharokhas at the Shaniwar wada.
A hall in the first floor above dilli darwaja (Delhi Gate)
Gardens of Shaniwar Wada

Shaniwar Wada is a historical fortification in the city of Pune, India.

Mutha River

River in western Maharashtra, India.

The Mutha river between Onkareshwar temple and Shivaji bridge in the 1980s

It arises in the Western Ghats and flows eastward until it merges with the Mula River in the city of Pune.

Pune Metropolitan Region

Pune Metropolitan Region (PMR) is the metropolitan region around the city of Pune.