RMS Titanic

TitanicRMS ''TitanicThe TitanicR.M.S. TitanicTitanic disasterR.M.S. ''TitanicRMS ''Titanic,RMS'' TitanicTitanic: The Artifact Exhibition1912
RMS Titanic was a British passenger liner that sank in the North Atlantic Ocean in 1912 after striking an iceberg during her maiden voyage from Southampton to New York City.wikipedia
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Iceberg

icebergstabular iceberggrowler
RMS Titanic was a British passenger liner that sank in the North Atlantic Ocean in 1912 after striking an iceberg during her maiden voyage from Southampton to New York City.
The 1912 loss of the "unsinkable" RMS Titanic led to the formation of the International Ice Patrol in 1914.

White Star Line

White StarOceanic Steam Navigation CompanyWhite Star liner
RMS Titanic was the largest ship afloat at the time she entered service and was the second of three s operated by the White Star Line.
Today, it is most famous for the innovative vessel Oceanic of 1870, and for the losses of some of their best passenger liners, including the wrecking of RMS Atlantic at Halifax in 1873, the sinking of RMS Republic off Nantucket in 1909, the loss of RMS Titanic in 1912 and HMHS Britannic in 1916 while serving as a hospital ship.

Cherbourg-Octeville

CherbourgCherbourg, FranceOcteville
After leaving Southampton on 10 April 1912, Titanic called at Cherbourg in France and Queenstown (now Cobh) in Ireland before heading west to New York.
On Wednesday, 10 April 1912, the RMS Titanic crossed the English Channel and docked here at 7:00 pm local time before raising anchor at 9:10 pm local time and sailing to her final stop Cobh, Ireland.

RMS Titanic in popular culture

RMS ''Titanic'' in popular culturepoemsbooks and films
Titanic has become one of the most famous ships in history, depicted in numerous works of popular culture, including books, folk songs, films, exhibits, and memorials.
The RMS Titanic has played a prominent role in popular culture since her sinking in 1912, with the loss of over 1,500 of the 2,200 lives on board.

J. Bruce Ismay

Bruce IsmayJoseph Bruce IsmayIsmay
The three ships had their genesis in a discussion in mid-1907 between the White Star Line's chairman, J. Bruce Ismay, and the American financier J. P. Morgan, who controlled the White Star Line's parent corporation, the International Mercantile Marine Co. (IMM).
In 1912, he came to international attention as the highest-ranking White Star official to survive the sinking of the company's brand new flagship RMS Titanic, for which he was subject to severe criticism.

Changes in safety practices after the sinking of the RMS Titanic

changes in safety practices following the disastermajor improvements in maritime safetyMaritime policy changes
Public inquiries in Britain and the United States led to major improvements in maritime safety.
The sinking of the RMS Titanic resulted in the following changes in maritime policy.

Grand Staircase of the RMS Titanic

Grand Staircase
One of Titanics most distinctive features was her First Class staircase, known as the Grand Staircase or Grand Stairway.
The set of large ornate staircases in the first-class section of the RMS Titanic, sometimes collectively referred to as the Grand Staircase, is one of the most recognisable features of the British transatlantic ocean liner which sank on her maiden voyage in 1912 after a collision with an iceberg.

Belfast

Belfast, Northern IrelandCity of BelfastBelfast, Ireland
She was built by the Harland and Wolff shipyard in Belfast.
When the Titanic was built in Belfast in 1911–1912, Harland and Wolff had the largest shipyard in the world.

Jack Phillips (wireless officer)

Jack PhillipsJohn "Jack" PhillipsJohn 'Jack' Phillips
Titanic radiotelegraph equipment (then known as wireless telegraphy) was leased to the White Star Line by the Marconi International Marine Communication Company, which also supplied two of its employees, Jack Phillips and Harold Bride, as operators.
John George "Jack" Phillips (11 April 1887 – 15 April 1912) was a British sailor and the senior wireless officer aboard the Titanic during its ill-fated maiden voyage in April 1912.

Harold Bride

Harold Sydney BrideBride, Mr. Harold Sydney
Titanic radiotelegraph equipment (then known as wireless telegraphy) was leased to the White Star Line by the Marconi International Marine Communication Company, which also supplied two of its employees, Jack Phillips and Harold Bride, as operators.
Harold Sydney Bride (11 January 1890 – 29 April 1956) was a British sailor and the junior wireless officer on the ocean liner RMS Titanic during its ill-fated maiden voyage.

Spark-gap transmitter

spark gap transmitterspark transmitterspark transmitters
The ship was equipped with a 'state of the art' 5 kilowatt rotary spark-gap transmitter, operating under the radio callsign MGY, and communication was conducted in Morse code.
They played a crucial role in maritime rescues such as the 1912 RMS Titanic disaster.

Titanic (1997 film)

TitanicTitanic 3D1997 film
During the filming of James Cameron's Titanic in 1997, his replica of the Grand Staircase was ripped from its foundations by the force of the inrushing water on the set.
Incorporating both historical and fictionalized aspects, the film is based on accounts of the sinking of the RMS Titanic, and stars Leonardo DiCaprio and Kate Winslet as members of different social classes who fall in love aboard the ship during its ill-fated maiden voyage.

