Rachel's Tomb

Tomb of RachelBethlehemTomb of Rachel the Matriarch
Rachel's Tomb (קבר רחל translit. Qever Raḥel, قبر راحيل Qabr Rāḥīl) is the site revered as the burial place of the matriarch Rachel.wikipedia
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Bethlehem

BetlehemBeth-lehemBethlehem District
The tomb, located at the northern entrance of Bethlehem, is built in the style of a traditional maqam. In the Hebrew version given in Genesis, Rachel and Jacob journey from Shechem to Hebron, a short distance from Ephrath, which is glossed as Bethlehem (35:16–21, 48:7).
Rachel's Tomb, an important Jewish holy site, is located at the northern entrance of Bethlehem.

Maqam (shrine)

maqamMukamshrine
The tomb, located at the northern entrance of Bethlehem, is built in the style of a traditional maqam.
These are namely the famous Rachel's Tomb in Bethlehem (though the burial place of matriarch Rachel was worshipped even before), the splendid mausoleum of Abu Hurairah in Yavne and the maqam of sheikh Abu ‘Atabi in Al-Manshiyya, Acre.

Rachel

RakelBiblicallyhis step-mother
Qever Raḥel, قبر راحيل Qabr Rāḥīl) is the site revered as the burial place of the matriarch Rachel. In the Hebrew version given in Genesis, Rachel and Jacob journey from Shechem to Hebron, a short distance from Ephrath, which is glossed as Bethlehem (35:16–21, 48:7). The burial place of the matriarch Rachel as mentioned in the Jewish Tanakh, the Christian Old Testament and in Muslim literature is contested between this site and several others to the north.
Today a site claimed to be Rachel's Tomb, located between Bethlehem and the Israeli settlement of Gilo, is visited by tens of thousands of visitors each year.

Ephrath

EphratahEphrathahEphratha
In the Hebrew version given in Genesis, Rachel and Jacob journey from Shechem to Hebron, a short distance from Ephrath, which is glossed as Bethlehem (35:16–21, 48:7).
A very old tradition is that Ephrath refers to Bethlehem, and thus that she died on the way there, reflected by the ancient Tomb of Rachel at the city's entrance.

Jacob

IsraelYaakovsons of Jacob
In the Hebrew version given in Genesis, Rachel and Jacob journey from Shechem to Hebron, a short distance from Ephrath, which is glossed as Bethlehem (35:16–21, 48:7).
Rachel's Tomb, just outside Bethlehem, remains a popular site for pilgrimages and prayers to this day.

Status Quo (Jerusalem and Bethlehem)

Status QuoStatus quo of Holy Land sitescame to an agreement
Following a 1929 British memorandum, in 1949 the UN ruled that the Status Quo, an arrangement approved by the 1878 Treaty of Berlin concerning rights, privileges and practices in certain Holy Places, applies to the site.

UNESCO

United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural OrganizationUnited Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural OrganizationUnited Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO)
On October 21, 2015, UNESCO adopted a controversial resolution reaffirming a 2010 statement that Rachel's Tomb was: "an integral part of Palestine."
In 2010, Israel designated the Cave of the Patriarchs, Hebron and Rachel's Tomb, Bethlehem as National Heritage Sites and announced restoration work, prompting criticism from the Obama administration and protests from Palestinians.

Moses Montefiore

Sir Moses MontefioreMoses Haim MontefioreMontefiore
When Sir Moses Montefiore renovated the site in 1841 and obtained the keys for the Jewish community, he also added an antechamber, including a mihrab for Muslim prayer, to ease Muslim fears. The tomb of Sir Moses Montefiore, adjacent to the Montefiore synagogue in Ramsgate, England, is a replica of Rachel's Tomb.
On the grounds he built the elegant, Regency architecture Montefiore Synagogue and mausoleum modeled on Rachel's Tomb outside Bethlehem (whose refurbishment and upkeep he had paid for).

Maiden of Ludmir

Hannah Rachel VerbermacherHannah Rochel VerbermacherThe Maiden of Ludomir
Every Rosh Chodesh (beginning of the Jewish month), the Maiden of Ludmir would lead her followers to Rachel’s tomb and lead a prayer service with various rituals, which included spreading out requests of the past four weeks over the tomb.
On Shabbat afternoons, they would come to hear her recite words of Torah, and on Rosh Chodesh she would accompany them to Rachel's Tomb for prayer.

