Qinghai

Qinghai ProvinceKokonorTsinghaiKokonor regionKokonurKukunor(Qinghai) LakeAmdoApostolic Vicariate of KokonurKokenuur
Qinghai (formerly romanized as Tsinghai, Ch'inghai or Kokonur) is a landlocked province in Northwestern China.wikipedia
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Xining

SiningQingtangXi'ning
Its capital and largest city is Xining.
Xining ( Xīníng ; ཟི་ལིང་། Ziling) is the capital of Qinghai province in western China, and the largest city on the Tibetan Plateau.

Gansu

Gansu ProvinceKansuGansu, China
Qinghai borders Gansu on the northeast, Xinjiang on the northwest, Sichuan on the southeast and the Tibet Autonomous Region on the southwest.
The seventh-largest administrative district by area at 453700 km2, Gansu lies between the Tibetan and Loess plateaus and borders Mongolia (Govi-Altai Province), Inner Mongolia and Ningxia to the north, Xinjiang and Qinghai to the west, Sichuan to the south and Shaanxi to the east.

Ma clique

Kuomintang warlordsMaMas
Qinghai province was established in 1928 under the Republic of China period during which it was ruled by Chinese Muslim warlords known as the Ma clique.
The Ma clique or Ma family warlords is a collective name for a group of Hui (Muslim Chinese) warlords in Northwestern China who ruled the Chinese provinces of Qinghai, Gansu and Ningxia for 10 years from 1919 until 1928.

Xinjiang

Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous RegionXinjiang Uygur Autonomous RegionSinkiang
Qinghai borders Gansu on the northeast, Xinjiang on the northwest, Sichuan on the southeast and the Tibet Autonomous Region on the southwest.
Xinjiang also borders the Tibet Autonomous Region and the provinces of Gansu and Qinghai.

Tibetan Plateau

Qinghai-Tibet PlateauQinghai-Tibetan PlateauQinghai–Tibet Plateau
Located mostly on the Tibetan Plateau, the province has long been a melting pot for a number of ethnic groups including the Han, Tibetans, Hui, Tu, Mongols and Salars.
The Tibetan Plateau, also known in China as the Qinghai–Tibet Plateau or the Qing–Zang Plateau or Himalayan Plateau, is a vast elevated plateau in Central Asia and East Asia, covering most of the Tibet Autonomous Region and Qinghai in western China, as well as Ladakh (Jammu and Kashmir) and Lahaul & Spiti (Himachal Pradesh) in India.

Hui people

HuiChinese MuslimHui Muslim
Qinghai province was established in 1928 under the Republic of China period during which it was ruled by Chinese Muslim warlords known as the Ma clique. Located mostly on the Tibetan Plateau, the province has long been a melting pot for a number of ethnic groups including the Han, Tibetans, Hui, Tu, Mongols and Salars.
The Hui people are more concentrated in Northwestern China (Ningxia, Gansu, Qinghai, Xinjiang), but communities exist across the country, e.g. Beijing, Xi'an, Inner Mongolia, Hebei, Hainan and Yunnan.

Qinghai Lake

Lake QinghaiKoko NorKokonor
The Chinese name "Qinghai" is after Qinghai Lake (cyan sea lake), the largest lake in China. In the middle of 3rd century CE, nomadic people related to the Mongolic Xianbei migrated to pasture lands around the Qinghai Lake (Koko Nur) and established the Tuyuhun Kingdom.
Located in an endorheic basin in Qinghai Province, to which it gave its name, Qinghai Lake is classified as an alkaline salt lake.

Salar people

SalarSalarsSalar Muslims
Located mostly on the Tibetan Plateau, the province has long been a melting pot for a number of ethnic groups including the Han, Tibetans, Hui, Tu, Mongols and Salars. The Xunhua Salar Autonomous County is where most Salar people live in Qinghai.
They live mostly in the Qinghai-Gansu border region, on both sides of the Yellow River, namely in Xunhua Salar Autonomous County and Hualong Hui Autonomous County of Qinghai and the adjacent Jishishan Bonan, Dongxiang and Salar Autonomous County of Gansu and in some parts of Henan and Shanxi.

Tibet Autonomous Region

TibetXizangXizang Province
Qinghai borders Gansu on the northeast, Xinjiang on the northwest, Sichuan on the southeast and the Tibet Autonomous Region on the southwest.
Other parts of ethno-cultural Tibet (eastern Kham and Amdo) had been under de jure administration of the Chinese dynastic government since the mid-18th century; today they are distributed among the provinces of Qinghai, Gansu, Sichuan and Yunnan.

Tibetan people

TibetanTibetansethnic Tibetan
Located mostly on the Tibetan Plateau, the province has long been a melting pot for a number of ethnic groups including the Han, Tibetans, Hui, Tu, Mongols and Salars.
As of the 2014 Census, there are about 6 million Tibetans living in the Tibet Autonomous Region and the 10 Tibetan Autonomous Prefectures in Gansu, Qinghai and Sichuan, China.

Northwest China

NorthwestNorthwestern Chinanorthwestern
Qinghai (formerly romanized as Tsinghai, Ch'inghai or Kokonur) is a landlocked province in Northwestern China.
Northwest China includes the autonomous regions of Xinjiang and Ningxia and the provinces of Shaanxi, Gansu, and Qinghai.

