Punjab Province (British India)

PunjabPunjab ProvinceBritish PunjabPunjab, British Indiaundivided PunjabPunjab (British India)province of PunjabPunjab Province, British IndiaPunjab Province of British Indiathe Punjab
Punjab, also spelled Panjab, was a province of British India.wikipedia
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Punjab

Punjab regionPanjabPunjabi
Most of the Punjab region was annexed by the East India Company in 1849, and was one of the last areas of the Indian subcontinent to fall under British control.
In British India, until the Partition of Punjab in 1947, the Punjab Province encompassed the present-day Indian states and union territories of Punjab, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, Chandigarh, and Delhi; and the Pakistani provinces of Punjab and Islamabad Capital Territory.

Lahore

Lahore, PakistanLahore, PunjabLahore Subah
The province comprised five administrative divisions, Delhi, Jullundur, Lahore, Multan and Rawalpindi and a number of princely states.
Lahore was then annexed to the British Empire, and made capital of British Punjab.

Partition of India

independencepartitionIndian independence
In 1947, the partition of India led to the province being divided into East Punjab and West Punjab, in the newly independent dominions, Union of India and Dominion of Pakistan respectively.
The partition involved the division of two provinces, Bengal and the Punjab, based on district-wise Hindu or Muslim majorities.

East Punjab

PunjabEastern PunjabEast
In 1947, the partition of India led to the province being divided into East Punjab and West Punjab, in the newly independent dominions, Union of India and Dominion of Pakistan respectively.
East Punjab (known simply as Punjab from 1950) was a province and later a state of India from 1947 until 1966, consisting of the parts of the Punjab Province of British India that went to India following the partition of the province between India and Pakistan by the Radcliffe Commission in 1947.

Delhi

Delhi, IndiaNational Capital Territory of DelhiNational Capital Territory
The province comprised five administrative divisions, Delhi, Jullundur, Lahore, Multan and Rawalpindi and a number of princely states. It encompassed the present day Indian states of Punjab, Haryana, Chandigarh, Delhi, and Himachal Pradesh (but excluding the former princely states which were later combined into the Patiala and East Punjab States Union) and the Pakistani regions of the Punjab, Islamabad Capital Territory and Khyber Pakhtunkhwa.
It was made a district province of the Punjab.

West Punjab

PunjabWestern PunjabWest-Punjab
In 1947, the partition of India led to the province being divided into East Punjab and West Punjab, in the newly independent dominions, Union of India and Dominion of Pakistan respectively.
The Independence of Pakistan in 1947 led to the division of the Punjab Province of British India into two new provinces.

Himachal Pradesh

HimachalHPHimachal Pradesh, India
It encompassed the present day Indian states of Punjab, Haryana, Chandigarh, Delhi, and Himachal Pradesh (but excluding the former princely states which were later combined into the Patiala and East Punjab States Union) and the Pakistani regions of the Punjab, Islamabad Capital Territory and Khyber Pakhtunkhwa.
Prior to India's independence from the British, Himachal comprised the hilly regions of Punjab Province of British India.

Punjab, Pakistan

PunjabPunjab ProvincePunjab (Pakistan)
It encompassed the present day Indian states of Punjab, Haryana, Chandigarh, Delhi, and Himachal Pradesh (but excluding the former princely states which were later combined into the Patiala and East Punjab States Union) and the Pakistani regions of the Punjab, Islamabad Capital Territory and Khyber Pakhtunkhwa.
The province was formed when the Punjab province of British India was divided along religious boundaries in 1947 by the Radcliffe Line after Partition.

Chandigarh

Chandigarh, IndiaChandigarh AdministrationChandigarh Tricity
It encompassed the present day Indian states of Punjab, Haryana, Chandigarh, Delhi, and Himachal Pradesh (but excluding the former princely states which were later combined into the Patiala and East Punjab States Union) and the Pakistani regions of the Punjab, Islamabad Capital Territory and Khyber Pakhtunkhwa.
After the partition of India in 1947, the former British province of Punjab was split between East Punjab in India (mostly Sikhs and Hindus) and West Punjab in Pakistan (mostly Muslim).

List of governors of Punjab (British India)

Governor of the PunjabGovernor of PunjabLieutenant-Governor of the Punjab
Sir John Lawrence, then Chief Commissioner, was appointed the first Lieutenant-Governor on 1January 1859.
The Governor of the Punjab was head of the British administration in the province of the Punjab.

Jallianwala Bagh massacre

Amritsar MassacreJallianwala BaghJallianwalla Bagh Massacre
This led to the infamous Jallianwala Bagh massacre in April 1919 where the British colonel Reginald Dyer ordered his troops to fire on a group of some 10,000 unarmed protesters and Baisakhi pilgrims.
The Jallianwala Bagh massacre, also known as the Amritsar massacre, took place on 13 April 1919 when Acting Brigadier-General Reginald Dyer ordered troops of the British Indian Army to fire their rifles into a crowd of unarmed civilians in Jallianwala Bagh, Amritsar, Punjab, killing at least 400, including 41 children, one only six weeks old.

1907 Punjab unrest

Punjab after 1907
Conditions in the Chenab colony, together with land reforms such as the Punjab Land Alienation Act, 1900 and the Colonisation Bill, 1906 contributed to the 1907 Punjab unrest.
The 1907 Punjab unrests were a period of unrest in the British Indian province of Punjab, principally around the Colonisation bill that was implemented in the province in 1906.

