Qatar

QatariState of QatarQATQatar PeninsulaQAQatar Investment FundQatari PeninsulaQatar’s(Qater LeagueAl Bu Romaih
Qatar (, or ; قطر ' ; local vernacular pronunciation: ), officially the State of Qatar, is a country located in Western Asia, occupying the small Qatar Peninsula on the northeastern coast of the Arabian Peninsula.wikipedia
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Arabian Peninsula

ArabiaArabianArab Peninsula
Qatar (, or ; قطر ' ; local vernacular pronunciation: ), officially the State of Qatar, is a country located in Western Asia, occupying the small Qatar Peninsula on the northeastern coast of the Arabian Peninsula.
The peninsula consists of the countries Yemen, Oman, Qatar, Bahrain, Kuwait, Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates.

Saudi Arabia

SaudiKingdom of Saudi ArabiaKSA
Its sole land border is with neighbouring Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) monarchy Saudi Arabia to the south, with the rest of its territory surrounded by the Persian Gulf.
Saudi Arabia is bordered by Jordan and Iraq to the north, Kuwait to the northeast, Qatar, Bahrain, and the United Arab Emirates to the east, Oman to the southeast and Yemen to the south; it is separated from Israel and Egypt by the Gulf of Aqaba.

House of Al Thani

Al ThaniHouse of ThaniQatari royal family
Qatar has been ruled by the House of Thani since Mohammed bin Thani signed a treaty with the British in 1868 that recognised its separate status.
The House of Thani is the ruling family of Qatar, whose origins can be traced back to Banu Tamim tribal confederation.

United Arab Emirates

UAEEmiratiUnited Arab Emirates (UAE)
Qatar is currently the subject of a diplomatic and economic embargo by Saudi Arabia, the United Arab Emirates (UAE), Bahrain, and Egypt, which began in June 2017. The increased influence of Qatar and its role during the Arab Spring, especially during the Bahraini uprising in 2011, worsened longstanding tensions with Saudi Arabia, the neighboring United Arab Emirates (UAE), and Bahrain.
The United Arab Emirates (UAE; الإمارات العربية المتحدة '), sometimes simply called the Emirates, is a country in Western Asia at the southeast end of the Arabian Peninsula on the Persian Gulf, bordering Oman to the east and Saudi Arabia to the south and west, as well as sharing maritime borders with Qatar to the west and Iran to the north.

List of countries by GDP (PPP) per capita

GDP (PPP) per capitaGDP per capitaper capita
The country has the highest per capita income in the world.

List of countries by natural gas proven reserves

natural gas reservesproven natural gas reservesreserves
Qatar is a high-income economy, backed by the world's third-largest natural gas reserves and oil reserves.

Sasanian Empire

SassanidSasanianSassanid Empire
In 224 AD, the Sasanian Empire gained control over the territories surrounding the Persian Gulf.
At its greatest extent, the Sasanian Empire encompassed all of today's Iran, Iraq, Eastern Arabia (Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, Qatif, Qatar, UAE), the Levant (Syria, Palestine, Lebanon, Israel, Jordan), the Caucasus (Armenia, Georgia, Republic of Azerbaijan, Dagestan), Egypt, large parts of Turkey, much of Central Asia (Afghanistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Tajikistan), Yemen and Pakistan.

Constitution of Qatar

Constitution
In 2003, the constitution was overwhelmingly approved in a referendum, with almost 98% in favour. Under Emir Hamad, Qatar has experienced a moderate degree of liberalisation, including the launch of the Al Jazeera television station (1996), the endorsement of women's suffrage or right to vote in municipal elections (1999), drafting its first written constitution (2005) and inauguration of a Roman Catholic church (2008).
The Constitution of Qatar (دستور قطر Dastūr Qatar) is the supreme law of the State of Qatar.

Al Da'asa

Al Da'asa, a settlement located on the western coast of Qatar, is the most important Ubaid site in the country and is believed to have accommodated a small seasonal encampment.
Al Da'asa is an archaeological site located on the western coast of Qatar.

Persian Gulf

GulfGulf regionPersian Gulf region
Its sole land border is with neighbouring Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) monarchy Saudi Arabia to the south, with the rest of its territory surrounded by the Persian Gulf.
Countries with a coastline on the Persian Gulf are (clockwise, from the north): Iran; Oman's Musandam exclave; the United Arab Emirates; Saudi Arabia; Qatar, on a peninsula off the Saudi coast; Bahrain, on an island; Kuwait; and Iraq in the northwest.

Al Khor Island

Al Khor Islands
Kassite Babylonian material dating back to the second millennium BC found in Al Khor Islands attests to trade relations between the inhabitants of Qatar and the Kassites in modern-day Bahrain.
Al Khor Island, also known as Jazirat bin Ghanim and Purple Island, is an island located in the municipality of Al Khor on the northeast coast of Qatar.

Zubarah

Al ZubarahZubaraAl Zubarah Archaeological Site
In 1766, the Utub tribe of Al Khalifa migrated from Kuwait to Zubarah in Qatar.
Zubarah, also referred to as Al Zubarah or Az Zubarah, is a ruined and ancient fort located on the north western coast of the Qatar peninsula in the Al Shamal municipality, about 105 km from the Qatari capital of Doha.

