Purnawarman

Purnawarman or Purnavarman is the 5th century king of Tarumanagara, a Hindu Indianized kingdom, located in modern-day West Java, Jakarta and Banten provinces, Indonesia.wikipedia
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Tarumanagara

PurnavarmanTarumanagara KingdomHindu Tarumanagara kingdom
Purnawarman or Purnavarman is the 5th century king of Tarumanagara, a Hindu Indianized kingdom, located in modern-day West Java, Jakarta and Banten provinces, Indonesia.
Tarumanagara or Taruma Kingdom or just Taruma is an early Sundanese Indianised kingdom, whose 5th-century ruler, Purnawarman, produced the earliest known inscriptions on Java island.

Jakarta

BataviaJakarta, IndonesiaDjakarta
Purnawarman or Purnavarman is the 5th century king of Tarumanagara, a Hindu Indianized kingdom, located in modern-day West Java, Jakarta and Banten provinces, Indonesia. In 397, King Purnawarman established a new capital city for the kingdom, located somewhere near present-day Tugu (North Jakarta) or Bekasi.
The Tugu inscription (probably written around 417 AD) discovered in Batutumbuh hamlet, Tugu village, Koja, North Jakarta, mentions that King Purnawarman of Tarumanagara undertook hydraulic projects; the irrigation and water drainage project of the Chandrabhaga river and the Gomati river near his capital.

Tugu inscription

Tarumanagara inscriptionsTugu
1) Tugu inscription The tugu inscription(which is Pre Tamil script ), which is a few years older than the Parasasti Ciaruteun, is considered the oldest of all the inscriptions.
The inscription contains information about hydraulic projects; the irrigation and water drainage project of the Chandrabhaga river by the order of Rajadirajaguru, and also the water project of the Gomati river by the order of King Purnawarman in the 22nd year of his reign.

Kebon Kopi I inscription

Kebon Kopi inscription
3) Kebon Kopi inscription
The inscription bearing the image of elephant footprint, which was copied from the elephant ride of King Purnawarman of Tarumanagara, which is equated with Airavata, the elephant vahana (vehicle) of Indra.

Ciaruteun inscription

2) Ciaruteun inscription
The inscription states King Purnawarman is the ruler of Tarumanagara.

Hindus

hinduHindiHindoos
Purnawarman or Purnavarman is the 5th century king of Tarumanagara, a Hindu Indianized kingdom, located in modern-day West Java, Jakarta and Banten provinces, Indonesia.

Greater India

IndianizedIndiaIndianised
Purnawarman or Purnavarman is the 5th century king of Tarumanagara, a Hindu Indianized kingdom, located in modern-day West Java, Jakarta and Banten provinces, Indonesia.

West Java

Sundawestwestern Java
Purnawarman or Purnavarman is the 5th century king of Tarumanagara, a Hindu Indianized kingdom, located in modern-day West Java, Jakarta and Banten provinces, Indonesia.

Banten

Banten ProvinceBantamBantam Residency
Purnawarman or Purnavarman is the 5th century king of Tarumanagara, a Hindu Indianized kingdom, located in modern-day West Java, Jakarta and Banten provinces, Indonesia.

Indonesia

🇮🇩IndonesianRepublic of Indonesia
Purnawarman or Purnavarman is the 5th century king of Tarumanagara, a Hindu Indianized kingdom, located in modern-day West Java, Jakarta and Banten provinces, Indonesia.

Vishnu

Lord VishnuViṣṇuAyya
According to these inscriptions he embarked on hydraulic project and also identified himself to Vishnu, which indicates him and his kingdom were adhering Vishnuite faith.

Vaishnavism

VaishnavaVaishnaviteVaishnavaite
According to these inscriptions he embarked on hydraulic project and also identified himself to Vishnu, which indicates him and his kingdom were adhering Vishnuite faith.

Bekasi Regency

BekasiMeester-Cornelisregency
In 397, King Purnawarman established a new capital city for the kingdom, located somewhere near present-day Tugu (North Jakarta) or Bekasi.

Sanskrit

Skt.classical SanskritSanskrit language
His name in Sanskrit means "perfect shield" or "complete protector". Jambu inscription, with a two-line inscription in Pallava and Sanskrit, bears the large footprints of the king.

Tamil language

TamilTamil-languageta
The tugu inscription(which is Pre Tamil script ), which is a few years older than the Parasasti Ciaruteun, is considered the oldest of all the inscriptions.

Pallava dynasty

PallavaPallavasPallava King
Jambu inscription, with a two-line inscription in Pallava and Sanskrit, bears the large footprints of the king.

Salakanagara

Salakanagara Kingdom
The Wangsakerta manuscript, parwa II sarga 3 (page 159 – 162) notes that under the reign of King Purnawarman, Tarumanagara held control over 48 small kingdoms with area stretching from Salakanagara or Rajatapura to Purwalingga (current city of Purbalingga in Central Java Province).

Purbalingga Regency

PurbalinggaKemangkonPoerbolinggo
The Wangsakerta manuscript, parwa II sarga 3 (page 159 – 162) notes that under the reign of King Purnawarman, Tarumanagara held control over 48 small kingdoms with area stretching from Salakanagara or Rajatapura to Purwalingga (current city of Purbalingga in Central Java Province).

History of Jakarta

BataviaJayakartaBatavia (now Jakarta)
In AD 397, King Purnawarman established Sunda Pura, located on the northern coast of West Java, as the new capital city for the kingdom.

Port of Tanjung Priok

Tanjung PriokTanjung Priok HarbourTanjung Priok Port
In AD 39, King Purnawarman established Sunda Pura as a new capital city for the kingdom, located at the northern coast of Java.

History of Indonesia

Indonesian historyhistoryhistorical
One such early kingdom was Tarumanagara, which flourished between 358 and 669 CE. Located in West Java close to modern-day Jakarta, its 5th-century King, Purnawarman, established the earliest known inscriptions in Java, the Ciaruteun inscription located near Bogor.

List of oldest continuously inhabited cities

oldest cities in the worldoldest continuously inhabited citiesoldest cities

Pakuan Pajajaran

PajajaranDayeuh PakuanPajajaran Warrior
Within this area at least three stone inscriptions were discovered, one of them is Ciaruteun inscription, linked to the illustrious king Purnawarman of Tarumanagara.