Rainbow Books

Red BookOrange BookRainbow bookBeige Bookcolor-bound booksKollane raamatOrange Book, part 1Yellow Book
The Rainbow Books is a collection of CD format specifications.wikipedia
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Compact disc

CDCDsCD single
The Rainbow Books is a collection of CD format specifications.
After a year of experimentation and discussion, the Red Book CD-DA standard was published in 1980.

Compact Disc Digital Audio

The standard is defined in the Red Book, one of a series of "Rainbow Books" (named for their binding colors) that contain the technical specifications for all CD formats.

Photo CD

PCDPhotoCDKodak Photo CD
*PCD (Photo)
Photo CDs are defined in the Beige Book and conform to the CD-ROM XA and CD-i Bridge specifications as well.


rewritable CDsCD-MOCDRW
Before CD-RW technology, in 1990 a standard for magneto-optical recordable and erasable CDs called CD-MO was introduced and set in the Orange Book, part 1 as a CD with a magneto-optical recording layer.


One of a set of color-bound books that contain the technical specifications for all CD formats, the Yellow Book, standardized by Sony and Philips in 1983, specifies a format for discs with a maximum capacity of 650 MiB.


CDRrecordable CDCD-Rs
CD-R/RWs are available with capacities of 80 minutes of audio or 737,280,000 bytes (700 MiB), which they achieve by molding the disc at the tightest allowable tolerances specified in the Orange Book CD-R/CD-RW standards.

Double-density compact disc

DDCDDouble Density Compact DiscDouble Density
*DDCD (Double Density)


The name "Orange-Book-Standard" comes from the Orange Book that contained the format specifications for CD-Rs, the technology at issue in the case that led to the Orange-Book-Standard decision.

Content format

formatcontent representation formatformats
The Rainbow Books is a collection of CD format specifications.

Specification (technical standard)

specificationspecificationstechnical specifications
The Rainbow Books is a collection of CD format specifications.


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CD+EGCD + DVDCD + Extended Graphics


Philips CD-iPhilips Interactive MediaGreen Book
*CD-i (Interactive)
It was created as an extension of CDDA and CD-ROM and specified in the Green Book, co-developed by Philips and Sony, to combine audio, text and graphics.

Super Video CD

SVCDChina Video DiscChina Video Disc (CVD)

Blue Book (CD standard)

CD ExtraEnhanced Music CDBlue Book
*E-CD/CD+/CD Extra (Enhanced)

Super Audio CD

SACDDirect Stream TransferSHM-SACD
*SACD (Super Audio)

Compact Disc manufacturing

CD manufacturingCD manufacturerCD manufacturers
A CD can be used to store audio, video, and data in various standardized formats defined in the Rainbow Books.

History of science and technology in Japan

Compact Disc Digital Audio (CD-DA), also called Red Book, was an audio format developed by Sony and Philips in 1980, and commercially introduced with their compact disc (CD) format in 1982.