Sport in childhood. Association football, shown above, is a team sport which also provides opportunities to nurture physical fitness and social interaction skills.

Competition of speed, in which competitors try to complete a given task in the shortest amount of time.

- Racing

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Swimming (sport)

Start of the 4 × 100 meters men's relay during the 2008 Summer Olympics in Beijing
Leander swimming across the Hellespont. Detail from a painting by Bernard Picart.
The routes taken by Webb and T.W. Burgess across the English Channel, in 1875 and 1911, respectively.
Katie Ledecky set the Olympic records in 2016 for the 400m and 800m freestyle.
World record holder and Olympic gold medalist Michael Phelps in the 400 IM.
A simplified diagram of the FINA long course swimming pool standard, used at the World Championships and Summer Olympics
Australian Swim Team in their swimsuits, 1996
Olympic gold medalist Tyler Clary of U.S. walks wearing men's swim briefs, while Hayley Palmer sports a racerback one-piece swimsuit, 2012
Swimmers must go around the yellow marked to count as a "lap"
Olympian Ryan Lochte (near) standing on top of the wedged starting blocks. Each swimmer performs a preparatory isometric press by applying downward pressure onto their bent legs. This serves to preload the muscles and helps to make the subsequent dive more powerful.
Here is where the rotator cuff is located, and what a tear would look like in the shoulder

Swimming is an individual or team racing sport that requires the use of one's entire body to move through water.


Not to be confused with Gait.

Marathon runners at Carlsbad Marathon, USA, 2013
A scene depicting long-distance runners, originally found on a Panathenaic amphora from Ancient Greece, circa 333 BCE
Ancient Roman bronze sculptures of runners from the Villa of the Papyri at Herculaneum, now in the Naples National Archaeological Museum
Eadweard Muybridge photo sequence
Person with a bad running form. Heel striking and leaning forward are some of the most common mistakes and cause of injuries among beginners.
Chafing of skin following a marathon run
Maximum human speed [km/h] and pace [min/km] per distance
A man running with a baton during a relay race.
International-level women athletes competing in 100 m sprint race at ISTAF Berlin, 2006

Records of competitive racing date back to the Tailteann Games in Ireland between 632 BCE and 1171 BCE, while the first recorded Olympic Games took place in 776 BCE.

Greyhound racing

Organized, competitive sport in which greyhounds are raced around a track.

Several greyhounds before a race
Greyhound during a race
Greyhounds rounding a turn on a track
Ear tattoo on an American racing greyhound. Ear tattoos are used for identification of dogs during their racing careers.

Track racing uses an artificial lure (usually a form of windsock) that travels ahead of the greyhounds on a rail until the greyhounds cross the finish line.

Auto racing

Jimmie Johnson leads the field racing three-wide multiple rows back at Daytona International Speedway in the 2015 Daytona 500.
Albert Lemaître classified first in his Peugeot Type 5 3hp in the Paris–Rouen.
Fernand Gabriel driving a Mors in Paris-Madrid 1903
A remaining section of the Brooklands track in 2007
Giedo van der Garde driving the Caterham CT03 at Sepang International Circuit
A Panoz GF09 Indycar Series chassis driven by Jaques Lazier during practice for the 2007 Indianapolis 500
Formula Three car racing at the Hockenheimring, 2008
The 2017 Formula Student electric race-car of the Delft University of Technology
Racing Driver's View
Opening lap of 2012 WTCC Race of Japan
FIA GT1 at Silverstone in 2011
The Audi R18, a Le Mans Prototype car, during an endurance race
NASCAR green flag start at Daytona International Speedway for the 2015 Daytona 500
An ASA Late Model Series stock car on an asphalt track
Andreas Mikkelsen driving a VW Polo R WRC during the 2013 Rally de Portugal
Holden V8-powered 1980 Mercedes at the 2010 Targa Tasmania
Jet-propelled dragster in Tarlton, Gauteng, South Africa
Two modified AMCs launching at a dragstrip
Rod Hall in a Hummer H3 during a Best in the Desert race
A sprint kart race in Atwater California hosted by the International Karting Federation
Mazda Raceway Laguna Seca, Monterey, 2008

Auto racing (also known as car racing, motor racing, or automobile racing) is a motorsport involving the racing of automobiles for competition.

