Quebec City

QuebecQuebec City, QuebecQuébec CityQuébecQuebec City, QCQuebec, Quebectown of QuebecQuebec City, Canadacity of QuebecQuebec, QC
Quebec City ( or ; Québec ; Ville de Québec, ), officially Québec, is the capital city of the Canadian province of Quebec.wikipedia
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Quebec

QuébecProvince of QuebecQC
Quebec City ( or ; Québec ; Ville de Québec, ), officially Québec, is the capital city of the Canadian province of Quebec.
Most inhabitants live in urban areas near the Saint Lawrence River between Montreal and Quebec City, the capital.

Montreal

Montreal, QuebecMontréalMontreal, Canada
It is the second largest city in Quebec after Montreal, and the seventh largest metropolitan area and eleventh largest city in Canada. From 1841 to 1867, the capital of the Province of Canada rotated between Kingston, Montreal, Toronto, Ottawa and Quebec City (from 1852 to 1856 and from 1859 to 1866).
It is situated 258 km south-west of Quebec City.

Samuel de Champlain

ChamplainSamuel ChamplainChamplain Monument
Explorer Samuel de Champlain founded a French settlement here in 1608, and adopted the Algonquin name. Quebec was founded by Samuel de Champlain, a French explorer and diplomat, on 3 July 1608, and at the site of a long abandoned St. Lawrence Iroquoian settlement called Stadacona.
He made between 21 and 29 trips across the Atlantic Ocean, and founded Quebec, and New France, on 3 July 1608.

Promontory of Quebec

its promontoryplateauQuebec promontory
The Algonquian people had originally named the area Kébec, an Algonquin word meaning "where the river narrows", because the Saint Lawrence River narrows proximate to the promontory of Quebec and its Cape Diamant.
In Quebec City, the term promontory of Quebec refers to the area on which is built the upper part of the borough of La Cité-Limoilou, including Old Quebec (where the promontory is referred to as Cap Diamant).

Communauté métropolitaine de Québec

QuébecCommunauté métropolitaine de Québec (Quebec Community Metropolitan Area)Greater Quebec City Area
The city has an estimated population of 531,902 as of July 2016 (an increase of 3.0% from 2011), and the metropolitan area has a population of 800,296 as of July 2016 (an increase of 4.3% from 2011).
The Communauté métropolitaine de Québec (CMQ), or Quebec Metropolitan Community, is an administrative division of the province of Quebec, comprising the metropolitan area of Quebec City.

Château Frontenac

Chateau FrontenacFairmont Le Château FrontenacLe Château Frontenac
The city's landmarks include the Château Frontenac hotel that dominates the skyline and the Citadelle of Quebec, an intact fortress that forms the centrepiece of the ramparts surrounding the old city and includes a secondary royal residence.
The Fairmont Le Château Frontenac, formerly and commonly referred to as the Château Frontenac, is a historic hotel in Quebec City, Quebec, Canada.

Musée national des beaux-arts du Québec

Musée du QuébecMusee du QuebecMNBA
The National Assembly of Quebec (provincial legislature), the Musée national des beaux-arts du Québec (National Museum of Fine Arts of Quebec), and the Musée de la civilisation (Museum of Civilization) are found within or near Vieux-Québec.
The Musée national des beaux-arts du Québec (National Museum of Fine Arts of Quebec), often abbreviated as MNBAQ, is an art museum in Quebec City, Quebec, Canada.

Citadelle of Quebec

La CitadelleCitadel of QuebecCitadel
The city's landmarks include the Château Frontenac hotel that dominates the skyline and the Citadelle of Quebec, an intact fortress that forms the centrepiece of the ramparts surrounding the old city and includes a secondary royal residence.
It is located atop Cap Diamant, adjoining the Plains of Abraham in Quebec City, Quebec.

New France

FrenchCanadaNouvelle-France
Champlain, also called "The Father of New France", served as its administrator for the rest of his life.
The territory of New France consisted of five colonies at its peak in 1712, each with its own administration: Canada, the most developed colony and divided into the districts of Québec, Trois-Rivières, and Montréal; Hudson's Bay; Acadie in the northeast; Plaisance on the island of Newfoundland; and Louisiane.

List of North American settlements by year of foundation

List of North American cities by year of foundationList of North American cities founded in chronological orderestablish settlements
Quebec City is one of the oldest European cities in North America.

Provinces and territories of Canada

ProvinceCanadian provinceprovincial
Quebec City ( or ; Québec ; Ville de Québec, ), officially Québec, is the capital city of the Canadian province of Quebec.

Surrender of Quebec

captured by English privateers
In 1629 it was captured by English privateers, led by David Kirke, during the Anglo-French War.
The surrender of Quebec in 1629 was the taking of Quebec City, during the Anglo-French War (1627–1629).

Saint Lawrence River

St. Lawrence RiverSt Lawrence RiverSt. Lawrence
The Algonquian people had originally named the area Kébec, an Algonquin word meaning "where the river narrows", because the Saint Lawrence River narrows proximate to the promontory of Quebec and its Cape Diamant.
Today, the Saint Lawrence River begins at the outflow of Lake Ontario and flows adjacent to Gananoque, Brockville, Morristown, Ogdensburg, Massena, Cornwall, Montreal, Trois-Rivières, and Quebec City before draining into the Gulf of Saint Lawrence, the largest estuary in the world.