Gulf of Bahrain

The Gulf of Bahrain, an inlet of the Persian Gulf, separates Qatar from nearby Bahrain.
The Gulf of Bahrain is an inlet of the Persian Gulf on the east coast of Saudi Arabia, separated from the main body of water by the peninsula of Qatar.

Doha

Doha, QatarDoha CornicheAd Dawhah
As punishment for piracy, an East India Company vessel bombarded Doha in 1821, destroying the town and forcing hundreds of residents to flee.
Doha (الدوحة, or ad-Dōḥa, ) is the capital and most populous city of the State of Qatar.

Mohammed bin Thani

Qatar has been ruled by the House of Thani since Mohammed bin Thani signed a treaty with the British in 1868 that recognised its separate status.
Sheikh Mohammed bin Thani (محمد بن ثاني; c. 1788 – 18 December 1878), also known as Mohammed bin Thani bin Mohammed Al Thamir, was the first Hakim (ruler) of the whole Qatari Peninsula, following his predecessor, his father, tribal leader Sheikh Thani bin Mohammed Al Thamir.

Bahrain

Kingdom of BahrainBahreinBHR
The Gulf of Bahrain, an inlet of the Persian Gulf, separates Qatar from nearby Bahrain.
Around the 1760s, the Al Jalahma and House of Khalifa, both belonging to the Utub Federation, migrated to Zubarah in modern-day Qatar, leaving Al Sabah as the sole proprietors of Kuwait.

Salwa Canal

Saudi Arabia has also proposed the construction of the Salwa Canal, which would run along the Saudi-Qatar border, effectively turning Qatar into an island.
The Salwa Canal is a proposed shipping route and tourism project through Saudi Arabia along its border with Qatar, effectively turning the latter into an island.

Al Wakrah

Al-WakrahWakraAl Wakra
In 1867, the Al Khalifa, along with the ruler of Abu Dhabi, sent a massive naval force to Al Wakrah in an effort to crush the Qatari rebels.
Al Wakrah (also spelled Al Wakra) is the capital city of the Al Wakrah Municipality in Qatar.

Murwab

Over 100 stone-built houses, two mosques, and an Abbasid fort were constructed in Murwab during this period.
Murwab is an archaeological site in northwest Qatar.

Battle of Al Wajbah

Al Wajbah
After Mehmed declined an offer to release the captives for a fee of 10,000 liras, he ordered a column of approximately 200 troops to advance towards Jassim's Al Wajbah Fort under the command of Yusuf Effendi, thus signalling the start of the Battle of Al Wajbah.
The Battle of Al Wajbah was an armed conflict that took place in March 1893 in Qatar, a province of the Ottoman Empire's Najd sanjak at that time.

Qatari–Bahraini War

Bahraini attack on Qatara warnaval attack
This resulted in the maritime Qatari–Bahraini War of 1867–1868, in which Bahraini and Abu Dhabi forces sacked and looted Doha and Al Wakrah.
The conflict pitted Bahrain and Abu Dhabi against the people of Qatar.

Hamad bin Khalifa Al Thani

Hamad bin Khalifa Al-ThaniHamad bin KhalifaSheikh Hamad bin Khalifa Al Thani
In 1995, Emir Hamad bin Khalifa Al Thani seized control of the country from his father Khalifa bin Hamad Al Thani, with the support of the armed forces and cabinet, as well as neighbouring states and France.
He was the ruling Emir of Qatar from 1995 to 2013.

Al Jazeera

Al-JazeeraAljazeeraAl Jazeera Arabic
Under Emir Hamad, Qatar has experienced a moderate degree of liberalisation, including the launch of the Al Jazeera television station (1996), the endorsement of women's suffrage or right to vote in municipal elections (1999), drafting its first written constitution (2005) and inauguration of a Roman Catholic church (2008).
Al Jazeera (الجزيرة, literally "The Island", though referring to the Arabian Peninsula in context ) is a Qatari state-funded broadcaster in Doha, Qatar, owned by the Al Jazeera Media Network.

Al Wajbah Fort

Al WajbaAl Wajbah Palace
After Mehmed declined an offer to release the captives for a fee of 10,000 liras, he ordered a column of approximately 200 troops to advance towards Jassim's Al Wajbah Fort under the command of Yusuf Effendi, thus signalling the start of the Battle of Al Wajbah.
Al Wajbah Fort is one of the oldest forts in Qatar.

Qatar–Saudi Arabia diplomatic conflict

Qatar–Saudi Arabia proxy conflictblockade of Qatardiplomatic crisis with Qatar
The increased influence of Qatar and its role during the Arab Spring, especially during the Bahraini uprising in 2011, worsened longstanding tensions with Saudi Arabia, the neighboring United Arab Emirates (UAE), and Bahrain.
The Qatar–Saudi Arabia diplomatic conflict, sometimes referred to as the Second Arab Cold War, is the ongoing struggle for regional influence between the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) monarchies of Qatar and the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA).