Question

answerquestionswh-questionwh''-questionswh-questionsQAinterrogativequestionablyrequest
A question is an utterance which typically functions as a request for information, which is expected to be provided in the form of an answer.wikipedia
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Display and referential questions

display questions
These are termed display questions.
A display question (also called known-information question) is a type of question requiring the other party to demonstrate their knowledge on a subject matter when the questioner already knows the answer.

Loaded question

Fallacy of many questionsWhen did you stop beating your wife?biased
Pre-suppositional or loaded questions, such as "Have you stopped beating your wife?"
A loaded question or complex question is a question that contains a controversial or unjustified assumption (e.g., a presumption of guilt).

Socratic method

SocraticMaieuticselenchus
Raising a question may guide the questioner along an avenue of research (see Socratic method).
The basic form is a series of questions formulated as tests of logic and fact intended to help a person or group discover their beliefs about some topic; exploring definitions, and seeking to characterize general characteristics shared by various particular instances.

Yes–no question

yes-no questionyes/no questionpolar question
Questions that ask whether or not some statement is true are called yes–no questions (or polar questions, or general questions ), since they can in principle be answered by a "yes" or "no" (or similar words or expressions in other languages).
In linguistics, a yes–no question, formally known as a polar question or a general question is a question whose expected answer is either "yes" or "no".

Open-ended question

open-endedopen questionopen interviews
Open-ended or open questions give the respondent greater freedom to provide information or opinions on a topic.
An open-ended question is a question that cannot be answered with a "yes" or "no" response, or with a static response.

Interrogative word

interrogative pronouninterrogativeinterrogative pronouns
These use interrogative words (wh-words) such as when, which, who, how, etc. to specify the information that is desired.
An interrogative word or question word is a function word used to ask a question, such as what, when, where, who, which, whom, whose, why, and how.

Interrogative

interrogative sentenceinterrogative moodinterrogatives
Questions are often conflated with interrogatives, which are the grammatical forms typically used to achieve them.
An interrogative sentence is a sentence that asks a question.

Do-support

do''-supportauxiliary ''dodo
However, English allows such inversion only with a particular class of verbs (called auxiliary or special verbs), and thus sometimes requires the addition of an auxiliary do, does or did before inversion can take place ("He sings" → "Does he sing?") – for details see do-support.
Do-support (or do-insertion), in English grammar, is the use of the auxiliary verb do, including its inflected forms does and did, to form negated clauses and questions as well as other constructions in which subject–auxiliary inversion is required.

Question mark

????Greek question mark
In languages written in Latin, Cyrillic or certain other scripts, a question mark at the end of a sentence identifies questions in writing.
Lynne Truss attributes an early form of the modern question mark in western language to Alcuin of York.

Wh-movement

wh''-frontingwh-frontingwh-in-situ
(In some languages the formation of such questions may involve wh-movement – see the section below for grammatical description.) The name derives from the fact that most of the English interrogative words (with the exception of how) begin with the letters wh.
In plain terms, it refers to an asymmetry between the syntactical arrangement of words or morphemes in a question and the form of answers to that question; specifically, the placement of the question word.

Inquiry education

inquiry learningTeaching as a Subversive Activity
Students of all ages use questions in their learning of topics, and the skill of having learners creating "investigatable" questions is a central part of inquiry education.
Inquiry education (sometimes known as the inquiry method) is a student-centered method of education focused on asking questions.

Content clause

indirect questiondeclarative content clausenoun clause
As well as direct questions (such as Where are my keys?), there also exist indirect questions (also called interrogative content clauses), such as where my keys are.
Such clauses correspond to direct questions, which are questions actually asked.

Erotetics

erotetic
Erotetics or erotetic logic is a part of logic, devoted to logical analysis of questions.

Sentence (linguistics)

sentencesentencesdeclarative sentence
Languages may use both syntax and prosody to distinguish interrogative sentences (which pose questions) from declarative sentences (which state propositions).
A sentence can include words grouped meaningfully to express a statement, question, exclamation, request, command or suggestion.

English grammar

Englishgrammarthere is
In English, German, French and various other languages, questions are marked by a distinct word order featuring inversion – the subject is placed after the verb rather than before it: "You are cold" becomes "Are you cold?"

Reply

rejoinderrepliesRSVP
A reply is a statement or acknowledgment made in response to an interrogative question, request or comment.

Doubt

Illocutionary act

illocutionary forceillocutionaryforce
Questions can thus be understood as a kind of illocutionary act in the field of pragmatics or as special kinds of propositions in frameworks of formal semantics such as alternative semantics or inquisitive semantics.

Pragmatics

pragmaticpragmaticallylinguistic pragmatics
Questions can thus be understood as a kind of illocutionary act in the field of pragmatics or as special kinds of propositions in frameworks of formal semantics such as alternative semantics or inquisitive semantics.

Semantics of logic

formal semanticssemanticsFormal semantics (logic)
Questions can thus be understood as a kind of illocutionary act in the field of pragmatics or as special kinds of propositions in frameworks of formal semantics such as alternative semantics or inquisitive semantics.

Inquisitive semantics

Questions can thus be understood as a kind of illocutionary act in the field of pragmatics or as special kinds of propositions in frameworks of formal semantics such as alternative semantics or inquisitive semantics.

Grammar

grammaticalgrammaticallyrules of language
Questions are often conflated with interrogatives, which are the grammatical forms typically used to achieve them.

Rhetorical question

rhetoricallyErotemarhetorical
Rhetorical questions, for example, are interrogative in form but may not be considered true questions as they are not expected to be answered.

Imperative mood

imperativeimperativesprohibitive
Conversely, non-interrogative grammatical structures may be considered questions as in the case of the imperative sentence "tell me your name".

Quiz

quiz gamequizzesquizzing
Questions may be asked for the purpose of testing someone's knowledge, as in a quiz or examination.