Rameswaram

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Map of Ramsetu's Bridge (a chain of limestone shoals) and environs, before the cyclone of 1964.
A street in Rameswaram
Rameswaram Island Aerial view from Pamban Bridge
Road and rail bridge
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Rameswaram TV tower
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People taking a holy dip in Agni theerth, Bay of Bengal
Fishing boats in Rameswaram
NASA satellite photo: Rameswaram on top, Sri Lanka at the bottom of the photo

Municipality in the Ramanathapuram district of the Indian state of Tamil Nadu.

- Rameswaram

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Ramanathapuram district

One of the 38 districts an administrative districts of Tamil Nadu state in southern India.

One of the 38 districts an administrative districts of Tamil Nadu state in southern India.

Corridors of the Rameshwaram temple.
Pamban Island in which Rameswaram is located
Chitrangudi Bird Sanctuary spot-billed pelican
Pamban Bridge between Pamban Island and the mainland
Fishing boats seen from Pamban Bridge
Pamban rail bridge connecting Pamban island with the Indian mainland

The district is home to the pilgrimage center of Rameswaram.

Map of Pamban island in 1955

Pamban Island

Island located between peninsular India and Sri Lanka, on the Rama Setu archipelago.

Island located between peninsular India and Sri Lanka, on the Rama Setu archipelago.

Map of Pamban island in 1955

The principal town in the island is the pilgrimage centre of Rameswaram.

Pamban bridge

Pamban Bridge

Pamban bridge
Pamban Road and Rail Bridge
Lifting spans allow small ships to pass through
Annai Indira Gandhi Road Bridge

Pamban Bridge is a railway bridge which connects the town of Mandapam in mainland India with Pamban Island, and Rameswaram.

Jagannath Temple, Puri

Char Dham

Set of four pilgrimage sites in India.

Set of four pilgrimage sites in India.

Jagannath Temple, Puri
Rameswaram Temple, Rameswaram
Dwarakadheesh Temple, Dwarka
Badrinath Temple

The four Dhams are, Badrinath, Dwarka, Puri and Rameswaram.

Official portrait, 2002

A. P. J. Abdul Kalam

Indian aerospace scientist who served as the 11th President of India from 2002 to 2007.

Indian aerospace scientist who served as the 11th President of India from 2002 to 2007.

Official portrait, 2002
Kalam addresses engineering students at IIT Guwahati
Kalam along with Vladimir Putin and Manmohan Singh during his presidency
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A. P. J. Abdul Kalam delivering a speech

He was born and raised in Rameswaram, Tamil Nadu and studied physics and aerospace engineering.

The temple of Mugavai, South India (1858)

Ramanathapuram

Town and a municipality in Ramanathapuram district in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu.

Town and a municipality in Ramanathapuram district in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu.

The temple of Mugavai, South India (1858)
Palace of Ramanathapuram

The estate of Ramnad included the Hindu holy island city of Rameswaram, from where, legend has it that the Hindu god Rama launched his invasion of Ravana's Lanka.

From the air, looking west

Adam's Bridge

Chain of natural limestone shoals, between Pamban Island, also known as Rameswaram Island, off the south-eastern coast of Tamil Nadu, India, and Mannar Island, off the north-western coast of Sri Lanka.

Chain of natural limestone shoals, between Pamban Island, also known as Rameswaram Island, off the south-eastern coast of Tamil Nadu, India, and Mannar Island, off the north-western coast of Sri Lanka.

From the air, looking west
NASA satellite photo: India on top, Sri Lanka at the bottom
Historical map of Adam's Bridge and environs, before the cyclone of 1964
Landsat 7 image of Adam's Bridge
Landsat 5 image of Adam's Bridge
Pearl fishing in the Gulf of Mannar, c. 1926
Opposition parties demanded implementation of the Sethusamudram canal project using one of the five alternative alignments considered earlier by the Government, without damaging the structure of Adam's Bridge.
A 19th-century painting depicting a scene from Ramayana, wherein monkeys are shown building a bridge to Lanka.

Another study attributes the origin of the structure to longshore drifting currents which moved in an anticlockwise direction in the north and clockwise direction in the south of Rameswaram and Talaimannar.

Hanuman tearing up his chest to show Sita-Rama in his heart

Hanuman

Hindu god and a divine vanara (monkey) companion of the god Rama.

Hindu god and a divine vanara (monkey) companion of the god Rama.

