Rainbow Books

Orange BookRed BookRainbow bookBeige Bookcolor-bound booksOrange Book, part 1Yellow Book
The Rainbow Books are a collection of CD format specifications.wikipedia
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Compact disc

CDCDsCD single
The Rainbow Books are a collection of CD format specifications.
After a year of experimentation and discussion, the Red Book CD-DA standard was published in 1980.

Compact Disc Digital Audio

Audio CDCDRed Book
CD-DA (Digital Audio) – standardized as IEC 60908
The standard is defined in the Red Book, one of a series of "Rainbow Books" (named for their binding colors) that contain the technical specifications for all CD formats.

Photo CD

PCDKodak Photo CDKodak Photo-CD
*PCD (Photo) CD-i Bridge - a bridge format between CD-ROM XA and the Green Book CD-i, which is the base format for Video CDs, Super Video CDs and Photo CDs.
Photo CDs are defined in the Beige Book and conform to the CD-ROM XA and CD-i Bridge specifications as well.

CD-RW

rewritable CDsCD-MOCD-R/RW
CD-MO (Magneto-Optical)
Prior to the introduction of the CD-RW technology, a standard for magneto-optical recordable and erasable CDs called CD-MO was introduced in 1990 and set in the Orange Book, part 1, and was basically a CD with a magneto-optical recording layer.

CD-ROM

CDCD-ROM drives18x
CD-ROM (Read-Only Memory) – standardized as ECMA-130 and ISO/IEC 10149 CD-i Bridge - a bridge format between CD-ROM XA and the Green Book CD-i, which is the base format for Video CDs, Super Video CDs and Photo CDs.
One of a set of color-bound books that contain the technical specifications for all CD formats, the Yellow Book, standardized by Sony and Philips in 1983, specifies a format for discs with a maximum capacity of 650 MiB.

CD-R

CDRrecordable CDrecordable CDs
CD-R (Recordable) alias CD-WO (Write Once) alias CD-WORM (Write Once, Read Many) – partially standardized as ECMA-394
CD-R/RWs are available with capacities of 80 minutes of audio or 737,280,000 bytes (700 MiB), which they achieve by molding the disc at the tightest allowable tolerances specified in the Orange Book CD-R/CD-RW standards.

Optical disc authoring

burningoptical disc authoring softwareburned
Orange Book also introduced the standard for multisession writing.
Rainbow Books (optical disc data standards)

Double-density compact disc

DDCDDouble Density
*DDCD (Double Density)
Rainbow Books

Orange-Book-Standard

Orange-Book-Standard, a decision named after the Compact Disc standard, issued in 2009 by the German Federal Court of Justice on the interaction between patent law and standards
The name "Orange-Book-Standard" comes from the Orange Book that contained the format specifications for CD-Rs, the technology at issue in the case that led to the Orange-Book-Standard decision.

Content format

formatcontent representation formatformats
The Rainbow Books are a collection of CD format specifications.

Specification (technical standard)

specificationspecificationstechnical specifications
The Rainbow Books are a collection of CD format specifications.

Karaoke

noraebangkaraoke machinekaraoke bars
CD+G (plus Graphics) – karaoke

CD+G

CD + DVDCD+EG / CD+XG
CD+G (plus Graphics) – karaoke

White Book (CD standard)

White Book
CD-i Bridge - a bridge format between CD-ROM XA and the Green Book CD-i, which is the base format for Video CDs, Super Video CDs and Photo CDs.

Green Book (CD standard)

Green BookCD-iGreen Book CD-i
CD-i Bridge - a bridge format between CD-ROM XA and the Green Book CD-i, which is the base format for Video CDs, Super Video CDs and Photo CDs.

Video CD

VCDVCDsvideo disk
CD-i Bridge - a bridge format between CD-ROM XA and the Green Book CD-i, which is the base format for Video CDs, Super Video CDs and Photo CDs.

Super Video CD

SVCDChina Video DiscChina Video Disc (CVD)
CD-i Bridge - a bridge format between CD-ROM XA and the Green Book CD-i, which is the base format for Video CDs, Super Video CDs and Photo CDs. SVCD (Super Video, 1998) – a 1998 extension of VCD, standardized as IEC 62107 in 2000.

International Electrotechnical Commission

IECInternational Electrotechnical Commission (IEC)(IEC)
SVCD (Super Video, 1998) – a 1998 extension of VCD, standardized as IEC 62107 in 2000.

Blue Book (CD standard)

Blue BookCD ExtraCD-Extra
*E-CD/CD+/CD Extra (Enhanced)

Super Audio CD

SACDSHM-SACDhybrid SACD
*SACD (Super Audio)

ISO 9660

ISOCDFS.cdfs
ISO 9660, a 1986 filesystem standard used in conjunction with CD-ROM formats.

Compact Disc manufacturing

CD manufacturingCompact Disc manufacturerCD manufacturer
A CD can be used to store audio, video, and data in various standardized formats defined in the Rainbow Books.

History of science and technology in Japan

Compact Disc Digital Audio (CD-DA), also called Red Book, was an audio format developed by Sony and Philips in 1980, and commercially introduced with their compact disc (CD) format in 1982.