Motorcycle racing

Motorcycles racing at the 2010 Course du BOC
Competitors line up at the start of the 2010 Senior TT race. This form of road racing differs from others as it takes the form of an individual Time Trial, but other historic TT events have differed, using mass-grid starts and Le Mans starts
MotoGP racing
Superbike racing
Supersport racing
Endurance racing
Sidecar racing
Start of a Motocross race
A Supermoto rider on a tarmac section
Former World Enduro Champion Stefan Merriman
Hare Scramble racer at Hyden, Ky
Track racing motorcycles
Grass track racing
Ice Racing using full-rubber tyres
Board track racing
A race starts in Kawaguchi Auto Race Circuit
Drag Racing

Motorcycle racing (also called moto racing and motorbike racing) is the motorcycle sport of racing motorcycles.

Speed skating

Paulien van Deutekom, Thialf, 2007
Long track speed skating, Thialf, 2008
Individual start
Speed skating on a stamp
Nicolaas Bauer: Women's speed skating competition on the town canal at Leeuwarden, 1809.
Speed skating match on the Zuiderzee near Hindeloopen, Netherlands, in 1828
Jaap Eden, the first official world champion
Speed skating at the 1928 Winter Olympics in St. Moritz, Switzerland
Monique Angermüller on clap skates and in a full body-covering suit in 2008
Sven Kramer, Jan Blokhuijsen and Koen Verweij (NED) in team pursuit at the 2018 Winter Olympics.

Speed skating is a competitive form of ice skating in which the competitors race each other in travelling a certain distance on skates.

Relay race

World Orienteering Championship 2008 gold medal winners in relay
Swimmers about to make the pass during a relay race
A final-leg runner for the University of Wisconsin
Two runners prepare to pass the baton.
Athletes in the Southern Counties 12-Stage Road Relay Championships, Wimbledon Common, London, 1988
Relays commemorative coin

A relay race is a racing competition where members of a team take turns completing parts of racecourse or performing a certain action.


Sport pertains to any form of competitive physical activity or game that aims to use, maintain, or improve physical ability and skills while providing enjoyment to participants and, in some cases, entertainment to spectators.

Sport in childhood. Association football, shown above, is a team sport which also provides opportunities to nurture physical fitness and social interaction skills.
The International Olympic Committee recognises some board games as sports including chess.
Show jumping, an equestrian sport
100m race record holder Usain Bolt (in yellow, right) and other runners, Moscow, 2013.
Roman bronze reduction of Myron's Discobolos, 2nd century AD.
Motorised sports have appeared since the advent of the modern age.
Swimmers perform squats as warm-up exercise prior to entering the pool in a U.S. military base, 2011
International level female athletes at ISTAF Berlin, 2006
A runner gives a friendly tap on the shoulder to a wheelchair racer during the Marathon International de Paris (Paris Marathon) in 2014.
Spectators at the 1906 unofficial Olympic Games
Women's volleyball team of a U.S. university.
These lights at the Melbourne Cricket Ground indicate the decision the third umpire makes following a review.
The foot race was one of the events dedicated to Zeus. Panathenaic amphora, Kleophrades painter, circa 500 BC, Louvre museum.

In certain sports such as racing, many contestants may compete, simultaneously or consecutively, with one winner; in others, the contest (a match) is between two sides, each attempting to exceed the other.

Race stage

Sport in childhood. Association football, shown above, is a team sport which also provides opportunities to nurture physical fitness and social interaction skills.

A race stage, leg, or heat is a unit of a race that has been divided in several parts for the reason such as length of the distance to be covered, as in a multi-day event.


Group of sports that require navigational skills using a map and compass to navigate from point to point in diverse and usually unfamiliar terrain whilst moving at speed.

The international orienteering flag
Orienteering pictogram
World Orienteering Championships 2007 in Kyiv, Ukraine. Winners of middle-distance event: Simone Niggli-Luder, Switzerland, and Thierry Gueorgiou, France
An orienteer at a control point
An orienteering map
An example of how control points are shown on an orienteering map
Control description sheet (pictorial)
SportIdent station with electronic puncher (note that the puncher is normally worn on a finger) with a backup needle puncher attached
Thumb compass and protractor compass
Foot-O relay, the winner crosses the line – joined by the rest of his team
An orienteering control
A setting for indoor ultrasprint orienteering
Studying the map at the start of a night orienteering competition, or "night-o"
ARDF orienteer wearing a map board on his left arm
Ski orienteer wearing a map board on a torso harness
Mountain bike orienteer with a map board on bike handlebars

Adventure racing is a combination of two or more disciplines, and usually includes orienteering as part of the race.