Southampton

Southampton, EnglandSouthampton, HampshireCity of Southampton
RMS Titanic was a British passenger liner that sank in the North Atlantic Ocean in 1912 after striking an iceberg during her maiden voyage from Southampton to New York City.
The SeaCity Museum is located in the west wing of the civic centre, formerly occupied by Hampshire Constabulary and the Magistrates' Court, and focuses on Southampton's trading history and on the Titanic.

Marconi Company

MarconiMarconi Wireless Telegraph CompanyMarconi's Wireless Telegraph Company
Titanic radiotelegraph equipment (then known as wireless telegraphy) was leased to the White Star Line by the Marconi International Marine Communication Company, which also supplied two of its employees, Jack Phillips and Harold Bride, as operators.
The company and factory was moved to New Street Works in 1912, to allow for production expansion in light of the RMS Titanic disaster.

Luigi Gatti (businessman)

Luigi GattiA. P. Luigi GattiGaspare Gatti
There was an À la Carte Restaurant in the style of the Ritz Hotel which was run as a concession by the famous Italian restaurateur Gaspare Gatti.
Gaspare Antonio Pietro "Luigi" Gatti (3 January 1875 – 15 April 1912) was an Italian businessman and restaurateur, best known as the manager of the À la Carte restaurant on the RMS Titanic, catering to passengers for whom first-class service was not exclusive enough.

Raise the Titanic!

Raise the Titanicbook of the same nameexotic minerals
Despite later myths, the cargo on Titanics maiden voyage was fairly mundane; there was no gold, exotic minerals or diamonds, and one of the more famous items lost in the shipwreck, a jewelled copy of the Rubaiyat of Omar Khayyam, was valued at only £405 (£0 today).
It tells the story of efforts to bring the remains of the ill-fated ocean liner RMS Titanic to the surface of the Atlantic Ocean in order to recover a stockpile of an exotic mineral that was being carried aboard.

Mauritz Håkan Björnström-Steffansson

The painting's owner, first-class passenger Mauritz Håkan Björnström-Steffansson, filed a claim for $100,000 ($2.4 million equivalent in 2014) in compensation for the loss of the artwork.
Mauritz Håkan Björnström-Steffansson (also referred to as Hokan B. Steffanson), (9 November 1883 – 21 May 1962) was a Swedish businessman who survived the sinking of the RMS Titanic in 1912.

Squash (sport)

squashsquash courtsquash courts
Among the more novel features available to first-class passengers was a 7 ft. deep saltwater swimming pool, a gymnasium, a squash court, and a Turkish bath which comprised electric bath, steam room, cool room, massage room, and hot room.
In 1912, the RMS Titanic had a squash court in first class.

Electric bath

Electric
Among the more novel features available to first-class passengers was a 7 ft. deep saltwater swimming pool, a gymnasium, a squash court, and a Turkish bath which comprised electric bath, steam room, cool room, massage room, and hot room.
These include: an early form of tanning bed, which was featured on the RMS Olympic, RMS Titanic, SS Adriatic and in numerous light care institutes; a cabinet in which ultraviolet light is applied to the user via lamps.

Cunard Line

CunardCunard Steamship CompanyCunard liner
The White Star Line faced an increasing challenge from its main rivals Cunard, which had recently launched the and the —the fastest passenger ships then in service—and the German lines Hamburg America and Norddeutscher Lloyd.
White Star's Titanic sank on its maiden voyage, both White Star's Britannic and Cunard's Lusitania were war losses, and the three Hapag super-liners were handed over to the Allied powers as war reparations.

Cobh

QueenstownQueenstown, IrelandCóbh
After leaving Southampton on 10 April 1912, Titanic called at Cherbourg in France and Queenstown (now Cobh) in Ireland before heading west to New York.
It was associated with the RMS Titanic, which was built in Belfast, Northern Ireland.

Norddeutscher Lloyd

North German LloydNorth German Lloyd LineNorddeutsche Lloyd
The White Star Line faced an increasing challenge from its main rivals Cunard, which had recently launched the and the —the fastest passenger ships then in service—and the German lines Hamburg America and Norddeutscher Lloyd.
The unfinished Columbus had been awarded to Great Britain after the war and was bought in 1920 by White Star, which had lost significant tonnage in the war and also wished to make up for the pre-war loss of the Titanic.

J. P. Morgan

J.P. MorganJ. Pierpont MorganJohn Pierpont Morgan
The three ships had their genesis in a discussion in mid-1907 between the White Star Line's chairman, J. Bruce Ismay, and the American financier J. P. Morgan, who controlled the White Star Line's parent corporation, the International Mercantile Marine Co. (IMM).
One of IMMC's subsidiaries was the White Star Line, which owned the RMS Titanic.

David Blair (mariner)

David BlairLieutenant David Blair
The original Second Officer, David Blair, was dropped altogether.
David Blair (or Davy) (11 November 1874 – 10 January 1955) was a British merchant seaman with the White Star Line, which had reassigned him from the RMS Titanic just before its maiden voyage.

SOLAS Convention

International Convention for the Safety of Life at SeaSOLASSafety of Life at Sea
One of their most important legacies was the establishment in 1914 of the International Convention for the Safety of Life at Sea (SOLAS), which still governs maritime safety.
The first version of SOLAS Treaty was passed in 1914 in response to the sinking of the RMS Titanic, which prescribed numbers of lifeboats and other emergency equipment along with safety procedures, including continuous radio watches.