Rabindranath Tagore

TagoreRabindra Nath TagoreRabindranathRabindranath ThakurGurudev Rabindranath TagoreRavindranath TagoreRabindraRabindranth TagoreR. TagoreR.Tagore
Rabindranath Tagore (born Robindronath Thakur, 7 May 1861 – 7 August 1941), also known by his pen name Bhanu Singha Thakur (Bhonita), and also known by his sobriquets Gurudev, Kabiguru, and Biswakabi, was a polymath, poet, musician, and artist from the Indian subcontinent.wikipedia
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Bengali literature

BengaliliteratureBangla literature
He reshaped Bengali literature and music, as well as Indian art with Contextual Modernism in the late 19th and early 20th centuries.
Rabindranath Tagore, poet, playwright, novelist, painter, essayist, musician, and social reformer, is the best known figure of Bengali literature to the world.

Bard

bardsbardicbardess
He is sometimes referred to as "the Bard of Bengal".
For example, William Shakespeare and Rabindranath Tagore are known as "the Bard of Avon" (often simply "the Bard") and "the Bard of Bengal" respectively.

Music of Bengal

Bengali musicBengaliBengali band
He reshaped Bengali literature and music, as well as Indian art with Contextual Modernism in the late 19th and early 20th centuries.
The leading proponent of Bengali music is Rabindranath Tagore (known in Bengali as Robi Thakur and Gurudeb, the latter meaning "Respected Teacher" (in the Bengal of that time, the suffix 'deb' was an honorific, ascribed to people who enjoyed immense respect, but this title was primarily used by his students at Santiniketan, though many others did use the address/ ) Tagore was a prolific composer with around 2,230 songs to his credit.

The Home and the World

Ghare BaireBased on the self-titled novelGhare-Baire
Gitanjali (Song Offerings), Gora (Fair-Faced) and Ghare-Baire (The Home and the World) are his best-known works, and his verse, short stories, and novels were acclaimed—or panned—for their lyricism, colloquialism, naturalism, and unnatural contemplation.
The Home and the World (in the original Bengali, ঘরে বাইরে Ghôre Baire or Ghare Baire, lit. "At home and outside") is a 1916 novel by Rabindranath Tagore.

Visva-Bharati University

Visva Bharati UniversityVisva BharatiVisva-Bharati
As an exponent of the Bengal Renaissance, he advanced a vast canon that comprised paintings, sketches and doodles, hundreds of texts, and some two thousand songs; his legacy also endures in the institution he founded, Visva-Bharati University.
It was founded by Rabindranath Tagore who called it Visva-Bharati, which means the communion of the world with India.

Jana Gana Mana

Indian National AnthemNational Anthem of Indianational anthem
His compositions were chosen by two nations as national anthems: India's Jana Gana Mana and Bangladesh's Amar Shonar Bangla.
It was originally composed as Bharoto Bhagyo Bidhata in Bengali by poet Rabindranath Tagore.

Gitanjali

GeetanjaliPoems of Tagore
Gitanjali (Song Offerings), Gora (Fair-Faced) and Ghare-Baire (The Home and the World) are his best-known works, and his verse, short stories, and novels were acclaimed—or panned—for their lyricism, colloquialism, naturalism, and unnatural contemplation. Author of the "profoundly sensitive, fresh and beautiful verse" of Gitanjali, he became in 1913 the first non-European to win the Nobel Prize in Literature.
Gitanjali is a collection of poems by the Bengali poet Rabindranath Tagore.

Sri Lanka Matha

Sri Lanka Matanational anthemNamo, Namo, Matha
The Sri Lankan national anthem was inspired by his work.
The most widely held view is that Sri Lankan composer Ananda Samarakoon wrote the music and lyrics to the song inspired/influenced by Bengali poet Rabindranath Tagore.

Gora (novel)

Gorasame name
Gitanjali (Song Offerings), Gora (Fair-Faced) and Ghare-Baire (The Home and the World) are his best-known works, and his verse, short stories, and novels were acclaimed—or panned—for their lyricism, colloquialism, naturalism, and unnatural contemplation.
Gora (Bengali: গোরা) is a novel by Rabindranath Tagore, set in Calcutta (now Kolkata), in the 1880s during the British Raj.

Bangladesh

People's Republic of BangladeshBangladeshiBangla Desh
His compositions were chosen by two nations as national anthems: India's Jana Gana Mana and Bangladesh's Amar Shonar Bangla.
The etymology of Bangladesh (Country of Bengal) can be traced to the early 20th century, when Bengali patriotic songs, such as Namo Namo Namo Bangladesh Momo by Kazi Nazrul Islam and Aaji Bangladesher Hridoy by Rabindranath Tagore, used the term.

Santiniketan: The Making of a Contextual Modernism

Contextual ModernismSantiniketan SchoolSantiniketan School of Art
He reshaped Bengali literature and music, as well as Indian art with Contextual Modernism in the late 19th and early 20th centuries.
The exhibition, through bringing about a hundred works each of four modern Indian artists, namely Nandalal Bose, Rabindranath Tagore, Ram Kinker Baij and Benode Behari Mukherjee on the centre stage, put the Santiniketan art movement into focus.

