Queen (chess)

queenqueenschess queenQQueen in chessBlack Queenchess queenschess-queensFers
The queen is the most powerful piece in the game of chess, able to move any number of squares vertically, horizontally or diagonally.wikipedia
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Chess

chess playerchess gamewestern chess
The queen is the most powerful piece in the game of chess, able to move any number of squares vertically, horizontally or diagonally.
Each player begins with 16 pieces: one king, one queen, two rooks, two knights, two bishops, and eight pawns.

Chess piece

piecepieceschess pieces
The queen is the most powerful piece in the game of chess, able to move any number of squares vertically, horizontally or diagonally.
1 queen

Promotion (chess)

promotionpromoteunderpromotion
Because the queen is the strongest piece, a pawn is promoted to a queen in the vast majority of cases.
Promotion is a chess rule that requires a pawn that reaches its eighth to be immediately replaced by the player's choice of a queen, knight, rook, or bishop of the same.

King (chess)

kingkingschess king
Each player starts the game with one queen, placed in the middle of the first next to the king.
White starts with the king on the first to the right of the queen.

Bishop (chess)

bishopbishopschess bishop
The queen can be moved any number of unoccupied squares in a straight line vertically, horizontally, or diagonally, thus combining the moves of the rook and bishop. Even before that, the Valencian poem Scachs d'amor ("Chess of Love") depicted a chess game between Francesc de Castellví and Narcís de Vinyoles and commented on by Bernat Fenollar, which clearly had the modern moves of the queen and the bishop.
One starts between the and the king, the other between the and the queen.

Rook (chess)

rookrookschess rook
The queen can be moved any number of unoccupied squares in a straight line vertically, horizontally, or diagonally, thus combining the moves of the rook and bishop.
Two rooks are generally considered to be worth slightly more than a queen (see chess piece relative value).

Chessboard

boardchess boardboards
The white queen starts on d1, while the black queen starts on d8. With the chessboard oriented correctly, the white queen starts on a white square and the black queen starts on a black square—thus the mnemonics "queen gets her color", "queen on [her] [own] color", or "the dress [queen piece] matches the shoes [square]" (Latin: servat rēgīna colōrem).
This change proved particularly useful for diagonal movements, now highlighted by the continuous sequence of same-coloured squares in the diagonals, facilitating the movement of the recently-added Bishop and Queen.

Shatranj

chatrangArabic ruleschess
In the game shatranj, the ancestor of chess that included only male figures, the closest thing to the queen was the ferz, a weak piece only able to move or capture one step diagonally and not at all in any other direction.
Fers (counsellor; also spelled ferz; Arabic firz, from Persian فرزين farzīn; also called wazīr) moves exactly one square diagonally, which makes it a rather weak piece. It was renamed "queen" in Europe. Even today, the word for the queen piece is ферзь (ferz`) in Russian, vezér in Hungarian, vezir in Turkish, vazīr in Persian and wazīr in Arabic. It has analogue to the guards in xiangqi.

Fork (chess)

forkforkingforks
Because of her long range and ability to move in multiple directions, the queen is well equipped to execute forks.
Besides attacking pieces, a target of a fork can be a direct mating threat (for example, attacking an unprotected knight while simultaneously setting up a battery of queen and bishop to threaten mate).

Chess endgame

endgameendgamesending
A queen exchange often marks the beginning of the endgame, but there are queen endgames, and sometimes queens are exchanged in the opening, long before the endgame.
Usually in the endgame, the stronger side (the one with more using the standard piece point count system) should try to exchange pieces (knights, bishops, rooks, and queens), while avoiding the exchange of pawns.

Sacrifice (chess)

sacrificesacrificessacrificed
A queen sacrifice is the deliberate sacrifice of a queen in order to gain a more favorable tactical position.
Because players usually try to hold on to their own pieces, offering a sacrifice can come as an unpleasant surprise to one's opponent, putting him off balance and causing much precious time to be wasted trying to calculate whether the sacrifice is sound or not and whether to accept it. Sacrificing one's queen (the most valuable piece), or a string of pieces, adds to the surprise, and such games can be awarded.

Checkmate

matecheckmatingmates
Beginners often the queen early in the game, hoping to plunder the enemy position and deliver an early checkmate such as Scholar's mate.
Two (queens or rooks) can easily checkmate on the edge of the board.

Exchange (chess)

exchangeexchangesexchanged
It is almost always disadvantageous to exchange the queen for a single piece other than the enemy's queen.
Bishops and knights have about the same value at 3, rooks are valued at about 5, and a queen is valued at about 9.