Aida Camp

Aida Refugee CampAidaAida (camp)
After an attack on Joseph's Tomb and its subsequent takeover by Arabs, hundreds of residents of Bethlehem and the Aida refugee camp, led by the Palestinian Authority-appointed governor of Bethlehem, Muhammad Rashad al-Jabari, attacked Rachel's Tomb.
Aida camp is adjacent to Rachel's Tomb, walled off from Jerusalem by the Israeli West Bank barrier and contiguous to the Israeli settlement of Gilo.

1949 Armistice Agreements

armistice agreementsGeneral Armistice Agreement1949 Armistice Agreement
In theory, free access was to be granted as stipulated in the 1949 Armistice Agreements, though Israelis, unable to enter Jordan, were prevented from visiting.
In violation of the agreements, the Jordanians denied Jewish access to the holy places in Jerusalem, prohibited visits to Rachel's Tomb and vandalized the Jewish cemetery on the Mount of Olives, using tombstones for construction of pavements and latrines.

Six-Day War

Six Day War1967 war1967
Following the Six-Day War in 1967, Israel occupied of the West Bank, which included the tomb.
Other Jewish holy sites, such as Rachel's Tomb in Bethlehem and Joseph's Tomb in Nablus, also became accessible.

Montefiore Synagogue

The tomb of Sir Moses Montefiore, adjacent to the Montefiore synagogue in Ramsgate, England, is a replica of Rachel's Tomb.
It is a replica of Rachel's Tomb on the road from Jerusalem to Bethlehem.

Cave of the Patriarchs

Ibrahimi MosqueCave of MachpelahTomb of the Patriarchs

Nava Applebaum

Nava
The Torah Ark in Rachel's Tomb is covered with a curtain (Hebrew: parokhet) made from the wedding gown of Nava Applebaum, a young Israeli woman who was killed by a Palestinian terrorist in a suicide bombing at Café Hillel in Jerusalem in 2003, on the eve of her wedding.
The top of Applebaum's unworn wedding gown was made into a covering for the Torah ark at Rachel's Tomb.

List of National Heritage Sites of Israel

national heritage site protection and rehabilitation planNational Heritage Sites
*List of National Heritage Sites of Israel

Jews

JewishJewJewish people
The tomb is considered holy to Jews, and Christians and Muslims. According to the 1947 United Nations Partition Plan for Palestine, the tomb was to be part of the internationally administered zone of Jerusalem, but the area was occupied by The Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan, which prohibited Jews from entering the area.

Christians

ChristianNasranibelievers
The tomb is considered holy to Jews, and Christians and Muslims.

Muslims

MuslimMoslemMoslems
The tomb is considered holy to Jews, and Christians and Muslims.

Old Testament

Oldthe Old TestamentBiblical
The burial place of the matriarch Rachel as mentioned in the Jewish Tanakh, the Christian Old Testament and in Muslim literature is contested between this site and several others to the north.

Ottoman Empire

OttomanOttomansTurks
The structure in its current form dates from the Ottoman period, and is situated in a Christian and Muslim cemetery dating from at least the Mamluk period.

Antechamber

anteroomante-roomante room
When Sir Moses Montefiore renovated the site in 1841 and obtained the keys for the Jewish community, he also added an antechamber, including a mihrab for Muslim prayer, to ease Muslim fears.

Mihrab

mehrabmihrabsprayer niche
When Sir Moses Montefiore renovated the site in 1841 and obtained the keys for the Jewish community, he also added an antechamber, including a mihrab for Muslim prayer, to ease Muslim fears.

United Nations Partition Plan for Palestine

1947 UN Partition PlanUN Partition Planpartition of Palestine
According to the 1947 United Nations Partition Plan for Palestine, the tomb was to be part of the internationally administered zone of Jerusalem, but the area was occupied by The Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan, which prohibited Jews from entering the area.

Corpus separatum (Jerusalem)

corpus separatuminternationalization of Jerusaleminternationalized Jerusalem
According to the 1947 United Nations Partition Plan for Palestine, the tomb was to be part of the internationally administered zone of Jerusalem, but the area was occupied by The Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan, which prohibited Jews from entering the area.