RAND Corporation

RANDProject RANDThe RAND CorporationRAND Corp.RAND EuropeStephen H. DoleRAND CorpRAND HealthDavid KennedyRAND Corporation Europe
RAND Corporation ("Research ANd Development") is an American nonprofit global policy think tank created in 1948 by Douglas Aircraft Company to offer research and analysis to the United States Armed Forces.wikipedia
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Think tank

think-tankthink tanksthinktank
RAND Corporation ("Research ANd Development") is an American nonprofit global policy think tank created in 1948 by Douglas Aircraft Company to offer research and analysis to the United States Armed Forces.
Later the term "think tank" was used to refer to organizations that offered military advice, such as the RAND Corporation, which was founded in 1946 as an offshoot of Douglas Aircraft and became an independent corporation in 1948.

Pittsburgh

Pittsburgh, PennsylvaniaPittsburgh, PACity of Pittsburgh
Its American locations include: Santa Monica, California (headquarters); Arlington, Virginia; Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania; the San Francisco Bay Area; and Boston, Massachusetts.
The nation's eighth-largest bank, eight Fortune 500 companies, and six of the top 300 U.S. law firms make their global headquarters in the area, while RAND, BNY Mellon, Nova, FedEx, Bayer and NIOSH have regional bases that helped Pittsburgh become the sixth-best area for U.S. job growth.

Santa Monica, California

Santa MonicaSanta Monica, CACity of Santa Monica
Its American locations include: Santa Monica, California (headquarters); Arlington, Virginia; Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania; the San Francisco Bay Area; and Boston, Massachusetts.
The RAND Corporation began as a project of the Douglas Company in 1945, and spun off into an independent think tank on May 14, 1948.

Frederick S. Pardee RAND Graduate School

Pardee RAND Graduate SchoolRAND Graduate SchoolPardee RAND Graduate School of Public Policy
RAND is home to the Frederick S. Pardee RAND Graduate School, one of eight original graduate programs in public policy and the first to offer a PhD.
The Frederick S. Pardee RAND Graduate School (Pardee RAND) is a private graduate school institution associated with the RAND Corporation in Santa Monica, California.

Henry H. Arnold

Hap ArnoldHenry "Hap" ArnoldHenry H. "Hap" Arnold
General Henry H. Arnold, commander of the United States Army Air Forces, established Project RAND with the objective of looking into long-range planning of future weapons.
Arnold was also the founder of Project RAND, which evolved into one of the world's largest non-profit global policy think tanks, the RAND Corporation, and one of the founders of Pan American World Airways.

Douglas Aircraft Company

DouglasDouglas AircraftDouglas Aircraft Corporation
RAND Corporation ("Research ANd Development") is an American nonprofit global policy think tank created in 1948 by Douglas Aircraft Company to offer research and analysis to the United States Armed Forces.
Project RAND later become the RAND Corporation.

Herman Kahn

Kahn, Herman
Chief strategist Herman Kahn also posited the idea of a "winnable" nuclear exchange in his 1960 book On Thermonuclear War.
He originally came to prominence as a military strategist and systems theorist while employed at the RAND Corporation.

Preliminary Design of an Experimental World-Circling Spaceship

In May 1946, the Preliminary Design of an Experimental World-Circling Spaceship was released.
The Preliminary Design of an Experimental World-Circling Spaceship was a 1946 proposal by Project RAND for a United States satellite program.

On Thermonuclear War

Chief strategist Herman Kahn also posited the idea of a "winnable" nuclear exchange in his 1960 book On Thermonuclear War.
On Thermonuclear War is a book by Herman Kahn, a military strategist at the RAND Corporation, although it was written only a year before he left RAND to form the Hudson Institute.

Game theory

gamegame theoristgame theoretic
Its most visible contribution may be the doctrine of nuclear deterrence by mutually assured destruction (MAD), developed under the guidance of then-Defense Secretary Robert McNamara and based upon their work with game theory.
In 1950, the first mathematical discussion of the prisoner's dilemma appeared, and an experiment was undertaken by notable mathematicians Merrill M. Flood and Melvin Dresher, as part of the RAND Corporation's investigations into game theory.

Packet switching

packet-switched networkpacket switchedpacket-switched
In the early 1960s, American computer scientist Paul Baran developed the concept Distributed Adaptive Message Block Switching with the goal to provide a fault-tolerant, efficient routing method for telecommunication messages as part of a research program at the RAND Corporation, funded by the US Department of Defense.