Scandinavian Defense

Scandinavian1...d5Marshall Gambit
For example, the Scandinavian Defense (1.e4 d5), which often features queen moves by Black on the second and third moves is considered sound, and has been played at the world championship level.
After 2...Qxd5, the most commonly played move is 3.Nc3 because it attacks the queen with gain of tempo.

Ferz

ferscat swordgeneral
The fers changed into the queen over time.
The ferz was a standard chess piece until the modern moves of queen and bishop were developed around 1300 CE. It also appears in some large historical shogi variants, such as dai shogi, under the name "cat sword" (猫刄 myōjin).

Vizier

wazirvezirvizir
In most languages the piece is known as "queen" or "lady" (e.g. Italian donna). Asian and Eastern European languages tend to refer to it as vizier, minister or advisor (e.g. Persian وزیر wazir, Russian ферзь ferz). In Polish it is known as the hetman – the name of a major historical military-political office, while in Estonian it is called lipp ("flag", "standard").
In Shatranj, from which modern chess developed, the piece corresponding to the modern chess "queen" (though far weaker) was often called Wazīr.

Military colours, standards and guidons

coloursregimental coloursguidon
In most languages the piece is known as "queen" or "lady" (e.g. Italian donna). Asian and Eastern European languages tend to refer to it as vizier, minister or advisor (e.g. Persian وزیر wazir, Russian ферзь ferz). In Polish it is known as the hetman – the name of a major historical military-political office, while in Estonian it is called lipp ("flag", "standard").
Chess: In Estonian the queen is known as lipp ("standard"), while in Italian the bishop is called alfiere ("standard-bearer")

Valencian

vaValencian languageCatalan
Even before that, the Valencian poem Scachs d'amor ("Chess of Love") depicted a chess game between Francesc de Castellví and Narcís de Vinyoles and commented on by Bernat Fenollar, which clearly had the modern moves of the queen and the bishop.
The earliest recorded chess game with modern rules for moves of the queen and bishop was in the Valencian poem Scachs d'amor (1475).

Danvers Opening

1.e4 e5 2.Qh52.Qh5Wayward Queen Attack
The Danvers Opening (1.e4 e5 2.Qh5), which is widely characterized as a beginner's opening, has occasionally been played by the strong American grandmaster Hikaru Nakamura.
The Danvers Opening violates a conventional opening principle by developing the queen too early, subjecting it to attack (although it is relatively safe after retreating to f3).

Fairy chess piece

Betza's funny notationfairy piecesfairy piece
Such an augmented queen piece is now known as the fairy chess piece amazon.
For example, the queen we use today was once able to move only a single square in a diagonal direction, and the piece was referred to as a ferz. Today, this piece still starts next to the king, but has gained new movement and became today's queen.

Amazon (chess)

amazonadditional ability to move like a knightamazons
Such an augmented queen piece is now known as the fairy chess piece amazon.
An amazon (also known as a queen+knight compound) is a fairy chess piece that can move like a queen or a knight (or, equivalently, like a rook, bishop, or knight).

Francesc de Castellví i de Vic

Castellví
Even before that, the Valencian poem Scachs d'amor ("Chess of Love") depicted a chess game between Francesc de Castellví and Narcís de Vinyoles and commented on by Bernat Fenollar, which clearly had the modern moves of the queen and the bishop.
It is the first documented game played with the modern rules of chess, at least concerning the moves of the queen and bishop.

Scachs d'amor

Francesc de Castellví and Narcís Vinyoles
Even before that, the Valencian poem Scachs d'amor ("Chess of Love") depicted a chess game between Francesc de Castellví and Narcís de Vinyoles and commented on by Bernat Fenollar, which clearly had the modern moves of the queen and the bishop.
This is believed to be the earliest documented game of chess with the modern rules concerning the moves of the queen and bishop.

Bernat Fenollar

Even before that, the Valencian poem Scachs d'amor ("Chess of Love") depicted a chess game between Francesc de Castellví and Narcís de Vinyoles and commented on by Bernat Fenollar, which clearly had the modern moves of the queen and the bishop.
It is the first documented game played with the modern rules of chess, at least concerning the moves of the queen and bishop.

Narcís Vinyoles

Vinyoles
Even before that, the Valencian poem Scachs d'amor ("Chess of Love") depicted a chess game between Francesc de Castellví and Narcís de Vinyoles and commented on by Bernat Fenollar, which clearly had the modern moves of the queen and the bishop.
It is the first documented game played with the modern rules of chess, at least concerning the moves of the queen and bishop.