Oirat language

OiratOirat MongolianOirat dialect
The province was known formerly as Kokonur in English, derived from the Oirat name for Qinghai Lake.
In China it is spoken mainly in Xinjiang, but also among the Deed Mongo l of Qinghai and Subei County in Gansu.

Yellow River

YellowHuang HeYellow River Valley
During the Yuan dynasty's administrative rule of Tibet, the region comprising the headwaters of the Yellow and Yangtze rivers - what modern Tibetan nationalists call "Amdo" - was apportioned to different administrative divisions than Tibet proper.
Originating in the Bayan Har Mountains in Qinghai province of Western China, it flows through nine provinces, and it empties into the Bohai Sea near the city of Dongying in Shandong province.

Ma Qi

After the overthrow of the Qing dynasty in 1911, the region came under Chinese Muslim warlord Ma Qi's control until the Northern Expedition by the Republic of China consolidated central control in 1928, creating the province. The Muslim warlord and General Ma Qi became military governor of Qinghai, followed by his brother Ma Lin (warlord) and then Ma Qi's son Ma Bufang.
He was a senior commander in the Qinghai-Gansu region during the late Qing dynasty.

Dungan revolt (1895–96)

Dungan Revolt (1895)Dungan revolt (1895–1896)Dungan revolt
Another Dungan revolt broke out in Qinghai in 1895 when various Muslim ethnic groups in Qinghai and Gansu rebelled against the Qing.
The Dungan revolt (1895–96) was a rebellion of various Chinese Muslim ethnic groups in Qinghai and Gansu against the Qing dynasty, that originated because of a violent dispute between two Sufi orders of the same sect.

Amdo

AndoAmdo TibetanAmdo, Tibet
During the Yuan dynasty's administrative rule of Tibet, the region comprising the headwaters of the Yellow and Yangtze rivers - what modern Tibetan nationalists call "Amdo" - was apportioned to different administrative divisions than Tibet proper.
In 1928, the Ma Clique joined the Kuomintang (Chinese Nationalist Party), and during the period from 1928 to 1949, much of Amdo was gradually assimilated into the Qinghai province (and part of Gansu province) of the Kuomintang Republic of China.

Ma Bufang

Ma Pufang
The Muslim warlord and General Ma Qi became military governor of Qinghai, followed by his brother Ma Lin (warlord) and then Ma Qi's son Ma Bufang.
Ma Bufang (1903 – 31 July 1975) (, Xiao'erjing: ما بوفنگ) was a prominent Muslim Ma clique warlord in China during the Republic of China era, ruling the province of Qinghai.

Kayue culture

During China's Bronze Age, Qinghai was home to the Qiang people who traditionally made a living in agriculture and husbandry, the Kayue culture.
It was discovered in 1923 in the villages Kayue and Xiaxihe of Yunguchuan Huangzhong in China's Qinghai Province and is named after the village of Kayue.

Yushu Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture

YushuYushu PrefectureGyêgu
In 1932 Tibet invaded Qinghai, attempting to capture southern parts of Qinghai province, following contention in Yushu, Qinghai, over a monastery in 1932.
Yushu Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture (, retranscribed into Tibetan as ), also transliterated as Yüxü or Yulshul, is an autonomous prefecture of southwestern Qinghai province, China.

Ma Lin (warlord)

Ma Linwarlord Ma Lin
The Muslim warlord and General Ma Qi became military governor of Qinghai, followed by his brother Ma Lin (warlord) and then Ma Qi's son Ma Bufang.
Ma Lin (Xiao'erjing: ﻣَﺎ لٍ, ; 1873 – 26 January 1945) was the governor of Qinghai 1931–38 and the brother of Ma Qi.

Tuyuhun

Tuyuhun KingdomA-zhaAza
In the middle of 3rd century CE, nomadic people related to the Mongolic Xianbei migrated to pasture lands around the Qinghai Lake (Koko Nur) and established the Tuyuhun Kingdom.
Murong Tuyuhun was the older brother of the Former Yan's ancestor Murong Hui and elder son of the Chanyu Murong Shegui of the Murong Xianbei who took his people from their original settlements on the Liaodong Peninsula to the region of the Yin Mountains, crossing the Yellow River between 307 and 313, and into the eastern region of modern Qinghai.

Ma Fuxiang

Ma Fu-hsiangMa Fuliang
In July–August 1912, General Ma Fuxiang was "Acting Chief Executive Officer of Kokonur" (de facto Governor of the region that later became Qinghai).
He was governor of Qinghai in 1912, Ningxia from 1912 to 1920, and Suiyuan from 1920 to 1925.

Ming dynasty

MingMing ChinaMing Empire
Most of Qinghai was once also a short time under the control of early Ming dynasty, but later gradually lost to the Khoshut Khanate founded by the Oirats.
In Qinghai, the Salar Muslims voluntarily came under Ming rule, their clan leaders capitulating around 1370.

Xunhua Salar Autonomous County

XunhuaXunhua CountyXunhua Co.
The Xunhua Salar Autonomous County is where most Salar people live in Qinghai.
Xunhua Salar Autonomous County is an autonomous Salar county in the southeast of Haidong Prefecture of Qinghai Province, China.

Chinese postal romanization

postalalternatelypostal romanization
Qinghai (formerly romanized as Tsinghai, Ch'inghai or Kokonur) is a landlocked province in Northwestern China.