A report on Queen's Privy Council for Canada

The Office of the Prime Minister and Privy Council building is the seat of the Privy Council
Andrew Scheer, then leader of the opposition, being sworn into the Privy Council at Rideau Hall in 2017. Opposition leaders are occasionally appointed to the Privy Council.
The first meeting of the Privy Council before the reigning sovereign; in the State Dining Room of Rideau Hall, Queen Elizabeth II is seated at centre, with Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh, to her left, and Prime Minister John Diefenbaker at her right; 14 October 1957

Full group of personal consultants to the monarch of Canada on state and constitutional affairs.

- Queen's Privy Council for Canada
The Office of the Prime Minister and Privy Council building is the seat of the Privy Council

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Governor General of Canada

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Federal viceregal representative of the.

Federal viceregal representative of the.

First page of the proclamation of the 1947 Letters Patent as published in the Canada Gazette
Vincent Massey (left foreground), was the first Canadian-born person appointed as viceroy since Confederation.
Michaëlle Jean reciting the oaths of office as administered by Puisne Justice Michel Bastarache, 27 September 2005
Governor General Adrienne Clarkson (right) meets with Russian president Vladimir Putin (left) in the governor general's study of Rideau Hall, 18 December 2000
The Lord Tweedsmuir gives the Throne Speech at the opening of the third session of the 18th Canadian Parliament, 27 January 1938
Governor General David Johnston greeting a crowd during Canada Day celebrations in Ottawa, July 2016.
Michaëlle Jean wearing the insignia of the Order of Canada and Order of Military Merit along with the Canadian Forces Decoration
The present flag of the governor general was adopted in 1981.
Statue of Louis de Buade de Frontenac, the third and sixth governor general of New France at the Quebec Parliament Building.
Political organization of the Province of Canada, after the introduction of responsible government under the Union Act, 1848.
Prince Arthur inspects members of the Canadian Expeditionary Force at Valcartier Camp as the governor general of Canada in 1914.
Marquess of Willingdon (left) during an official visit to Washington, D.C. as the governor general of Canada.
Lord Byng, the 12th governor general of Canada. His role during the King–Byng affair served as a catalyst for change over the role of the governor general in the British Empire.
Georges Vanier, the 19th governor general of Canada. The convention of alternating between anglophone and francophones began with Vanier's appointment.
Jeanne Sauvé (left), Canada's first female governor general
Governor General Adrienne Clarkson (right) toasts Russian president Vladimir Putin in the ballroom of Rideau Hall, 18 December 2000
As the representative of Canada's head of state, the governor general, Michaëlle Jean, welcomes US President Barack Obama to Canada, 19 February 2009

The governor general carried out in Canada all the parliamentary and ceremonial functions of a constitutional monarch—amongst other things, granting Royal Assent, issuing Orders-in-Council, and taking advice from the Canadian Privy Council.

Prime Minister of Canada

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Head of government of Canada.

Head of government of Canada.

John A. Macdonald, the first prime minister of Canada (1867–1873, 1878–1891)
Canada's prime ministers during its first century.
William Lyon Mackenzie King, the 10th prime minister of Canada (1921–1926; 1926–1930; 1935–1948)
24 Sussex Drive, the official residence of the prime minister of Canada
The mark of the prime ministership of Canada, applied to the arms of prime ministers who pursue them
Kim Campbell, the 19th prime minister of Canada (1993) and only female and British Columbia–born person to hold the office

Canadian prime ministers are appointed to the Privy Council and styled as the Right Honourable (Le très honorable), a privilege maintained for life.

A meeting of the Cabinet of William Lyon Mackenzie King in 1930

Cabinet of Canada

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Body of ministers of the Crown that, along with the Canadian monarch, and within the tenets of the Westminster system, forms the government of Canada.

Body of ministers of the Crown that, along with the Canadian monarch, and within the tenets of the Westminster system, forms the government of Canada.

A meeting of the Cabinet of William Lyon Mackenzie King in 1930
The 16th Canadian Ministry, headed by William Lyon Mackenzie King, on the grounds of Rideau Hall, 19 June 1945

Chaired by the prime minister, the Cabinet is a committee of the Queen's Privy Council for Canada and the senior echelon of the Ministry, the membership of the Cabinet and ministry often being co-terminal; there are no members of the latter who are not also members of the former.

Monarchy of Canada

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Canada's form of government embodied by the Canadian sovereign and head of state.

Canada's form of government embodied by the Canadian sovereign and head of state.