Jyotirindranath Tagore

Jyotirindranath
Yet another brother, Jyotirindranath, was a musician, composer, and playwright.
He played a major role in the flowering of the talents of his younger brother, the first non-European Nobel Prize winner, Rabindranath Tagore.

Satyendranath Tagore

SatyendranathSatyendra Nath Tagore
Another brother, Satyendranath, was the first Indian appointed to the elite and formerly all-European Indian Civil Service. He stayed for several months at a house that the Tagore family owned near Brighton and Hove, in Medina Villas; in 1877 his nephew and niece—Suren and Indira Devi, the children of Tagore's brother Satyendranath—were sent together with their mother, Tagore's sister-in-law, to live with him.
He was the second eldest brother of Rabindranath Tagore, the only Indian to get a Nobel Prize in Literature.

Prabhat Kumar Mukhopadhyaya

Rabindra-biographer Prabhat Kumar Mukhopadhyaya wrote in the second page of the first volume of his book named "Rabindrajibani O Rabindra Sahitya Prabeshika" that, "The Kusharis were the descendants of Deen Kushari, the son of Bhatta Narayana; Deen was granted a village named Kush (in Burdwan zilla) by Maharaja Kshitisura, he became its chief and came to be known as Kushari."
Prabhat Kumar Mukhopadhyaya (25 July 1892–8 November 1985) was a Bengali author best known for his biography of Rabindranath Tagore.

Amar Sonar Bangla

Amar Shonar BanglaNational Anthem of Bangladeshnational anthem
His compositions were chosen by two nations as national anthems: India's Jana Gana Mana and Bangladesh's Amar Shonar Bangla.
An Ode to Mother Bengal, it was written by Bengali polymath Rabindranath Tagore in 1905.

Tagore family

TagoresTagorePathuriaghata Tagore family
The original surname of the Tagores were Kushari.
Rabindranath Tagore (1861–1941), was his penultimate son.

Shantiniketan

SantiniketanShanti NiketanShantiniketan Leather Goods
After his upanayan (coming-of-age rite) at age eleven, Tagore and his father left Calcutta in February 1873 to tour India for several months, visiting his father's Santiniketan estate and Amritsar before reaching the Himalayan hill station of Dalhousie.
It was established by Maharshi Devendranath Tagore, and later expanded by his son Rabindranath Tagore whose vision became what is now a university town with the creation of the Visva-Bharati University.

Bhanusimha Thakurer Padabali

BhanusimhaBhanusimha Thakurer Padavalihis first substantial poems
At the age of sixteen, he released his first substantial poems under the pseudonym Bhānusiṃha ("Sun Lion"), which were seized upon by literary authorities as long-lost classics.
Bhanusimha Thakurer Padabali (ভানুসিংহ ঠাকুরের পদাবলী, ; lit. The Songs of Bhanushingho Thakur) is a collection of Vaishnava lyrics composed in Brajabuli by Rabindranath Tagore.

Swarnakumari Devi

SwarnakumariSwarnakumari DebiSwarnakumari Tagore
His sister Swarnakumari became a novelist.
She was five years older than Rabindranath Tagore.

Bolpur

Bolpur ShantiniketanBolpur station
Tagore largely avoided classroom schooling and preferred to roam the manor or nearby Bolpur and Panihati, which the family visited.
It is 145 km north of Kolkata and is best known for Visva Bharati, the university set up by the Nobel laureate poet Rabindranath Tagore.

Dwijendranath Tagore

Dwijendranath
Tagore's oldest brother Dwijendranath was a philosopher and poet.
His first contribution to Bengali literature was the Bengali translation of Kalidasa's classical Sanskrit work Meghaduta in 1860, before Rabindranath Tagore (1861–1941), his younger brother and Nobel Prize–winning poet, was born.

Indian art

artIndianIndia
He reshaped Bengali literature and music, as well as Indian art with Contextual Modernism in the late 19th and early 20th centuries.
Other artists of the Tagore family, such as Rabindranath Tagore (1861–1941) and Gaganendranath Tagore (1867–1938) as well as new artists of the early 20th century such as Amrita Sher-Gil (1913–1941) were responsible for introducing Avant-garde western styles into Indian Art.

Indira Devi Chaudhurani

Indira Devi ChoudhuraniIndiraIndira Devi
He stayed for several months at a house that the Tagore family owned near Brighton and Hove, in Medina Villas; in 1877 his nephew and niece—Suren and Indira Devi, the children of Tagore's brother Satyendranath—were sent together with their mother, Tagore's sister-in-law, to live with him.
She is noted for her work in scoring the music for a number of songs by her uncle Rabindranath, to whom she was particularly close to.

Jallianwala Bagh massacre

Amritsar MassacreJallianwala BaghJallianwalla Bagh Massacre
He was awarded a knighthood by King George V in the 1915 Birthday Honours, but Tagore renounced it after the 1919 Jallianwala Bagh massacre.
This incident shocked Rabindranath Tagore (the first Asian Nobel laureate) to such extent that he renounced his knighthood and stated that "such mass murderers aren't worthy of giving any title to anyone".

Kadambari Devi

Jyotirindranath's wife Kadambari Devi, slightly older than Tagore, was a dear friend and powerful influence.
She was nearly the same age as her brother-in-law Rabindranath Tagore (2 years elder).