Queensland

Queensland, AustraliaQLDState of QueenslandThe State of QueenslandConstitution of QueenslandQueensland (Australia)Colony of QueenslandNortheastern AustraliaQld.North Queensland
Queensland (, abbreviated as Qld) is the second-largest and third-most populous state in the Commonwealth of Australia.wikipedia
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New South Wales

NSWNew South Wales, AustraliaColony of New South Wales
Situated in the north-east of the country, it is bordered by the Northern Territory, South Australia and New South Wales to the west, south-west and south respectively. On 10 December 1859, a proclamation was read by British author George Bowen, whereby Queensland was formally separated from the state of New South Wales.
It borders Queensland to the north, Victoria to the south, and South Australia to the west.

States and territories of Australia

Statestatesstates and territories
Queensland (, abbreviated as Qld) is the second-largest and third-most populous state in the Commonwealth of Australia.
There are six states: New South Wales, Victoria, Queensland, Western Australia, South Australia and Tasmania.

Northern Territory

Northern Territory of AustraliaNTNorthern Territories
Situated in the north-east of the country, it is bordered by the Northern Territory, South Australia and New South Wales to the west, south-west and south respectively.
It shares borders with Western Australia to the west (129th meridian east), South Australia to the south (26th parallel south), and Queensland to the east (138th meridian east).

South Australia

SASouth AustralianSouth
Situated in the north-east of the country, it is bordered by the Northern Territory, South Australia and New South Wales to the west, south-west and south respectively.
South Australia shares borders with all of the other mainland states, and with the Northern Territory; it is bordered to the west by Western Australia, to the north by the Northern Territory, to the north-east by Queensland, to the east by New South Wales, to the south-east by Victoria, and to the south by the Great Australian Bight.

Brisbane

Brisbane, QueenslandBrisbane, AustraliaBrisbane, Queensland, Australia
The capital and largest city in the state is Brisbane, Australia's third-largest city. Queensland was explored in subsequent decades until the establishment of a penal colony at Brisbane in 1824 by John Oxley.
Brisbane is the capital of and the most populated city in the Australian state of Queensland, and the third most populous city in Australia.

Coral Sea

CoralCoral Sea, Queenslandtropical sea
To the east, Queensland is bordered by the Coral Sea and Pacific Ocean.
It is bounded in the west by the east coast of Queensland, thereby including the Great Barrier Reef, in the east by Vanuatu (formerly the New Hebrides) and by New Caledonia, and in the northeast approximately by the southern extremity of the Solomon Islands.

South East Queensland

South EastSouth-East QueenslandSoutheast Queensland
As of 15 May 2018, Queensland had a population of 5,000,000, concentrated along the coast and particularly in the state's South East.
South East Queensland (SEQ) is a bio-geographical, political, and administrative region of the state of Queensland in Australia, which contains more than 3.6 million people out of the state's population of 5.1 million.

List of cities in Australia by population

most populous citythird most populous city14th overall
The capital and largest city in the state is Brisbane, Australia's third-largest city.

Torres Strait Islanders

Torres Strait IslanderTorres Strait Island people(Torres Strait Islander)
Queensland was first inhabited by Aboriginal Australians and Torres Strait Islanders.
Torres Strait Islanders are the indigenous people of the Torres Strait Islands, part of Queensland, Australia.

Separation of Queensland

separation from New South WalesQueensland separatedseparated from New South Wales
The state was named in honour of Queen Victoria, who signed on 6 June 1859 Letters Patent separating the colony from New South Wales.
The Separation of Queensland was an event in 1859 in which the land that forms the present-day State of Queensland in Australia was excised from the Colony of New South Wales and created as a separate Colony of Queensland.

List of country subdivisions by area

List of the largest country subdivisions by areathird largest subnational governing body by area8th largest country subdivision
The state is the world's sixth-largest sub-national entity, with an area of 1852642 km2.

John Oxley

John Joseph William Molesworth OxleyJohn Oxley (1783–1828)
Queensland was explored in subsequent decades until the establishment of a penal colony at Brisbane in 1824 by John Oxley. In 1823, John Oxley, a British explorer, sailed north from what is now Sydney to scout possible penal colony sites in Gladstone (then Port Curtis) and Moreton Bay.
He served as Surveyor General of New South Wales and is perhaps best known for his two expeditions into the interior of New South Wales and his exploration of the Tweed River and the Brisbane River in what is now the state of Queensland.