Elizabeth II is the reigning sovereign of each of the 15 Commonwealth realms.
Charles, Prince of Wales, in Halifax, Nova Scotia, in 2014. Charles is the heir apparent to the Canadian throne.
The original Act of Settlement, 1701
The throne of Canada (left) and throne for the royal consort (right) behind the speaker's chair in the Senate
Participants of a viceregal and territorial commissioner's conference in 2016. There are 11 viceroys that represent the Canadian monarch in their respective jurisdictions.
The Great Seal of Canada used during the reign of Queen Elizabeth II
Photo portrait of Queen Elizabeth II at the front of a citizenship ceremony. The sovereign is the focus of the Oath of Citizenship.
Then-Governor General David Johnston reviews the guard of honour at Rashtrapati Bhavan during a state visit to India, 24 February 2014
King George VI (left), and William Lyon Mackenzie King, Prime Minister of Canada (right), share a moment of levity, 11 May 1937
The first meeting of the Queen's Privy Council for Canada before the reigning sovereign; in the State Dining Room of Rideau Hall, 14 October 1957
King George VI, with Queen Elizabeth, grants Royal Assent to bills in the Canadian Senate, 1939
A Supreme Court of Canada courtroom displaying on the focal wall a rendition of the Royal Arms.
Prince Philip with the Royal Canadian Regiment as their colonel-in-chief, April 2013.
The flag of the Canadian Forces, bearing the forces' emblem, which has at its apex a St. Edward's Crown, indicating the sovereign as the military's source of authority
The Sovereign's Medal for Volunteers depicts Elizabeth II with a snowflake diadem
Queen Elizabeth II; Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh; Prince Andrew; and Prince Edward at the opening of the 1978 Commonwealth Games in Edmonton, Alberta
Prince William, Duke of Cambridge, and Catherine, Duchess of Cambridge, at the Canada Day celebrations in Ottawa, 1 July 2011
Rideau Hall, the principal Canadian official residence of Canada's sovereign, and the sovereign's representative, the governor general
La Citadelle, an official residence of Canada's sovereign, and the governor general
King Francis I of France established colonies in Acadia and Canada in 1534.
Queen Victoria in 1870, three years after her Royal Assent to the British North America Act, creating the Canadian federation.

It is customary for the accession of the new monarch to be publicly proclaimed by the governor general on behalf of the Privy Council, which meets at Rideau Hall after the accession.

Coat of arms of Canada

Government of Canada

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Body responsible for the federal administration of Canada.

Body responsible for the federal administration of Canada.

Coat of arms of Canada
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The Centre Block of the Parliament buildings on Parliament Hill
Supreme Court Building in Ottawa
A copy of the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms

Three institutions—the Privy Council (conventionally, the Cabinet); the Parliament of Canada; and the judiciary, respectively—exercise the powers of the Crown.

Style (form of address)

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Official or legally recognized form of address for a person or other entity , and may often be used in conjunction with a personal title.

Official or legally recognized form of address for a person or other entity , and may often be used in conjunction with a personal title.

For life – Members of the Queen's Privy Council for Canada, senators and lieutenant-governors

Privy Council Office (Canada)

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The Office's present location in the Office of the Prime Minister and Privy Council building at 80 Wellington Street in Ottawa

The Privy Council Office (PCO; Bureau du Conseil privé) is the central agency of the Government of Canada which acts as the secretariat to the Cabinet of Canada – a committee of the Privy Council for Canada – and provides non-partisan advice and support to the Canadian ministry, as well as leadership, coordination, and support to the departments and agencies of government.

Order in Council

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Type of legislation in many countries, especially the Commonwealth realms.

Type of legislation in many countries, especially the Commonwealth realms.

In Canada, federal Orders in Council are made in the name of the Governor General by the Queen's Privy Council for Canada; provincial Orders-in-Council are of the Lieutenant-Governor-in-Council by the provincial Executive Council.

President of the Queen's Privy Council for Canada

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Nominally in charge of the Privy Council Office.

Nominally in charge of the Privy Council Office.

The president of the Privy Council also has the largely ceremonial duty of presiding over meetings of the Privy Council, a body which only convenes in full for affairs of state such as the accession of a new Sovereign or the marriage of the Prince of Wales or heir presumptive to the Throne.

Royal prerogative

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Body of customary authority, privilege and immunity, recognized in common law and, sometimes, in civil law jurisdictions possessing a monarchy, as belonging to the sovereign and which have become widely vested in the government.

Body of customary authority, privilege and immunity, recognized in common law and, sometimes, in civil law jurisdictions possessing a monarchy, as belonging to the sovereign and which have become widely vested in the government.

In Canada, the royal prerogative is, for the most part, the same as that in the United Kingdom, as constrained by constitutional convention, although its exercise is usually through the federal governor general in the Privy Council of Canada, or the provincial lieutenant governors in the provincial executive councils.