Khyber Pakhtunkhwa

Khyber-PakhtunkhwaNorth-West Frontier ProvinceNorth West Frontier Province
It encompassed the present day Indian states of Punjab, Haryana, Chandigarh, Delhi, and Himachal Pradesh (but excluding the former princely states which were later combined into the Patiala and East Punjab States Union) and the Pakistani regions of the Punjab, Islamabad Capital Territory and Khyber Pakhtunkhwa.
British East India Company defeated the Sikhs during the Second Anglo-Sikh War in 1849, and incorporated small parts of the region into the Province of Punjab.

Reginald Dyer

General DyerReginald Edward Harry DyerColonel Reginald Edward Harry Dyer
This led to the infamous Jallianwala Bagh massacre in April 1919 where the British colonel Reginald Dyer ordered his troops to fire on a group of some 10,000 unarmed protesters and Baisakhi pilgrims.
As a temporary brigadier-general he was responsible for the Jallianwala Bagh massacre in Amritsar (in the province of Punjab).

Punjab Land Alienation Act, 1900

Land Alienation ActPunjab Land Alienation Act of 1900Punjab Land Alienation Act
Conditions in the Chenab colony, together with land reforms such as the Punjab Land Alienation Act, 1900 and the Colonisation Bill, 1906 contributed to the 1907 Punjab unrest.
The Punjab Land Alienation Act of 1900 was a piece of legislation introduced by the British Raj with the aim of limiting the transfer of land ownership in Punjab Province.

Lala Lajpat Rai

Lajpat RaiLajpatLala Lajapatrai
Mass demonstrations were organised, headed by Lala Lajpat Rai, a leader of the Hindu revivalist sect Arya Samaj.
In the late 1870s, his father was transferred to Rewari, where he had his initial education in Government Higher Secondary School, Rewari, Punjab province (now in Haryana, India), where his father was posted as an Urdu teacher.

Sikandar Hayat Khan (Punjabi politician)

Sikandar Hayat KhanSir Sikandar Hayat KhanSir Sikandar Hyat Khan
The Unionist Party under Sir Sikandar Hayat Khan formed the government in 1937.
Khan Bahadur Captain Sir Sikandar Hayat Khan, KBE, MBE (Mil.) (5 June 1892, in Multan – 25/26 December 1942), also written Sikandar Hyat-Khan or Sikandar Hyat Khan, was a statesman from the Punjab.

Presidencies and provinces of British India

British IndiaIndiaBritish
Punjab, also spelled Panjab, was a province of British India.
Upon the Partition of British India into the Dominion of India and Dominion of Pakistan, 11 provinces (Ajmer-Merwara-Kekri, Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Bihar, Bombay, Central Provinces and Berar, Coorg, Delhi, Madras, Panth-Piploda, Orissa, and the United Provinces) joined India, 3 (Baluchistan, North-West Frontier and Sindh) joined Pakistan, and 3 (Punjab, Bengal and Assam) were partitioned between India and Pakistan.

Faisalabad

LyallpurFaislabadLyalpur
A number of towns were created or saw significant development in the colonies, such as Lyallpur, Sargodha and Montgomery.
India's Bengal province was divided into East Pakistan and West Bengal (India), and the Punjab Province was divided into Punjab (West Pakistan) and Punjab, India.

Unionist Party (Punjab)

Unionist PartyUnionist Muslim LeaguePunjab Unionist Party
The Unionist Party under Sir Sikandar Hayat Khan formed the government in 1937.
The Unionist Party (Punjabi: یونینسٹ پارٹی (Shahmukhi), युनियनिस्ट पार्टी (Devanagari), ਯੂਨਯੂਨਿਸਟ ਪਾਰਟੀ (Gurmukhi) ) was a political party based in the Punjab Province during the period of British rule in India.

Malik Khizar Hayat Tiwana

Khizar Hayat TiwanaKhizar Hayat Khan TiwanaSir Khizar Hayat Tiwana
Sir Sikandar was succeeded by Malik Khizar Hayat Tiwana in 1942 who remained the Premier till partition in 1947.
Khizar was born at Chak Muzaffarabad, in the district of Sargodha, Punjab in 1900.

British Indian Army

Indian ArmyIndianreforms
During the First World War, Punjabi manpower contributed heavily to the Indian Army.
The Punjab Frontier Force was under the direct control of the Lieutenant-Governor of the Punjab during peacetime until 1886, when it came under the C-in-C, India.

North-Western Provinces

North-West ProvincesNorth Western ProvincesNorth-Western Provinces and Oudh
Delhi was transferred from the North-Western Provinces to the Punjab in 1859.
Among other regions included at various times were: the Delhi Territory, from 1836 until 1858, when the latter became part of the Punjab Province of British India; Ajmer and Merwara, from 1832 and 1846, respectively, until 1871, when Ajmer-Merwara became a minor province of British India; and the Saugor and Nerbudda Territories from 1853 until 1861, when they were absorbed into the Central Provinces.

History of India

ancient IndiaIndiaIndian history
The later name Punjab is a compound of two Persian words Panj (five) and āb (water) and was introduced to the region by the Turko-Persian conquerors of India and more formally popularised during the Mughal Empire.
Under them, India's three big provinces – Maharashtra, Bengal and Punjab shaped the demand of the people and India's nationalism.

Princely state

princely statesIndian Princely Statesprincely
The province comprised five administrative divisions, Delhi, Jullundur, Lahore, Multan and Rawalpindi and a number of princely states. It encompassed the present day Indian states of Punjab, Haryana, Chandigarh, Delhi, and Himachal Pradesh (but excluding the former princely states which were later combined into the Patiala and East Punjab States Union) and the Pakistani regions of the Punjab, Islamabad Capital Territory and Khyber Pakhtunkhwa.
The Agents of five princely states were then under the authority of Madras, 354 under Bombay, 26 of Bengal, two under Assam, 34 under Punjab, fifteen under Central Provinces and Berar and two under United Provinces.