Push poll

push pollingaskedpush callingpush-pollpush-pollingscare calls
A push poll is an interactive marketing technique, most commonly employed during political campaigning, in which an individual or organization attempts to manipulate or alter prospective voters' views/beliefs under the guise of conducting an opinion poll.wikipedia
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Negative campaigning

mudslingingnegative campaignnegative advertising
Push polls are generally viewed as a form of negative campaigning.
Push polls are attacks disguised as telephone polls.

Opinion poll

pollapproval ratingopinion polling
A push poll is an interactive marketing technique, most commonly employed during political campaigning, in which an individual or organization attempts to manipulate or alter prospective voters' views/beliefs under the guise of conducting an opinion poll.
Push poll

Leading question

leading questionsleadingquestions biased
However, in all such polls, the pollster asks leading questions or suggestive questions that "push" the interviewee towards adopting an unfavourable response towards the political candidate in question.
Push polling

John McCain

McCainSenator John McCainJohn S. McCain III
In the 2000 United States Republican Party primaries, it was alleged that George W. Bush's campaign used push polling against the campaign of Senator John McCain.
An anonymous smear campaign began against McCain, delivered by push polls, faxes, e-mails, flyers, and audience plants.

Suggestive question

leading questions
However, in all such polls, the pollster asks leading questions or suggestive questions that "push" the interviewee towards adopting an unfavourable response towards the political candidate in question.
Push poll

Lee Atwater

Atwater, Harvey Lee
Political consultant Lee Atwater was also well known for using push-polling among his aggressive campaign tactics, though apologised for this in later life.
Atwater's tactics in that campaign included push polling in the form of fake surveys by so-called independent pollsters to inform white suburbanites that Turnipseed was a member of the NAACP.

Interactive marketing

interactive
A push poll is an interactive marketing technique, most commonly employed during political campaigning, in which an individual or organization attempts to manipulate or alter prospective voters' views/beliefs under the guise of conducting an opinion poll.

Political campaign

campaignelection campaignpresidential campaign
A push poll is an interactive marketing technique, most commonly employed during political campaigning, in which an individual or organization attempts to manipulate or alter prospective voters' views/beliefs under the guise of conducting an opinion poll.

Telemarketing

telemarketertelemarketerstelesales
Instead, the push poll is a form of telemarketing-based propaganda and rumor mongering, masquerading as an opinion poll.

Rumor

rumourrumoursrumors
Instead, the push poll is a form of telemarketing-based propaganda and rumor mongering, masquerading as an opinion poll.

Innuendo

sexual innuendosexual innuendosinnuendos
Push polls may rely on innuendo, or information gleaned from opposition research on the political opponent of the interests behind the poll.

Opposition research

opposition researcheroppo-researchopposition dump
Push polls may rely on innuendo, or information gleaned from opposition research on the political opponent of the interests behind the poll.

Australia

🇦🇺AUSAustralian
Legislation in Australia's Northern Territory defined push-polling as any activity conducted as part of a telephone call made, or a meeting held, during the election period for an election, that: (a) is, or appears to be, a survey (for example, a telephone opinion call or telemarketing call); and (b) is intended to influence an elector in deciding his or her vote.

Northern Territory

NTNorthern TerritoriesNorthern Territory of Australia
Legislation in Australia's Northern Territory defined push-polling as any activity conducted as part of a telephone call made, or a meeting held, during the election period for an election, that: (a) is, or appears to be, a survey (for example, a telephone opinion call or telemarketing call); and (b) is intended to influence an elector in deciding his or her vote.

American Association of Political Consultants

PollieAAPCAmerican political consultants
Push polling has been condemned by the American Association of Political Consultants and the American Association for Public Opinion Research.

American Association for Public Opinion Research

American Association for Public Opinion Research (AAPOR)Association for Public Opinion Research
Push polling has been condemned by the American Association of Political Consultants and the American Association for Public Opinion Research.

Primary election

primaryprimariesopen primary
Consequently, push polls are most used in elections with fewer voters, such as party primaries, or in close elections where a relatively small change in votes can make the difference between victory or defeat.

The Daily Telegraph

The TelegraphDaily TelegraphTelegraph
In March 2011, The Daily Telegraph reported that the Australian Labor Party was referred to the New South Wales Electoral Commission after it was alleged to have used "push polling" in Newcastle to discredit independent candidate John Stuart Tate.

Australian Labor Party

LaborLabor PartyALP
In March 2011, The Daily Telegraph reported that the Australian Labor Party was referred to the New South Wales Electoral Commission after it was alleged to have used "push polling" in Newcastle to discredit independent candidate John Stuart Tate.

New South Wales

NSWColony of New South Waleslocal government
In March 2011, The Daily Telegraph reported that the Australian Labor Party was referred to the New South Wales Electoral Commission after it was alleged to have used "push polling" in Newcastle to discredit independent candidate John Stuart Tate.

John Stuart Tate

John Tate
In March 2011, The Daily Telegraph reported that the Australian Labor Party was referred to the New South Wales Electoral Commission after it was alleged to have used "push polling" in Newcastle to discredit independent candidate John Stuart Tate.

George W. Bush

BushPresident BushPresident George W. Bush
George W. Bush had used push polls in his 1994 bid for Texas Governor against incumbent Ann Richards.

Ann Richards

Ann W. RichardsAnn Willis RichardsGov. Ann Richards
George W. Bush had used push polls in his 1994 bid for Texas Governor against incumbent Ann Richards.

2000 Republican Party presidential primaries

20002000 presidential primaries2000 Republican primaries
In the 2000 United States Republican Party primaries, it was alleged that George W. Bush's campaign used push polling against the campaign of Senator John McCain.