Racial discrimination

discriminationraceracialdiscriminatoryracially discriminatorydiscriminatedcontemptdiscriminated against on the basis of their racesdiscriminatingdiscrimination of Race
Racial discrimination is any discrimination against individuals on the basis of their skin colour, or racial or ethnic origin.wikipedia
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Race (human categorization)

raceracialraces
Racial discrimination is any discrimination against individuals on the basis of their skin colour, or racial or ethnic origin.
Racial discrimination often coincides with racist mindsets, whereby the individuals and ideologies of one group come to perceive the members of an outgroup as both racially defined and morally inferior.

Racism

racistracial prejudiceracial discrimination
Such a difference in treatment might still informally be described as a form of racism, or more precisely as xenophobia or anti-immigrant sentiment.
Therefore, racism and racial discrimination are often used to describe discrimination on an ethnic or cultural basis, independent of whether these differences are described as racial.

Affirmative action

positive discriminationemployment equityaffirmative-action
Some institutions and laws use affirmative action to attempt to overcome or compensate for the effects of racial discrimination.
The concept of affirmative action was introduced in the early 1960s in the United States, as a way to combat racial discrimination in the hiring process, with the concept later expanded to address gender discrimination.

Discrimination

discriminatoryanti-discriminationdiscriminate
Racial discrimination is any discrimination against individuals on the basis of their skin colour, or racial or ethnic origin.

Devah Pager

Pager
Devah Pager, a sociologist at Princeton University, sent matched pairs of applicants to apply for jobs in Milwaukee and New York City, finding that black applicants received callbacks or job offers at half the rate of equally qualified whites.
Devah Iwalani Pager (March 1, 1972 – November 2, 2018) was an American sociologist best known for her research on racial discrimination in employment and the American criminal justice system.

Xenophobia

xenophobicxenophobexenophobes
Such a difference in treatment might still informally be described as a form of racism, or more precisely as xenophobia or anti-immigrant sentiment.
Racial discrimination has occurred against White Zimbabwean communities.

Superior: The Return of Race Science

The racial discrimination she faced at the time pushed her towards a style of journalism that seeks to highlight injustice.

International Day for the Elimination of Racial Discrimination

International Day for the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination
The day commemorates the lives of those who died to fight for democracy and equal human rights for all in South Africa during apartheid, an institutionally racist system built upon racial discrimination.

Racial segregation

segregationsegregatedsegregationist
Governments can discriminate in a de facto fashion or explicitly in law, for example through policies of racial segregation, disparate enforcement of laws, or disproportionate allocation of resources.

Anti-discrimination law

discrimination lawanti-discrimination lawsanti-discrimination
Some jurisdictions have anti-discrimination laws which prohibit the government or individuals from discriminating based on race (and sometimes other factors) in various circumstances.

Racial quota

quotaracial quotasquotas
In some cases, this is simply enhanced recruitment of members of underrepresented groups; in other cases there are firm racial quotas.

Reverse discrimination

reverse racismaffirmative actiondefensive
Opponents of strong remedies like quotas characterize them as reverse discrimination, where members of a dominant or majority group are discriminated against.

Discrimination based on skin color

colorismcolourismcolorist
Discrimination based on skin color (measured for example on the Fitzpatrick scale) is closely related to racial discrimination, as skin color is often used as a proxy for race in everyday interactions, and is one factor used by legal systems that apply detailed criteria.

Fitzpatrick scale

darker skin colorFitzpatrickFitzpatrick phototype
Discrimination based on skin color (measured for example on the Fitzpatrick scale) is closely related to racial discrimination, as skin color is often used as a proxy for race in everyday interactions, and is one factor used by legal systems that apply detailed criteria.

Population Registration Act, 1950

Population Registration ActPopulation Registration Act Repeal Act, 1991four recognised South African races
For example, the Population Registration Act, 1950 was used to enforce the apartheid system in South Africa, and Brazil has set up boards to assign a racial category to people for the purpose of enforcing racial quotas.

Apartheid

South Africa under apartheidapartheid in South Africaapartheid South Africa
For example, the Population Registration Act, 1950 was used to enforce the apartheid system in South Africa, and Brazil has set up boards to assign a racial category to people for the purpose of enforcing racial quotas.

Hypodescent

classify her as black
Different rules (such as hypodescent vs. hyperdescent) classify the same people differently, and for various reasons some people "pass" as a member of a different race than they would otherwise be classified in, possibly avoiding legal or interpersonal discrimination.

Hyperdescent

Different rules (such as hypodescent vs. hyperdescent) classify the same people differently, and for various reasons some people "pass" as a member of a different race than they would otherwise be classified in, possibly avoiding legal or interpersonal discrimination.

Passing (racial identity)

passingpasspassed
Different rules (such as hypodescent vs. hyperdescent) classify the same people differently, and for various reasons some people "pass" as a member of a different race than they would otherwise be classified in, possibly avoiding legal or interpersonal discrimination.

Ethnic group

ethnicityethnicethnic groups
A given race is sometimes defined as a set of ethnicities from populations in neighboring geographic areas (such as a continent like Australia or a subcontinental region like South Asia) that are typically similar in appearance.

Continent

continentssubcontinentcontinental
A given race is sometimes defined as a set of ethnicities from populations in neighboring geographic areas (such as a continent like Australia or a subcontinental region like South Asia) that are typically similar in appearance.

Ethnic hatred

racial hatredethnic tensionethnic tensions
In such cases, racial discrimination can occur because someone is of an ethnicity defined as outside that race, or ethnic discrimination (or ethnic hatred, ethnic conflict, and ethnic violence) can occur between groups who consider each other to be the same race.

Ethnic conflict

race warrace riotsethnic
In such cases, racial discrimination can occur because someone is of an ethnicity defined as outside that race, or ethnic discrimination (or ethnic hatred, ethnic conflict, and ethnic violence) can occur between groups who consider each other to be the same race.

Ethnic violence

racial violenceethnicethnic riot
In such cases, racial discrimination can occur because someone is of an ethnicity defined as outside that race, or ethnic discrimination (or ethnic hatred, ethnic conflict, and ethnic violence) can occur between groups who consider each other to be the same race.

Caste

caste systemcastescasteism
Discrimination based on caste is similar; because caste is hereditary, people of the same caste are usually considered to be of the same race and ethnicity.