Blackbirding

blackbirdedblackbirderblackbirders
The state has witnessed frontier warfare between European settlers and Indigenous inhabitants (which did not result in any settlement or treaty), as well as the exploitation of cheap Kanaka labour sourced from the South Pacific through a form of forced recruitment known at the time as "blackbirding".
The demand for this kind of cheap labour principally came from European colonists in New South Wales, Peru, Queensland, Samoa, New Caledonia, Fiji, Tahiti, Hawaii, Mexico and Guatemala.

Barcaldine, Queensland

BarcaldineBaracaldine
The Australian Labor Party has its origin as a formal organisation in Queensland and the town of Barcaldine is the symbolic birthplace of the party.
Barcaldine is a rural town and locality in the Barcaldine Region in Queensland, Australia.

Gladstone, Queensland

GladstonePort Curtiscity of Gladstone
In 1823, John Oxley, a British explorer, sailed north from what is now Sydney to scout possible penal colony sites in Gladstone (then Port Curtis) and Moreton Bay.
Gladstone is a city in the Gladstone Region, Queensland, Australia.

Brisbane central business district

Brisbane CBDBrisbane CityCBD
The settlement, initially known as Edenglassie, was then transferred to the current location of the Brisbane city centre.
The Brisbane central business district (CBD), officially gazetted as the suburb of Brisbane City and colloquially referred to as 'the city', is the heart of the state capital of Queensland, Australia.

Moreton Bay

MoretonMoreton Bay Districtbay
In 1823, John Oxley, a British explorer, sailed north from what is now Sydney to scout possible penal colony sites in Gladstone (then Port Curtis) and Moreton Bay.
The Moreton Bay is a bay located on the eastern coast of Australia 14 km from central Brisbane, Queensland.

Eastern states of Australia

Eastern Australiaeastern statesEast Coast of Australia
Cook claimed the east coast under instruction from King George III of the United Kingdom on 22 August 1770 at Possession Island, naming Eastern Australia, including Queensland, 'New South Wales'.
These are the mainland states of Victoria, Queensland, and New South Wales; the Australian Capital Territory and Jervis Bay Territory, while not states, are also included.

Possession Island (Queensland)

Possession IslandclaimedPossession Island National Park
Cook claimed the east coast under instruction from King George III of the United Kingdom on 22 August 1770 at Possession Island, naming Eastern Australia, including Queensland, 'New South Wales'.
Possession Island is a small island in the Torres Strait Islands group off the coast of far northern Queensland, Australia.

Queensland Day

Queenslander of the YearQueensland Great
Queensland Day is celebrated annually statewide on 6 June.
Queensland Day is officially celebrated on 6 June as the birthday of the Australian state of Queensland.

George Bowen

Sir George BowenGeorge Ferguson BowenSir George Ferguson Bowen
On 10 December 1859, a proclamation was read by British author George Bowen, whereby Queensland was formally separated from the state of New South Wales.
Sir George Ferguson Bowen, [[Knight Grand Cross of the Most Distinguished Order of Saint Michael and Saint George|GCMG]] (2 November 1821 – 21 February 1899), was an Irish author and colonial administrator whose appointments included postings to the Ionian Islands, Queensland, New Zealand, Victoria, Mauritius and Hong Kong.

Gympie

Gympie, QueenslandGympie goldfieldsGympie, QLD
Queensland's economy expanded rapidly in 1867 after James Nash discovered gold on the Mary River near the town of Gympie, sparking a gold rush.
Gympie is a town and a locality in the Gympie Region, Queensland, Australia.

Robert Herbert

Robert George Wyndham HerbertHerbertSir Robert Herbert
On 22 May 1860 the first Queensland election was held and Robert Herbert, Bowen's private secretary, was appointed as the first Premier of Queensland.
Sir Robert George Wyndham Herbert, (12 June 1831 – 6 May 1905), was the first Premier of Queensland, Australia.

University of Queensland

Queensland UniversityQueenslandThe University of Queensland
In 1905, women voted in state elections for the first time, and the University of Queensland was established in 1909.
The University of Queensland (UQ) is a public research university located primarily in Brisbane, the capital city of the Australian state of Queensland.

Indigenous Australians

Indigenous AustralianAboriginalindigenous
The history of Queensland spans thousands of years, encompassing both a lengthy indigenous presence, as well as the eventful times of post-European settlement.
Settlements were subsequently established in Tasmania (1803), Victoria (1803), Queensland (1824), the Northern Territory (1824), Western Australia (1826), and South Australia (1836).