Hanuman tearing up his chest to show Sita-Rama in his heart
Hanuman with a Namaste (Anjali Mudra) posture
Standing Hanuman, Chola Dynasty, 11th century, Tamil Nadu, India
Numerous 14th-century and later Hanuman images are found in the ruins of the Hindu Vijayanagara Empire.
Child Hanuman reaches for the Sun thinking it is a fruit by BSP Pratinidhi
Ravana burns Hanuman's tail.
Bhima tries to lift Hanuman's tail.
Hanuman fetches the herb-bearing mountain, in a print from the Ravi Varma Press, 1910s
Hanuman finds Sita in the Ashoka grove, and delivers her Rama's ring.
Roadside Hanuman shrine south of Chennai, Tamil Nadu.
In Japan, icons of the divine monkey (Saruta Biko), guards temples such as Saru-gami at Hie Shrine.
A Majapahit statue of Hanuman with a yoni (andesite; 14th century) from East Java, Indonesia
Hanuman murti seated in meditation in lotus asana
A five-headed panchamukha Hanuman icon. It is found in esoteric tantric traditions that weave Vaishvana and Shaiva ideas, and is relatively uncommon.
41 meters (135 ft) high Hanuman monument at Paritala, Andhra Pradesh
Panchmukhi Hanuman Temple in Karachi, Pakistan is the only temple in the world which has a natural statue of Hanuman
Wall carvings depicting the worship of Hanuman at Undavalli Caves in Guntur District.
In India, the annual autumn season Ramlila play features Hanuman, enacted during Navratri by rural artists (above).
Cambodian depiction of Hanuman at Angkor Wat. Rama is standing on top of Hanuman in the middle of the mural.
Hanuman statue at Bali, Indonesia
Hanuman relief in Prambanan temple, Indonesia
Hanuman wayang (puppetry) in Indonesian culture
Thai iconography of Hanuman. He is one of the most popular characters in the Ramakien.

The Skanda Purana mentions Hanuman in Rameswaram.

Adam's Bridge separating Palk Bay from the Gulf of Mannar

Palk Strait

Strait between the Tamil Nadu state of India and the Jaffna District of the Northern Province of the island nation of Sri Lanka.

Strait between the Tamil Nadu state of India and the Jaffna District of the Northern Province of the island nation of Sri Lanka.

Adam's Bridge separating Palk Bay from the Gulf of Mannar
Gulf of Mannar

The island of Rameswaram is linked to the Indian mainland by the Pamban Bridge.

Rama holding arrows

Rama

Major deity in Hinduism.

Major deity in Hinduism.

Rama holding arrows
Gold carving depiction of the legendary Ayodhya at the Ajmer Jain temple
Rama is portrayed in Hindu arts and texts as a compassionate person who cares for all living beings.
Rama Raj Tilak from Ramayana
The Rama story is carved into stone as an 8th-century relief artwork in the largest Shiva temple of the Ellora Caves, suggesting its importance to the Indian society by then.
1870 painting on mica entitled, Incarnation of Vishnu
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Valmiki composing the Ramayana.
Rama (left third from top) depicted in the Dashavatara (ten incornations) of Vishnu. Painting from Jaipur, now at the Victoria and Albert Museum.
Rama (Yama) and Sita (Thida) in Yama Zatdaw, the Burmese version of the Ramayana
A 5th century terracotta sculpture depicting Rama
In Northern, Central and Western states of India, the Ramlila play is enacted during Navratri by rural artists (above).
Rama's story is a major part of the artistic reliefs found at Angkor Wat, Cambodia. Large sequences of Ramayana reliefs are also found in Java, Indonesia.
The UNESCO World Heritage Site of Hampi monuments in Karnataka, built by the Vijayanagara Empire, includes a major Rama temple. Its numerous wall reliefs tell the life story of Rama.
Rama Temple at Ramtek (10th century, restored). A medieval inscription here calls Rama as Advaitavadaprabhu or "Lord of the Advaita doctrine".
Rama, along with his younger brother Lakshmana and wife Sita, exiled to the forest.
Rama in Forest
Ravana's sister Suparnakha attempts to seduce Rama and cheat on Sita. He refuses and spurns her (above).
Ravana kidnapping Sita while Jatayu on the left tried to help her. 9th-century Prambanan bas-relief, Java, Indonesia.
Hanuman meets Rama in the forest.

The important celebrations on this day take place at Ayodhya, Sitamarhi, Janakpurdham (Nepal), Bhadrachalam, Kodandarama Temple, Vontimitta and Rameswaram.