ARPANET

ARPA networkDarpanetAdvanced Research Projects Agency Network
The traditional model of the circuit-switched telecommunication network was challenged in the early 1960s by Paul Baran at the RAND Corporation, who had been researching systems that could sustain operation during partial destruction, such as by nuclear war.

Daniel Ellsberg

1973 trial of Daniel Ellsberg for releasing the Pentagon PapersDan EllsbergDaniel Ellsburg
Daniel Ellsberg (born April 7, 1931) is an American economist, activist and former United States military analyst who, while employed by the RAND Corporation, precipitated a national political controversy in 1971 when he released the Pentagon Papers, a top-secret Pentagon study of the U.S. government decision-making in relation to the Vietnam War, to The New York Times and other newspapers.

Dr. Strangelove

Dr. Strangelove or: How I Learned to Stop Worrying and Love the BombDr StrangeloveBurpleson Air Force Base
This led to Kahn being one of the models for the titular character of the film Dr. Strangelove, in which RAND is spoofed as the "BLAND Corporation".
The character is an amalgamation of RAND Corporation strategist Herman Kahn, mathematician and Manhattan Project principal John von Neumann, rocket scientist Wernher von Braun (a central figure in Nazi Germany's rocket development program recruited to the US after the war), and Edward Teller, the "father of the hydrogen bomb".

Kenneth Arrow

Kenneth J. ArrowArrowArrow, Kenneth J.
During that time he also held the rank of Assistant Professor in Economics at the University of Chicago and worked at the RAND Corporation in California.

RAND Health Insurance Experiment

RAND health care experiment
The RAND Health Insurance Experiment, funded by the then–U.S. Department of Health, Education and Welfare, established an insurance corporation to compare demand for health services with their cost to the patient.
The RAND HIE was begun in 1971 by a group led by health economist Joseph Newhouse and including health service researchers Robert Brook and John Ware; health economists Willard Manning, Emmett Keeler, Arleen Leibowitz, and Susan Marquis; and statisticians Carl Morris and Naihua Duan.

Paul Baran

After joining the RAND Corporation in 1959, Baran took on the task of designing a "survivable" communications system that could maintain communication between end points in the face of damage from nuclear weapons during the Cold War.

The RAND Journal of Economics

RAND Journal of Economics
RAND publishes the RAND Journal of Economics, a peer-reviewed journal of economics.
The RAND Journal of Economics (usually called RAND Journal or simply Rand ) is a quarterly peer-reviewed academic journal of economics published by Wiley-Blackwell on behalf of the RAND Corporation.

Francis Fukuyama

FukuyamaFukuyama, FrancisYoshihiro Francis Fukuyama
He is a council member of the International Forum for Democratic Studies founded by the National Endowment for Democracy and was a member of the Political Science Department of the RAND Corporation.

Anthony C. Hearn

Anthony C. Hearn is an Australian-American computer scientist and adjunct staff member at RAND Corporation and at the Institute for Defense Analyses Center for Computing Sciences.

Barry Boehm

Barry W. BoehmDr. Barry BoehmBoehm
In 1959 he switched to the RAND Corporation, where he was head of the Information Sciences Department until 1973.

Richard E. Bellman

Richard BellmanBellmanBellman, Richard
Beginning 1949 Bellman worked for many years at RAND corporation and it was during this time that he developed dynamic programming.

Samuel T. Cohen

Samuel CohenCohen, Sam
After the war he studied for his Ph.D. at Berkeley before dropping out to join the RAND Corporation.

United States Armed Forces

United States militaryU.S. militaryUS military
RAND Corporation ("Research ANd Development") is an American nonprofit global policy think tank created in 1948 by Douglas Aircraft Company to offer research and analysis to the United States Armed Forces.
A study conducted by the RAND Corporation also suggests that women who make the military their career see an improved rate of promotion, as they climb through the military ranks at a faster rate.

Pentagon Papers

The Pentagon PapersDocuments releasedUnited States – Vietnam Relations, 1945–1967: A Study Prepared by the Department of Defense
("Sensitive" is not an official security designation; it meant that access to the study should be controlled.) The task force published 15 copies; the think tank RAND Corporation received two of the copies from Gelb, Morton Halperin and Paul Warnke, with access granted if at least two of the three approved.