Rivière du Cap Rouge

The fort was at the mouth of the Rivière du Cap Rouge, in the suburban former town of Cap-Rouge (which merged into Quebec City in 2002).
The Cap-Rouge river (Rivière du Cap Rouge) is a river in the Sainte-Foy–Sillery–Cap-Rouge borough of Quebec City and in the city of Saint-Augustin-de-Desmaures, both cities in the Capitale-Nationale region of Quebec, Canada.

Battle of Quebec (1775)

Battle of QuebecQuebecsiege of Quebec
During the American Revolution, revolutionary troops from the southern colonies assaulted the British garrison in an attempt to 'liberate' Quebec City, in a conflict now known as the Battle of Quebec (1775).
The Battle of Quebec (Bataille de Québec) was fought on December 31, 1775, between American Continental Army forces and the British defenders of Quebec City early in the American Revolutionary War.

Cap-Rouge, Quebec City

Cap-RougeSaint-Félix-du-Cap-RougeCap Rouge
The fort was at the mouth of the Rivière du Cap Rouge, in the suburban former town of Cap-Rouge (which merged into Quebec City in 2002).
Cap-Rouge is a former city in central Quebec, Canada, since 2002 within the borough Sainte-Foy–Sillery–Cap-Rouge in Quebec City.

Battle of Sainte-Foy

Sainte-Foya battleBattle of Quebec
It was the site of three battles during the Seven Years' War: the Battle of Beauport, a French victory (31 July 1759); the Battle of the Plains of Abraham, in which British troops under General James Wolfe defeated the French General Louis-Joseph de Montcalm on 13 September 1759 and shortly thereafter took the city; and the final Battle of Sainte-Foy, a French victory (28 April 1760).
The Battle of Sainte-Foy, sometimes called the Battle of Quebec, was fought on April 28, 1760 near the British-held town of Quebec in the French province of Canada during the Seven Years' War (called the French and Indian War in the United States).

Battle of Quebec (1690)

Battle of Quebec1690 Battle of Quebec1690 expedition
In 1690 the city was attacked by the English, but was successfully defended.
It was the first time Québec's defences were tested.

Stadacona

Quebec villageStadacona (Quebec City)Stadaconé
Quebec was founded by Samuel de Champlain, a French explorer and diplomat, on 3 July 1608, and at the site of a long abandoned St. Lawrence Iroquoian settlement called Stadacona.
Stadacona was a 16th-century St. Lawrence Iroquoian village not far from where Quebec City was founded in 1608.

Cap Diamant

Cape DiamantCape DiamondCap-Diamant
The Algonquian people had originally named the area Kébec, an Algonquin word meaning "where the river narrows", because the Saint Lawrence River narrows proximate to the promontory of Quebec and its Cape Diamant.
Cap Diamant (English: Cape Diamond) is a cape on an edge of the Promontory of Quebec and on which Quebec City is located, formed by the confluence of a bend in the St. Lawrence River to the south and east, and the much smaller Saint-Charles River to the north.

James Wolfe

General WolfeWolfeGeneral James Wolfe
It was the site of three battles during the Seven Years' War: the Battle of Beauport, a French victory (31 July 1759); the Battle of the Plains of Abraham, in which British troops under General James Wolfe defeated the French General Louis-Joseph de Montcalm on 13 September 1759 and shortly thereafter took the city; and the final Battle of Sainte-Foy, a French victory (28 April 1760).
Following the success of the Siege of Louisbourg he was made commander of a force which sailed up the Saint Lawrence River to capture Quebec City.

Name of Canada

Dominion of CanadaBorealiaCanada
The name "Canada" refers to this settlement.
Although the Laurentian language, which was spoken by the inhabitants of St. Lawrence Valley settlements such as Stadacona (modern-day Quebec City) and Hochelaga (modern-day Montreal) in the 16th century, is now extinct, it was closely related to other dialects of the Iroquoian languages, such as the Oneida and Mohawk languages.

400th anniversary of Quebec City

400th anniversary400th400th anniversary of Québec City
In 2008 the city celebrated its 400th anniversary and was gifted funds for festivities and construction projects by provincial and federal governments, as well as public artwork by various entities, including foreign countries.
Quebec City's 400th anniversary, celebrated in 2008, commemorated the founding of Quebec City in 1608 by Samuel de Champlain.

Ottawa

Ottawa, OntarioOttawa, CanadaOttawa, ON
From 1841 to 1867, the capital of the Province of Canada rotated between Kingston, Montreal, Toronto, Ottawa and Quebec City (from 1852 to 1856 and from 1859 to 1866).
Wright pioneered the Ottawa Valley timber trade (soon to be the area's most significant economic activity) by transporting timber by river from the Ottawa Valley to Quebec City.

La Cité-Limoilou

LimoilouLa CitéLa Cite
Until 2002, Quebec was a mostly urbanized city and its territory coterminous with today's borough of La Cité-Limoilou.
La Cité-Limoilou is the central borough of Quebec City, the oldest (in terms of architecture), and the most populous, comprising 21.85% of the city's total population.